Gaultheria procumbens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
checkerberry creeping wintergreen mountain-tea teaberry wintergreen

Gaultheria procumbens is a species of Gaultheria native to northeastern North America from Newfoundland west to southeastern Manitoba, and south to Alabama. It is a member of the Ericaceae.

Gaultheria procumbens

Medical use

Economic importance of Gaultheria procumbens

Food additives flavoring
Medicines source of methyl salicylate

Gallery

Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois , Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Arbutin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Arbutin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Arbutin found in Leaf
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gaultherin found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Shoot
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Arbutin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiobesity
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Campesterol found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Shoot
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antirhinitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ericolin found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antisickling
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Arbutin found in Leaf
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antitussive
Arbutin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Shoot
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Shoot
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Artemicide
Arbutin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Arbutin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Carminative
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Detoxicant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arbutin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ericolin found in Leaf
Gaultherin found in Leaf (1450 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Emetic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
FLavor
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Shoot
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Campesterol found in Shoot
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Lupeol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Insectiphile
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Arbutin found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Laxative
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Mycoplasmistat
Arbutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Perfumery
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
Pesticide
Arbutin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ericolin found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Shoot
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (7920 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Piscicide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Arbutin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Shoot
Urinary-Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Leaf
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]