Genipa americana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
genip genipap marmalade-box

Genipa americana is a species of Genipa, native to northern South America, the Caribbean and southern Mexico, growing in rainforests. It is commonly called Genipapo or Huito; the alternate name Jagua may refer to other species of Genipa as well. To the Inca, it was known as hawa or wituq. In the British islands of the West Indies, it was called the marmalade box. It is a small tree growing to 15 m tall. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate to oblong, 20–35 cm long and 10–19 cm broad, glossy dark green, with an entire margin. The flowers are white, yellow or red, with a five-lobed corolla 5–6 cm diameter. The fruit is a thick-skinned edible berry 5–8 cm diameter. A number of varieties and forms have been described: Genipa americana var. americana Genipa americana var. caruto K.Schum. Genipa americana var. riobranquensis Kuhlm. Genipa americana f. grandifolia Chodat & Hassl. Genipa americana f. jorgensenii Steyerm. Genipa americana f. parvifolia Chodat & Hassl. The leaves are a food source for the caterpillars of the Fadus Sphinx Moth.

Genipa americana

Medical use

Economic importance of Genipa americana

Human food potential as beverage base potential as fruit
Materials wod

Gallery

Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana Genipa americana

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Malesia: Philippines
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Cuba; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Paraguay

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Adenosine-Antagonist
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Algistat
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Analeptic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Analgesic-Synergist
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (15 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Fruit
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
AntiEBV
Genipin found in Fruit
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antiacne
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (160 ppm);found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Iron found in Fruit (160 ppm);found in Seed (100 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antiapneic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antiapoptotic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Geniposide found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Anticancer
Tannin found in Fruit
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (160 ppm);found in Seed (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (160 ppm);found in Seed (100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Geniposide found in Leaf
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Genipin found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Fruit
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Fruit
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiemetic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antifeedant
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antihypotensive
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Fruit
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (160 ppm);found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Geniposide found in Leaf
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Fruit
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antinarcotic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Fruit
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Fruit
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (15 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (15 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Geniposide found in Leaf
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Fruit
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiserotonergic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antitubercular
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Genipin found in Fruit
Geniposide found in Leaf
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Fruit
Antitumor
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Arrhythmigenic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Bacteristat
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Fruit
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Catabolic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Cathartic
Geniposide found in Leaf
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Fruit
Chemopreventive
Genipin found in Fruit
Choleretic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Genipin found in Fruit
Geniposide found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Coronary-Dilator
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Fruit
Deodorant
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Energizer
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Ergotamine-Enhancer
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (15 ppm)
FLavor
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Fungistat
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Fruit
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Geniposide found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Herbicide
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Hypertensive
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Sodium found in Fruit (250 ppm);found in Seed (165 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Insecticide
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Genipin found in Fruit
Geniposide found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Fruit
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Lypolytic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Fruit
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Fruit
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Geniposide found in Leaf
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Fruit (160 ppm);found in Seed (100 ppm)
Protististat
Geniposidic-acid found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Fruit
Pyrogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Seed
Sedative
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Fruit (6300 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Stimulant
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Tachycardic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Teratogenic
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3700 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (290000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2900 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (15 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (22900 ppm);found in Seed (9400 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (14 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Fruit
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Seed (22500 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Fruit 4 20
Seed 20
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 330 1,020
Ash Fruit 2,000 37,000
Boron Fruit 14
Seed 15
Caffeine Seed 22,500
Calcium Fruit 400 3,700
Seed 900
Carbohydrates Fruit 112,000 793,200
Copper Fruit 1
Seed
D-mannitol Seed 2,200
Fat Fruit 3,000 9,250
Fiber Fruit 290,000
Genipic-acid Fruit
Genipin Fruit
Genipinic-acid Fruit
Geniposide Leaf
Geniposidic-acid Leaf
Glycerides? Fruit 257,000 793,200
Iron Fruit 10 160
Seed 100
Kilocalories Fruit 1,130 3,485
Magnesium Fruit 250 2,900
Seed 1,500
Malic-acid Fruit 6,300
Manganese Fruit 1
Seed 6
Niacin Fruit 5 15
Nitrogen Fruit 13,900
Seed 11,100
Phosphorus Fruit 580 3,000
Potassium Fruit 22,900
Seed 9,400
Protein Fruit 5,000 160,500
Riboflavin Fruit 0.4 1.2
Sodium Fruit 50 250
Seed 165
Sugars Fruit 43,000 132,000
Sulfur Fruit 140 2,000
Seed 1,300
Tannin Fruit
Thiamin Fruit 0.4 1.2
Water Fruit 676,000
Zinc Fruit 3 14
Seed 16
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]