Hibiscus sabdariffa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Indian-sorrel Jamaica-sorrel red-sorrel roselle sorrel
Hibiscus sabdariffa

Medical use

Economic importance of Hibiscus sabdariffa

Food additives flavoring
Human food beverage base vegetable
Materials fiber
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Hibiscus sabdariffa Hibiscus sabdariffa Hibiscus sabdariffa Hibiscus sabdariffa Hibiscus sabdariffa Hibiscus sabdariffa Hibiscus sabdariffa Hibiscus sabdariffa Hibiscus sabdariffa

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Seed
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Gossypetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Calyx
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (111000 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Oxalic-acid found in Flower
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Root
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Root
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Allelochemic
Delphinidin found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Delphinidin found in Calyx
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Hibiscus-acid found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
AntiCVI
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
AntiHIV
Methanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
AntiLegionella
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Seed
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Calyx
AntiUTI
Mannose found in Calyx
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Tin found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Flower (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Limonene found in Calyx
Antiadhesive
Mannose found in Calyx
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Flower (536 ppm);found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Linalool found in Calyx
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Calyx
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antianemic
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Flower (536 ppm);found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiangiogenic
Ergosterol found in Seed
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Antiapoptotic
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Calyx
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Silicon found in Flower (9.1 ppm);found in Flower (9.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Calyx
Gossypetin found in Flower
Hexanal found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Tin found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Flower (10 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Cleomiscosin-a found in Root Bark
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Anticanker
Iron found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Flower (536 ppm);found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Anticarcinogenic
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Tocopherol found in Seed
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Flower (536 ppm);found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antichoreic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Anticolic
Linalool found in Calyx
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Anticollegenase
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Anticystitic
Mannose found in Calyx
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed
Xylose found in Calyx
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Antidote
Methanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Antielastase
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Calyx
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Calyx
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiflu
Ergosterol found in Seed
Limonene found in Calyx
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Calyx
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Calyx
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigout
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Cleomiscosin-a found in Root Bark
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Linalool found in Calyx
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Antihyperinsulinemic
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antihyperleptinemic
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Calyx
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Cleomiscosin-a found in Root Bark
Linalool found in Calyx
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antimange
Linalool found in Calyx
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Flower (536 ppm);found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Calyx
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Calyx
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Gossypetin found in Flower
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antimyopic
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (111000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Calyx
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiobesity
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Silicon found in Flower (9.1 ppm);found in Flower (9.1 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Flower (4348 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (6458 ppm)
Silicon found in Flower (9.1 ppm);found in Flower (9.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Antiototic
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Campesterol found in Seed
Cholesterol found in Seed
Cleomiscosin-c found in Root Bark
Delphinidin found in Calyx
Delphinidin-3-glucoside found in Calyx
Delta-5-avenasterol found in Seed
Delta-tocopherol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Gossypetin found in Flower
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Antiperiodontal
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Calyx
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Calyx
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Calyx
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Calyx
Hexanal found in Calyx
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiseptic
(e)-2-hexenal found in Calyx
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Calyx
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Furfural found in Calyx
Hexanal found in Calyx
Hibiscin-chloride found in Plant
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Oxalic-acid found in Flower
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Calyx
Antisickling
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Flower (125 ppm);found in Flower (290 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antisunburn
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Calyx
Antitic
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Delta-tocopherol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Ergosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Calyx
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Aluminum found in Flower (125 ppm);found in Flower (290 ppm)
Antivaricose
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antiviral
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ergosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Flower (4348 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (6458 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Calyx
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Delta-tocopherol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Calyx
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Calyx
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Calyx
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Flower
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
COX-1-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
COX-2-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Delphinidin found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Mucilage found in Calyx (650000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Flower (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Aluminum found in Flower (125 ppm);found in Flower (290 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Candidistat
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Capillariprotective
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Flower (38 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Silicon found in Flower (9.1 ppm);found in Flower (9.1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Carminative
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Seed
Chemopreventive
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Cholesterolytic
Glycolic-acid found in Flower
Limonene found in Calyx
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Seed
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Contraceptive
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Culicide
Linalool found in Calyx
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Calyx
Cytotoxic
Cleomiscosin-a found in Root Bark
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Delta-9-Desaturase-Inhibitor
Sterculic-acid found in Seed
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Calyx (650000 ppm)
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Deodorant
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Depressant
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Calyx
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Calyx
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Glycolic-acid found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Dye
Xylose found in Calyx
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Elastase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Fruit
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (111000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Flower (125 ppm);found in Flower (290 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Calyx
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Calyx
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Flower (38 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Furfural found in Calyx
Hexanal found in Calyx
Isopropyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Propionic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Tartaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Root
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Flower
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Anisaldehyde found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Furfural found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Calyx
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Calyx
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Calyx
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Calyx
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Goitrogenic
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Hemostat
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Cellulose found in Seed (168000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Tocopherol found in Seed
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Glycolic-acid found in Flower
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Histaminic
Limonene found in Calyx
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Sodium found in Flower (382 ppm);found in Flower (382 ppm)
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Calyx
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Delta-tocopherol found in Seed (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Mucilage found in Calyx (650000 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Calyx
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (15.1 ppm);found in Flower (15.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Tocopherol found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Calyx
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Limonene found in Calyx
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Flower (4348 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (6458 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Calcium-oxalate found in Fruit
Insecticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Anisaldehyde found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Calyx
Furfural found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Sterculic-acid found in Seed
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Insectiphile
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Insulin-Sparing
Tocopherol found in Seed
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Furfural found in Calyx
Glycolic-acid found in Flower
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Oxalic-acid found in Flower
Propionic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Tartaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Root
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Calyx
Sterculic-acid found in Seed
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Laxative
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Fruit
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Calyx
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Gossypetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Fruit
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
MAO-Inhibitor
Cleomiscosin-c found in Root Bark
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Flower (5.4 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Calyx
NO-Inhibitor
Delphinidin found in Calyx
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
NO-Scavenger
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Plant
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Calyx
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Flower (4348 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (6458 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Calyx
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Seed
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
PKC-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Seed (1490 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Isopropyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Calyx
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Propionic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Calyx
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Pesticide
(e)-2-hexenal found in Calyx
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Aluminum found in Flower (125 ppm);found in Flower (290 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Delphinidin found in Calyx
Ergosterol found in Seed
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Calyx
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Furfural found in Calyx
Gossypetin found in Flower
Hexanal found in Calyx
Hibiscin-chloride found in Plant
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Calyx
Oxalic-acid found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Calyx (31900 ppm);found in Fruit (10200 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Sterculic-acid found in Seed
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (3 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tin found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Flower (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Seed
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Calyx
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
Pigment
Delphinidin found in Calyx
Gossypetin found in Flower
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (111000 ppm)
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Delphinidin found in Calyx
Iron found in Flower (6 ppm);found in Flower (536 ppm);found in Leaf (333 ppm)
Linalool found in Calyx
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandigenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Calyx
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Fruit (170000 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Flower
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Plant
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Propionic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Flower (6.2 ppm)
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Root
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Flower (56667 ppm);found in Flower (65000 ppm);found in Stem (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Sweetener
Galactose found in Flower
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Flower (10 ppm)
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Calyx
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Limonene found in Calyx
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Calyx
Eugenol found in Calyx
Linalool found in Calyx
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Calyx
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Calyx
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Calyx
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Anisaldehyde found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Flower (21 ppm);found in Leaf (555 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ethanol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Calyx
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Root Bark
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (14.3 ppm);found in Flower (14.3 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Calyx
Oxalic-acid found in Flower
Vasoactive
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (3400 ppm);found in Seed (6000 ppm);found in Flower (17400 ppm);found in Leaf (14792 ppm)
Eugenol found in Calyx
Fiber found in Flower (374600 ppm);found in Seed (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (400 ppm);found in Flower (2240 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower (12 ppm);found in Flower (71 ppm);found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (9400 ppm);found in Flower (9400 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Seed
Vasoprotective
Anthocyanins found in Calyx (20000 ppm)
Vasorelaxant
Proanthocyanidins found in Flower
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Calyx
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Calyx ;found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Calyx
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1161 ppm);found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Fruit (3750 ppm)
Sucrose found in Calyx (2400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-allooxycitronic-acid-lactone Flower
(e)-2-heptenal Calyx
(e)-2-hexenal Calyx
(z)-3-hexenol Calyx
1,4-cineole Calyx
1,8-cineole Calyx
1-hexanol Calyx
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-3-cyclohexenol Calyx
2,2-dimethyl-hexanal Calyx
2,3-dimethylbutane Calyx
2,6-dimethyl-5,7-octadien-2-ol Calyx
2-ethenyltetrahydro-2,6,6-trimethyl-2h-pyran Calyx
2-ethyl-furan Calyx
2-hexenol Calyx
2-methyl-6-methylene-7-octen-2-ol Calyx
2-pentyl-furan Calyx
3-methyl-1-butanol Fruit
Seed
Leaf
4-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-3-cyclohexen-1-ol-acetate Calyx
5-methyl-2-furaldehyde Calyx
6,10,14-trimethyl-2-pentadecanone Calyx
Acetic-acid Calyx
Seed
Fruit
Acids Flower 150,000 300,000
Allohydroxycitric-acid Flower 230,000
Alpha-4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexyl-1-acetaldehyde Calyx
Alpha-farnesene Calyx
Alpha-terpineol Calyx
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Calyx
Fruit
Seed
Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol Seed 500
Aluminum Flower 14 125
Flower 125 290
Anisaldehyde Fruit
Leaf
Anthocyanins Calyx 10,000 20,000
Arabinans Flower
Arabinogalactans Flower
Ascorbic-acid Flower 100 1,161
Flower 22 200
Fruit 540 3,750
Ash Flower 2,200 20,000
Leaf 10,000 111,000
Flower 6,000 103,400
Aspartic-acid Plant
Benzaldehyde Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol Fruit
Leaf
Beta-carotene Flower 1 9
Flower 0 21
Leaf 41 555
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Beta-sitosterol-beta-d-galactopyranoside Plant
Beta-sitosterol-beta-d-galactoside Leaf
Beta-sitosteryl-benzoate Leaf
Butyric-acid Fruit
Calcium Flower 374 3,400
Seed 3,200 6,000
Flower 1,100 17,400
Leaf 2,130 14,792
Calcium-oxalate Fruit
Campesterol Seed
Caprylic-acid Fruit
Seed
Carbohydrates Flower 76,000 804,000
Leaf 92,000 765,000
Seed 557,000
Caryophyllene Calyx
Cellulose Seed 168,000
Cholesterol Seed
Chromium Flower 54
Flower 0.6 5.4
Cis-12,13-epoxy-cis-9-octadecenoic-acid Seed
Citric-acid Flower 6,233 56,667
Fruit 37,400 170,000
Cleomiscosin-a Root Bark
Cleomiscosin-c Root Bark
Cleomiscosin-d Root Bark
Clerosterol Seed
Cobalt Flower 0.6 5
Flower 38
Copper Flower 5.6 6.2
Cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside Flower
Cyanidin-3-d(2-glucosyl)-rutinoside Flower
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Calyx
Cyanidin-3-sambubioside Calyx
Flower
Cyanidin-3-xyloglucoside Flower
Delphinidin Calyx
Delphinidin-3-glucoside Calyx
Delphinidin-3-sambubioside Calyx
Delphinidin-3-xyloglucoside Flower
Delphinin Flower
Delta-5-avenasterol Seed
Delta-tocopherol Seed 10
Epoxyoleic-acid Seed
Ergosterol Seed
Ethanol Fruit
Seed
Leaf
Eugenol Calyx
Exo-2-hydroxycineole Calyx
Fat Flower 1,100 10,000
Leaf 3,000 33,000
Seed 168,000 223,000
Flower 1,000 110,000
Fiber Flower 10,000 374,600
Seed 120,000
Leaf 13,000 114,000
Fiber(crude) Flower 30,000
Fiber(dietary) Flower 140,000
Formic-acid Fruit
Seed
Fruit-acids Calyx 150,000 350,000
Furfural Calyx
Galactose Flower
Galacturonic-acid Flower
Gamma-tocopherol Seed 1,490
Glycolic-acid Flower
Gossypetin Flower
Gossypetin-3-glucoside Flower
Heptanal Calyx
Hexanal Calyx
Hibiscetin Flower
Hibiscic-acid Flower 153,000 230,000
Hibiscin Flower
Hibiscin-chloride Plant
Hibiscitrin Flower
Hibiscretin Flower
Hibiscus-acid Flower 230,000
Hydroxybenzoic-acids Flower
Hydroxycinnamic-acids Flower
Ibiscic-acid Flower 27,500 250,000
Iron Flower 0.7 6
Flower 1 536
Leaf 15 333
Isoamyl-alcohol Fruit
Leaf
Seed
Isopropyl-alcohol Fruit
Seed
Leaf
Limonene Calyx
Linalool Calyx
Linalool-oxide Calyx
Linoleic-acid Seed
Magnesium Flower 44 400
Flower 2,240
Maleic-acid Flower
Malic-acid Flower 6,233 56,667
Flower 65,000
Stem 6,000
Leaf 12,500
Malvalic-acid Seed
Manganese Flower 2 15.1
Flower 15.1
Mannose Calyx
Methanol Fruit
Seed
Leaf
Methyl-salicylate Calyx
Mucilage Calyx 15,000 650,000
Myristic-acid Seed
Niacin Flower 1.3 12
Flower 4 71
Leaf 12 132
Nitrogen Seed 32,900
Nonanal Calyx
Octanal Calyx
Oleic-acid Seed
Oxalic-acid Flower
Palmitic-acid Seed
Palmitoleic-acid Seed
Pectin Calyx 31,900
Fruit 10,200
Pelargonic-acid Fruit
Seed
Pentosans Seed 158,000
Phosphorus Flower 110 1,000
Flower 180 4,348
Seed 6,000
Leaf 480 6,458
Phytosterols Calyx
Potassium Flower 1,034 9,400
Flower 9,400
Proanthocyanidins Flower
Propionic-acid Fruit
Seed
Protein Flower 70,000 110,000
Flower 6,600 60,000
Protocatechuic-acid Flower
Resin Calyx
Rhamnogalacturans Flower
Rhamnose Flower
Riboflavin Flower 0 4
Flower 0.1 0.5
Leaf 1 31
Sabdaretin Flower
Sabdaritrin Flower
Sambubioside Flower
Saponin Root
Scopoletin Root Bark
Selenium Flower 14.3
Flower 1.6 14.3
Silicon Flower 9.1
Flower 1 9.1
Sodium Flower 382
Flower 42 382
Starch Seed 111,000
Stearic-acid Seed
Sterculic-acid Seed
Sucrose Calyx 2,400
Sugars Flower 12,100 110,000
Sulfur Seed 4,000
Tartaric-acid Flower
Flower 6,233 56,667
Root
Tetrahydro-2,2-dimethyl-5-(1-methylpropyl)-furan Calyx
Thiamin Flower 0 3
Leaf 0 12
Thiamine Flower 0.1 0.5
Tin Flower 1 10
Flower 10
Tocopherol Seed
Tocopherols Seed 2,000
Utalonic-acid Flower
Water Flower 890,000
Seed 76,000 129,000
Flower 845,000 882,000
Leaf 856,000
Xylose Calyx
Zinc Flower
Flower
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]