Helleborus niger Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black helleborus Christmas-rose

Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas rose or black hellebore, is an evergreen perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. It is poisonous. Although the flowers resemble wild roses, Christmas rose does not belong to the rose family.

Helleborus niger

Medical use

Economic importance of Helleborus niger

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger Helleborus niger

Geografical distribution

  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Germany ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Croatia; Italy ; Slovenia
    Naturalized
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany

Biological activities

Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Rhizome
Anticarcinomic
Hellebrin found in Rhizome
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Rhizome
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Rhizome
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Rhizome
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Rhizome
Digitalic
Hellebrin found in Rhizome
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Rhizome
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Rhizome
Narcotic
Helleborin found in Rhizome
Hellebrin found in Rhizome
Perfumery
Aconitic-acid found in Rhizome

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]