Hesperis matronalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
damask-violet dame's rocket dame's-violet sweet rocket

Hesperis matronalis is a herbaceous plant species in the mustard family, Brassicaceae. It has numerous common names, including dame’s rocket, damask violet, dame’s violet, dames-wort, dame’s gilliflower, night-scented gilliflower, queen’s gilliflower, rogue’s gilliflower, summer lilac, sweet rocket, mother-of-the-evening and winter gilliflower. Plants are biennials or short-lived perennials, native to Eurasia and cultivated in many other areas of the world for their attractive, spring-blooming flowers. In some of those areas, it has escaped cultivation and become a weed species. The genus name Hesperis is Greek for evening, and the name was probably given because the scent of the flowers becomes more conspicuous towards evening.

Hesperis matronalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Hesperis matronalis

Environmental ornamental
Human food oil/fat

Gallery

Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis Hesperis matronalis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    • China: China - Xinjiang
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary; Poland ; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Neuquen, Rio Negro, Tierra del Fuego; Chile

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower
Acaricide
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Analgesic
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Anesthetic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Flower
Antiallergic
Linalool found in Flower
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Flower
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Sabinene found in Flower
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Anticolic
Linalool found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Linalool found in Flower
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Flower
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Flower
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Flower
Antihistaminic
Linalool found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Antileukemic
Linalool found in Flower
Antilithic
Limonene found in Flower
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Antimange
Linalool found in Flower
Antimite
Linalool found in Flower
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Flower
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Flower
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Flower
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Antioxidant
Myrcene found in Flower
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Antiradicular
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Sabinene found in Flower
Antishock
Linalool found in Flower
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Limonene found in Flower
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Sabinene found in Flower
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Flower
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Flower
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Flower
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Flower
Bruchifuge
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Candidistat
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Carcinogenic
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Carminative
Linalool found in Flower
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Choleretic
Quinic-acid found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Flower
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Culicide
Linalool found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Linalool found in Flower
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Flower
Emetic
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Flower
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Flower
Fungicide
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Flower
Fungistat
Limonene found in Flower
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Flower
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Flower
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Histaminic
Limonene found in Flower
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Flower
Hypotensive
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Ileorelaxant
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Flower
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Larvicide
Linalool found in Flower
Laxative
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Flower
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Mutagenic
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Flower
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Flower
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Flower
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Flower
Sabinene found in Flower
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Flower
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Myrcene found in Flower
Shikimic-acid found in Leaf
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Flower
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Flower
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Linalool found in Flower
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Flower
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Flower
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower
Beta-pinene found in Flower
Limonene found in Flower
Trichomonicide
Linalool found in Flower
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Flower
Tumorigenic
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Varroacide
Benzyl-acetate found in Flower
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]