Hedera helix Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common ivy English ivy Italian ivy ivy poet's ivy yellow-berry ivy

Hedera helix is a species of flowering plant in the family Araliaceae, native to most of Europe and western Asia. A rampant, clinging evergreen vine, it is a familiar sight in gardens, waste spaces, on house walls, tree trunks and in wild areas across its native habitat. It is labeled as an invasive species in a number of areas where it has been introduced.

Hedera helix

Medical use

Economic importance of Hedera helix

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Stem
ACE-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Stem
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Allelopathic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Emetine found in Plant
Hederagenin found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Amebicide
Emetine found in Plant
Analgesic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Stem
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Rutin found in Stem
Antiallergic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Stem
Antiarrhythmic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Stem
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Antibacterial
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Rutin found in Stem
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hederagenin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Anticarcinogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Emetine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Anticholinergic
Scopolin found in Plant
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Stem
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Antidysenteric
Emetine found in Plant
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Antiedemic
Hederagenin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Stem
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Rutin found in Stem
Antifertility
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Hederagenin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Stem
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Stem
Antihemolytic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Stem
Antihepatotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Antiherpetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Antihistaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Rutin found in Stem
Antihypercholesterolemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Rutin found in Stem
Antihyperthyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Emetine found in Plant
Hederagenin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Rutin found in Stem
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Emetine found in Plant
Antileukemic
Emetine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Emetine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Antimelanogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Stem
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Stem
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Rutin found in Stem
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Rutin found in Stem
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Stem
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Emetine found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Beta-elemene found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Antiproteinigenic
Emetine found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Stem
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Stem
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Rutin found in Stem
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Antisunburn
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Stem
Antithyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Antitrypanosomic
Alpha-hederin found in Leaf
Hederagenin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Antitubercular
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Rutin found in Stem
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Emetine found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Antiulcer
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Antivaccinia
Emetine found in Plant
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Stem
Antiviral
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Emetine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Bronchorelaxant
Scopolin found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Scopolin found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Cancerostatic
Alpha-hederin found in Leaf
Candidicide
Alpha-hederin found in Leaf
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Stem
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Emetine found in Plant
Catabolic
Rutin found in Stem
Chemopreventive
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Cholagogue
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Clastogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Stem
Cytotoxic
Emetine found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
DNA-Inhibitor
Emetine found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Emetine found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Emetine found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Diuretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Emetic
Emetine found in Plant
Expectorant
Emetine found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-hederin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Emetine found in Plant
Falcarinone found in Stem
Hederagenin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
HIF-1-Inhibitor
Emetine found in Plant
Hemolytic
Alpha-hederin found in Leaf
Beta-hederin found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Rutin found in Stem
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Stem
Hepatoprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Rutin found in Stem
Hypoglycemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Emetine found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Immunostimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Emetine found in Plant
Insecticide
Rutin found in Stem
Insectifuge
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Rutin found in Stem
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Microphagocytogenic
Emetine found in Plant
Molluscicide
Hederagenin found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Stem
Mycobactericide
Malic-acid found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Stem
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Stem
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Emetine found in Plant
Occuloirritant
Emetine found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Stem
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-hederin found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Emetine found in Plant
Falcarinone found in Stem
Hederagenin found in Leaf
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Malic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Rutin found in Stem
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
Falcarinone found in Stem
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (45630 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (70200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Protisticide
Emetine found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Purgative
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Stem
Secretolytic
Emetine found in Plant
Sedative
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (17550 ppm)
Sunscreen
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Stem
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Tachycardic
Emetine found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Stem
Rutin found in Stem
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Rutin found in Stem
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Stem
Vermicide
Emetine found in Plant
Vesicant
Emetine found in Plant
Vulnerary
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Stem

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-hederin Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf
Arabinose Leaf
Beta-elemene Leaf
Beta-hederin Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid Plant
D-galactose Fruit
Elixen Plant
Emetine Plant
Falcarinone Stem
Fat Seed 351,000
Germacrene-b Plant
Hederacosides Plant
Hederagenin Leaf
Isochlorogenic-acid Plant
Isoquercitrin Stem
Kaempferol-3-rhamnoglucoside Twig
Linoleic-acid Seed 45,630
Malic-acid Plant
Oleanolic-acid Leaf
Oleic-acid Seed 70,200
P-coumaric-acid Plant
Palmitic-acid Seed 17,550
Petroselenic-acid Seed
Polyacetylenes Plant
Protein Seed 162,000
Resin Plant
Rhamnose Leaf
Rutin Stem
Scopolin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]