Hemidesmus indicus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
East Indian-sarsaparilla Indian-sarsaparilla

Hemidesmus indicus, Indian sarsaparilla, is a species of plant that is found in South Asia. It is a slender, laticiferous, twining, sometimes prostrate or semi-erect shrub. Roots are woody and aromatic. The stem is numerous, slender, terete, thickened at the nodes. The leaves are opposite, short-petioled, very variable, elliptic-oblong to linear-lanceolate. The flowers are greenish outside, purplish inside, crowded in sub-sessile axillary cymes. It is occurs over the greater part of India, from the upper Gangetic plain eastwards to Assam and in some places in central, western and South India. The root is a substitute for sarsaparilla. It should be distinguished from American Sarsaparilla Smilax aristolochaefolia Mill. and Jamaican Sarsaparilla Smilax ornata Hook.f.

Hemidesmus indicus

Medical use

Economic importance of Hemidesmus indicus

Food additives adulterant
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Hemidesmus indicus Hemidesmus indicus Hemidesmus indicus Hemidesmus indicus Hemidesmus indicus Hemidesmus indicus Hemidesmus indicus Hemidesmus indicus Hemidesmus indicus Hemidesmus indicus

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Flower
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Hyperoside found in Flower
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Root
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiaggregant
Rutin found in Flower
Antiaging
Hyperoside found in Flower
Antiallergic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Root
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiatherosclerotic
Rutin found in Flower
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Anticancer
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Anticataract
Rutin found in Flower
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antidementia
Rutin found in Flower
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Flower
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiflu
Hyperoside found in Flower
Lupeol found in Root
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Flower
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antiherpetic
Rutin found in Flower
Antihistaminic
Rutin found in Flower
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Root
Lupeol-acetate found in Root
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Rutin found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hyperoside found in Flower
Lupeol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Root
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Flower
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Flower
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Saponins found in Root
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Flower
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Root
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Root
Antioxidant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hyperoside found in Flower
Lupeol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Flower
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiradicular
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Root
Antispasmodic
Rutin found in Flower
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Flower
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Flower
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Flower
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Lupeol-acetate found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Root
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hyperoside found in Flower
Lupeol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Flower
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Hyperoside found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Flower
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Catabolic
Rutin found in Flower
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
Diuretic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Root
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hemostat
Rutin found in Flower
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hypotensive
Hyperoside found in Flower
Lupeol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Rutin found in Flower
Saponins found in Root
Insecticide
Rutin found in Flower
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Root
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Flower
Juvabional
Rutin found in Flower
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Larvistat
Rutin found in Flower
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Flower
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Flower
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hyperoside found in Flower
Lupeol found in Root
Rutin found in Flower
Protisticide
Rutin found in Flower
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Flower
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Root
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Vasodilator
Rutin found in Flower
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Flower
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-amyrin Root
Beta-amyrin Root
Beta-amyrin-acetate Root
Beta-sitosterol Root
Desinine Plant
Eo Root 1,600 2,250
Hemidesmol Root
Hemidesterol Root
Hexatriacontane Root
Hyperoside Flower
Isoquercitin Flower
Lupeol Root
Lupeol-acetate Root
Lupeol-octacosanoate Root
P-methoxy-salicylic-aldehyde Root 1,280 1,800
Resin Root
Rutin Flower
Saponins Root
Tannins Leaf 25,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]