Gastrodia elata Health effects and herbal facts

Gastrodia elata is a saprophytic perennial herb of the Orchidaceae family. It is found in Nepal, Bhutan, India, Japan, North Korea, Siberia, Taiwan as well as mainland China grow at elevations of 400–3200 meters at the edge of forest. The herb is used in Traditional Chinese medicine and Sichuan cuisine. It is one of the three orchids listed in the earliest known Chinese Materia Medica. Medicinally, it is used for 'calming the liver'and for treating headaches, dizziness, tetanus, and epilepsy. According to "Nutrition Review," "Gastrodia root has been shown to exert novel pain relief and inflammatory-mediating activities, as well as in vivo and in vitro inhibitory activity on nitric oxide production.

Gastrodia elata

Medical use

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Anhui, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Allelochemic
4-hydroxybenzaldehyde found in Tuber (270 ppm)
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Allergenic
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Analgesic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.07 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Anticancer
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Anticanker
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticataract
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antifatigue
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antilepric
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Antioxidant
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antipolio
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiradicular
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiseptic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Vanillyl-alcohol found in Tuber
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antitumor
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antiulcer
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiviral
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Antiyeast
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Bacteristat
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
4-hydroxybenzaldehyde found in Tuber (270 ppm)
Mucilage found in Rhizome
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Candidicide
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Choleretic
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Vanillyl-alcohol found in Tuber
Collagenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Rhizome
Deodorant
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
FLavor
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Fungicide
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Rhizome (228 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Mucilage found in Rhizome
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Irritant
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Laxative
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Rhizome (0.01 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Perfumery
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Vanillyl-alcohol found in Tuber
Pesticide
4-hydroxybenzaldehyde found in Tuber (270 ppm)
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.07 ppm)
Vanillin found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Rhizome (2140 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (12900 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
4-(4'-hydroxybenzyloxy)-benzyl-methyl-ether Tuber 27
4-beta-d-glucopyranosyloxybenzyl-alcohol Tuber 1,460
4-hydroxybenzaldehyde Tuber 270
4-hydroxybenzyl-alcohol Tuber 210
4-hydroxybenzyl-methyl-ether Tuber 54
Arsenic Rhizome 0.07
Bis-(4-hydroxybanzyl)-ether Tuber 39
Calcium Rhizome 2,140
Copper Rhizome 4
Gastrodioside Tuber 26
Iron Rhizome 40
Magnesium Rhizome 590
Manganese Rhizome 26
Mercury Rhizome 0.01
Mucilage Rhizome
Parishin Tuber 410
Potassium Rhizome 12,900
Sodium Rhizome 228
Vanillin Rhizome
Vanillyl-alcohol Tuber
Zinc Rhizome 12
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]