Heliotropium europaeum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
barooga-weed caterpillar-weed common heliotrope European heliotrope European turnsole heliotrope hemp-agrimony Wandarrie-curse wild heliotrope

Heliotropium europaeum is a species of heliotrope known by the common names European Heliotrope and European Turnsole. It is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but it is widely naturalized elsewhere, such as in Australia and North America. It grows as a roadside weed in some places. This is an annual herb growing from a taproot and reaching maximum heights near 40 centimeters. The stem and oval-shaped leaves are covered in soft hairs. The inflorescences are coiled spikes of white flowers with fuzzy or bristly sepals. Each flower is just a few millimeters wide. The fruit is a bumpy nutlet.

Heliotropium europaeum

Medical use

Economic importance of Heliotropium europaeum

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Israel; Jordan; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Naturalized
    • China: China - Gansu , Xinjiang
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

Biological activities

Anticholinergic
Europine found in Plant (140 ppm)
Supinine found in Shoot
Antileukemic
Heliotrine found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Antineuromuscular
Heliotrine found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Antitumor
Heliotrine found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Supinine found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
Heliotrine found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Europine found in Plant (140 ppm)
Heliosupine found in Plant
Heliotridine found in Shoot
Heliotrine found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Supinine found in Shoot
Hypotensive
Heliotrine found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Mutagenic
Heliotrine found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Supinine found in Shoot
Respiroparalytic
Heliotrine found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Sedative
Angelic-acid found in Shoot
Teratogenic
Heliotrine found in Shoot (270 ppm)
Uterocontractant
Heliosupine found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Acetyllasiocarpine Plant
Angelic-acid Shoot
Cynoglossine Seed
Echinatine Plant
Europine Plant 140
Europine-n-oxide Plant 4,000
Fat Seed 238,000
Heleurine Plant
Heleurine-n-oxide Plant 1,100
Heliosupine Plant
Heliotridine Shoot
Heliotridine-n-oxide Shoot 7,400
Heliotrine Shoot 270
Isoheliotrine Plant
Lasiotropine Plant
Lasiotropine-n-oxide Shoot 3,600
Octadecatetraenoic-acid Root
Protein Seed 209,000
Retronecine Plant
Supinidine? Plant
Supinine Shoot
Supinine-n-oxide Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]