Geranium maculatum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
spotted geranium wild geranium

Geranium maculatum, the spotted geranium, wood geranium, or wild geranium is a woodland perennial plant native to eastern North America, from southern Manitoba and southwestern Quebec south to Alabama and Georgia and west to Oklahoma and South Dakota. It is known as Spotted Cranesbill or Wild Cranesbill in Europe, but the Wood Cranesbill is another plant, the related G. sylvatium. Colloquial names are Alum Root, Alum Bloom and Old Maid's Nightcap. It grows in dry to moist woods and is normally abundant when found. It is a perennial herbaceous plant growing to 60 cm tall, producing upright usually unbranched stems and flowers in spring to early summer. The leaves are palmately lobed with five or seven deeply cut lobes, 10–12.5 cm broad, with a petiole up to 30 cm long arising from the rootstock. They are deeply parted into three or five divisions, each of which is again cleft and toothed. The flowers are 2.5–4 cm diameter, with five rose-purple, pale or violet-purple petals and ten stamens; they appear from April to June in loose clusters of two to five at the top of the stems.

Geranium maculatum

Medical use

Economic importance of Geranium maculatum

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum Geranium maculatum

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario , Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska , North Dakota , Oklahoma , South Dakota , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Root
AntiHIV
Gallic-acid found in Root
AntiMRSA
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Antiadenovirus
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Antiallergenic
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Antianaphylactic
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Antiangiogenic
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Antiasthmatic
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Antibacterial
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Antibronchitic
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Anticancer
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Anticarcinomic
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Antiescherichic
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Antifibrinolytic
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Antiflu
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Antihepatotoxic
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Antiherpetic
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Antiinflammatory
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Antileishmanic
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Antimutagenic
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Antinitrosaminic
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Antioxidant
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Antiperiodontitic
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Antiperoxidant
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Antipolio
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Antiproteolytic
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Antiradicular
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Antiseptic
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Antistaphylococcic
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Antitumor-Promoter
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Antitumor
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Antiviral
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Apoptotic
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Astringent
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Bacteristat
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Bronchodilator
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Cancer-Preventive
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Candidicide
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Carcinogenic
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Choleretic
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Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
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Cytotoxic
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Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Hemostat
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Hepatoprotective
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Immunomodulator
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Immunostimulant
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Immunosuppressant
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Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
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Laxative
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Myorelaxant
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NO-Inhibitor
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Nephrotoxic
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Pesticide
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Styptic
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Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Calcium-oxalate Plant
Gallic-acid Root
Gum Plant
Resin Plant
Tannins Root 100,000 280,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]