Harpagophytum procumbens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
devil's-claw grappleplant
Harpagophytum procumbens

Medical use

Economic importance of Harpagophytum procumbens

Medicines source of harpagoside

Gallery

Harpagophytum procumbens Harpagophytum procumbens Harpagophytum procumbens Harpagophytum procumbens Harpagophytum procumbens Harpagophytum procumbens Harpagophytum procumbens Harpagophytum procumbens Harpagophytum procumbens Harpagophytum procumbens

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Free State, Limpopo, North West, Northern Cape

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Stearic-acid found in Tuber
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
ACE-Inhibitor
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root (2500 ppm);found in Tuber
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Acetoside found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Daucosterol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Harpagide found in Root (546.7 ppm);found in Tuber
Harpagoside found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Tuber ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Anesthetic
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Root
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiacid
Glycine found in Root
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Tin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Root (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (290 ppm);found in Root (290 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Root
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Root
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (290 ppm);found in Root (290 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Harpagoside found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Tuber ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Silicon found in Root (4.3 ppm);found in Root (4.3 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Harpagide found in Root (546.7 ppm);found in Tuber
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Squalene found in Tuber
Tin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Root (24 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (290 ppm);found in Root (290 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (290 ppm);found in Root (290 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Glucose found in Root (2500 ppm);found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Glycine found in Root
Leucine found in Root
Valine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Fructose found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Tuber
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Glucose found in Root (2500 ppm);found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Lysine found in Root
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Harpagide found in Root (546.7 ppm);found in Tuber
Harpagoside found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Tuber ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferide found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
N-hentriacontane found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Tuber
Glucose found in Root (2500 ppm);found in Tuber
Antileishmanic
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Daucosterol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (290 ppm);found in Root (290 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Root (160 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferide found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
N-nonacosane found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Tuber
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antinociceptive
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root (4.3 ppm);found in Root (4.3 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (707 ppm);found in Root (707 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (4.3 ppm);found in Root (4.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Root (60 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Campesterol found in Tuber
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Histidine found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Riboflavin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Squalene found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Root
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antisickling
Glycine found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Root
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (939 ppm);found in Root (939 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Daucosterol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antistaph
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Daucosterol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Squalene found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Glycine found in Root
Histidine found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Root
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (939 ppm);found in Root (939 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root (2500 ppm);found in Tuber
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Root
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (707 ppm);found in Root (707 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferide found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Bacteristat
N-hexacosane found in Tuber
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Harpagide found in Root (546.7 ppm);found in Tuber
Harpagoside found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Tuber ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem ;found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Root (60 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Glycine found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Riboflavin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Serine found in Root (450 ppm)
Squalene found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (939 ppm);found in Root (939 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (4.3 ppm);found in Root (4.3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Squalene found in Tuber
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cosmetic
N-hentriacontane found in Tuber
Stearic-acid found in Tuber
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Diuretic
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
N-hentriacontane found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (939 ppm);found in Root (939 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Root
Leucine found in Root
Lysine found in Root
Valine found in Root
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
FLavor
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Stearic-acid found in Tuber
Valine found in Root
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Root (24000 ppm);found in Tuber
Stachyose found in Root (460000 ppm);found in Tuber
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root (2500 ppm);found in Tuber
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (718 ppm);found in Root (718 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Campesterol found in Tuber
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Stearic-acid found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Manganese found in Root (7.7 ppm);found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Phosphorus found in Root (707 ppm);found in Root (707 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Squalene found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Fructose found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Squalene found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Stearic-acid found in Tuber
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root (2500 ppm);found in Tuber
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Root
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Myorelaxant
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Tuber
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (160 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Root
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (707 ppm);found in Root (707 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Oxidant
Alanine found in Root (60 ppm)
Histidine found in Root
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
PKC-Inhibitor
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Squalene found in Tuber
Stearic-acid found in Tuber
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (939 ppm);found in Root (939 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
N-hexacosane found in Tuber
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Squalene found in Tuber
Tin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Root (24 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Phytoalexin
Verbascoside found in Plant ;found in Root
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Preservative
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Iron found in Root (290 ppm);found in Root (290 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Tuber
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Stearic-acid found in Tuber
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferide found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (160 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Stigmasterol found in Tuber
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Tuber
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Stomachic
Iridoids found in Leaf ;found in Root (30000 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Squalene found in Tuber
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Tuber
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Fructose found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Tuber
Galactose found in Plant ;found in Root (3600 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Root (24 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferide found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Fisetin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Root
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Tuber
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Root (840 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (6060 ppm);found in Root (6060 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Root (5440 ppm);found in Root (5440 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9910 ppm);found in Root (9910 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Ursolic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root ;found in Tuber
Sucrose found in Root (27300 ppm);found in Tuber
Zinc found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root ;found in Tuber
Luteolin found in Root ;found in Tuber

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-methoxy-benzyl alcohol Tuber
3-beta-acetyl-oleanolic acid Root
4-methoxy-benzyl alcohol Tuber
6'-o-(p-coumaroyl)-procumbide Plant
Root 31.3
8-o(p-coumaroyl)-harpagide Plant
Root 184
8-p-coumaroyl-harpagide Tuber
Acetoside Root
Alanine Root 60
Aluminum Root 939
Root 178 939
Arginine Root 840
Ascorbic-acid Root
Ash Root 13,490 71,000
Aspartic-acid Root 160
Beta-(3'-4'-dihydroxy-phenyl)-ethyl-o-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl(1-3)beta-d-glucopyranoside Root
Beta-carotene Root
Beta-sitosterol Tuber
Bioside Root
Caffeic-acid Root
Calcium Root 1,151 6,060
Root 6,060
Campesterol Tuber
Campesterol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Tuber
Charpagoside Root
Chlorogenic-acid Root
Tuber
Chromium Root 1.2
Root 0.2 1.2
Cinnamic-acid Root
Tuber
Cinnamic-acid-ester Root
Cobalt Root 14.5
Root 3 14.5
Daucosterol Root
Tuber
Fat Root 4,750 25,000
Fiber(crude) Root 110,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 420,000
Fisetin Root
Tuber
Fructose Root 2,700
Tuber
Galactose Plant
Root 3,600
Glucose Root 2,500
Tuber
Glutamic-acid Root
Glycine Root
Harpagide Root 546.7
Tuber
Harpagogenin Plant
Tuber
Harpagoquinone Root
Tuber
Harpagoside Flower
Fruit
Tuber
Tissue Culture
Stem
Root 1,000 30,000
Leaf
Harpaquinone Root
Histidine Root
Iridoids Leaf
Root 1,000 30,000
Iron Root 290
Root 55 290
Isoacetoside Root
Isoverbascoside Root
Kaempferide Tuber
Kaempferol Root
Tuber
Kaempferol-glucosides Root
Leucine Root
Linoleic-acid Tuber
Luteolin Root
Tuber
Luteolin-glucosides Root
Lysine Root
Magnesium Root 5,440
Root 1,034 5,440
Manganese Root 7.7
Root 2 7.7
Myo-inositol Plant
Root
N-alkanes Root
N-docosane Tuber
N-dotriacontane Tuber
N-heneicosane Tuber
N-hentriacontane Tuber
N-heptacosane Tuber
N-hexacosane Tuber
N-nonacosane Tuber
N-octacosane Tuber
N-pentacosane Tuber
N-tetracosane Tuber
N-triacontane Tuber
N-tricosane Tuber
Niacin Root 15 79
Oleanolic-acid Root
Tuber
Oleanolic-acid-acetate Tuber
Oleic-acid Tuber
Palmitic-acid Tuber
Phenylalanine Root
Phosphorus Root 707
Root 134 707
Potassium Root 9,910
Root 1,883 9,910
Procumbide Root 60 210
Tuber
Procumbide-6'-o-p-coumaroyl-ester Root
Procumboside Plant
Root 28
Proline Root
Protein Root 102,000
Root 19,380 102,000
Raffinose Root 3,000 24,000
Tuber
Riboflavin Root
Selenium Root 1.5
Root 0.3 1.5
Serine Root 450
Silicon Root 4.3
Root 0.8 4.3
Sodium Root 718
Root 136 718
Squalene Tuber
Stachyose Root 6,000 460,000
Tuber
Stearic-acid Tuber
Sterols Root
Stigmasterol Tuber
Stigmasterol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Root
Tuber
Sucrose Root 27,300
Tuber
Sugars Root 11,400 60,000
Thiamine Root
Tin Root 24
Root 5 24
Ursolic acid acetate Tuber
Ursolic-acid Root
Tuber
Valine Root
Verbascoside Plant
Root
Water Root 792,000
Root 810,000
Zinc Root 1.8
Root 0.3 1.8
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]