Gentiana lutea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
great yellow gentian yellow gentian

Gentiana lutea is a species of gentian native to the mountains of central and southern Europe. Other names include 'yellow gentian', 'bitter root', 'bitterwort', 'centiyane' and 'genciana'.

Gentiana lutea

Medical use

Economic importance of Gentiana lutea

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea Gentiana lutea

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Germany ; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (160000 ppm)
Acaricide
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Allelochemic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Syringic-acid found in Root
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anesthetic
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Tannin found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Root
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Tin found in Root (40 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (37 ppm);found in Root (37 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (37 ppm);found in Root (37 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antibacillus
Sweroside found in Root
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Gentisein found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Sweroside found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Tin found in Root (40 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (37 ppm);found in Root (37 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (37 ppm);found in Root (37 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Mangiferin found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Gentiopicroside found in Root (35000 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Sweroside found in Root
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antifeedant
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihepatotic
Mangiferin found in Plant
Sweroside found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Mangiferin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Mangiferin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Root
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Gentiopicroside found in Root (35000 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antiischemic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Amarogentin found in Root (3300 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antimalarial
Gentiopicrin found in Root (35000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Antimange
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antimeningitic
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (37 ppm);found in Root (37 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (160000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Root (2700 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Root
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Syringic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Syringic-acid found in Root
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiplaque
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Sweroside found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antishigellic
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (291 ppm);found in Root (291 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Sweroside found in Root
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antithyrotoxic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antitubercular
Gentisein found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antitussive
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Root
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (291 ppm);found in Root (291 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
Mangiferin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Root (2700 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Apertif
Amarogentin found in Root (3300 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Artemicide
Sweroside found in Root
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Ataractic
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Essential Oil
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (291 ppm);found in Root (291 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Candidistat
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Cardiotonic
Mangiferin found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gentiopicroside found in Root (35000 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Plant
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Swertiamarin found in Root
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Corticosterogenic
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Tannin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Demulcent
Pectin found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Plant
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Emetic
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (160000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (291 ppm);found in Root (291 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Expectorant
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Inulin found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
FLavor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Root
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Gentiopicrin found in Root (35000 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Gentiopicroside found in Root (35000 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Hemostat
Pectin found in Root
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Amarogentin found in Root (3300 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Sweroside found in Root
Swertiamarin found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Herbicide
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Histaminic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Root
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (41 ppm);found in Root (41 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Phytosterols found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Manganese found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Inulin found in Root
Mangiferin found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Root (2700 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Irritant
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Gentiopicrin found in Root (35000 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Isogentisin found in Root (380 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Root
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Mutagenic
Gentisin found in Root (380 ppm)
Isogentisin found in Root (380 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (2700 ppm);found in Root (2700 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Pancreatic
Swertiamarin found in Root
Perfumery
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Pesticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Aluminum found in Root (291 ppm);found in Root (291 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Gentiopicrin found in Root (35000 ppm)
Gentisein found in Root
Gentisic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
Mangiferin found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Sweroside found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Tin found in Root (40 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Phytotoxic
Gentisin found in Root (380 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (160000 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root
Preservative
Sucrose found in Root
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Iron found in Root (37 ppm);found in Root (37 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Sedative
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gentianine found in Root (8000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Sialogogue
Amarogentin found in Root (3300 ppm)
Swertiamarin found in Root
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Root
T-Cell-Stimulant
Mangiferin found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Root
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (40 ppm);found in Root (40 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Amarogentin found in Root (3300 ppm)
Topoisomerase-Inhibitor
Amarogentin found in Root (3300 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (346800 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Essential Oil
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (39 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root
Syringic-acid found in Root
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (8140 ppm);found in Root (8140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2740 ppm);found in Root (2740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (61 ppm);found in Root (61 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (8770 ppm);found in Root (8770 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Essential Oil
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (183 ppm);found in Root (183 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.9 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Plant

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,3,7-trimethoxyxanthone Root
1-hydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyxanthone Root
1-o-primverosyl-7-oxy-3-methoxyxanthone Root
2,3',4,6-tetrahydroxybenzophenone Root
7-o-primverosyl-1-oxy-3-methoxyxanthone Root
Alpha-terpineol Essential Oil
Aluminum Root 291
Root 64 291
Amarogentin Root 100 3,300
Ascorbic-acid Root 183
Root 40 183
Ash Root 18,040 82,000
Root 82,000
Beta-amyrin Root
Beta-carotene Root 9 39
Caffeic-acid Root
Calcium Root 8,140
Root 1,791 8,140
Carvacrol Essential Oil
Chromium Root 1.3
Root 0.3 1.3
Cis-linalyl-oxide Plant
Cobalt Root 0.3 1.4
Root 1.4
Fat Root 2,860 13,000
Seed 260,000
Fiber(crude) Root 120,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 420,000
Gentialutine Root
Gentiamarin Root
Gentianine Root 6,000 8,000
Gentianose Root
Gentiin Root
Gentiobiose Root 50,000 80,000
Gentiodise Root
Gentioflavoside Root
Gentiopicrin Root 11,400 35,000
Gentiopicroside Root 11,400 35,000
Gentioside Root
Gentisein Root
Gentisic-acid Root
Gentisin Root 380
Inulin Root
Iron Root 8 37
Root 37
Isogentisin Root 380
Limonene Essential Oil 346,800
Linalool Essential Oil
Lupeol Root
Magnesium Root 2,740
Root 603 2,740
Manganese Root 2.3
Root 0.5 2.3
Mangiferin Plant
Niacin Root 61
Root 13 61
Nicotinic-acid Root
Nicotinic-acid-amide Root
Oxycinnamic-acid Root
Pectin Root
Phosphorus Root 2,700
Root 594 2,700
Phytosterols Root
Potassium Root 8,770
Root 1,929 8,770
Protein Root 138,000
Seed 310,000
Root 30,360 138,000
Protocatechuic-acid Root
Riboflavin Root 2.1
Root 0.5 2.1
Saccharose Root
Seco-iridoids Root
Selenium Root 1.8
Root 0.4 1.8
Silicon Root
Sinapic-acid Root
Sodium Root 9 41
Root 41
Starch Root 35,200 160,000
Sucrose Root
Sugars Root 22,000 100,000
Sweroside Root
Swertiamarin Root
Syringic-acid Root
Tannin Plant
Thiamin Root 4.8
Thiamine Root 2 7.8
Tin Root 40
Root 9 40
Water Root 834,000
Root 780,000
Zinc Root 2.9
Root 0.6 2.9
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]