Galeopsis tetrahit Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common hemp-nettle hemp-nettle

Galeopsis tetrahit is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to Europe and northwestern Asia. It is a herbaceous annual plant growing to 1 m tall; it is a pioneer species and thrives on disturbed sites or roadsides. The plant looks like mint but is taller. The stems have reflexed hairs and swollen nodes. In cross section, the stem is square. The leaves are rhombic to elliptic, with coarsely to bluntly serrate edges. The flowers are multicoloured, with purple, pink, or white areas; diminutive, bilateral and snapdragon-like. The species is considered by some authorities to have arisen as a natural hybrid between Galeopsis pubescens and Galeopsis speciosa.

Galeopsis tetrahit

Medical use

Economic importance of Galeopsis tetrahit

Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit Galeopsis tetrahit

Geografical distribution

  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Allergenic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antiacne
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antibacterial
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (128 ppm)
Antifeedant
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (128 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (128 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (128 ppm)
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (128 ppm)
Candidicide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Carminative
Copaene found in Shoot (5 ppm)
FLavor
3-octanol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Fungicide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (128 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Insecticide
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (128 ppm)
Insectifuge
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Irritant
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Perfumery
3-octanol found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Pesticide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot (128 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (22 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (22 ppm)
Sedative
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (40 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3-octanol Shoot 4
Alpha-humulene Shoot 6
Caryophyllene Shoot 40
Caryophyllene-oxide Shoot 128
Copaene Shoot 5
Eo Shoot 400
Galiroside Plant
Germacrene-d Shoot 22
Gluroside Plant
Linalol Shoot 12
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]