Galega officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
galega goat's-rue

Galega officinalis, commonly known as galega, goat's rue, French lilac, Italian fitch, or professor-weed, is an herbaceous plant in the Faboideae subfamily. It is native to the Middle East, but it has been naturalized in Europe, western Asia, and western Pakistan. The plant has been extensively cultivated as a forage crop, an ornamental, a bee plant and as green manure. However, the plant has proved too toxic for widespread agricultural use, with the potential to induce tracheal frothing, pulmonary oedema, hydrothorax, hypotension, paralysis and death. Its name derives from gale and ega, as Galega has been used as a galactogogue in small domestic animals. Galega bicolor is a synonym. It is a hardy perennial that blooms in the summer months. G. officinalis is used as a food plant by the larva of Coleophora vicinella, a species of moth.

Galega officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Galega officinalis

Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Animal food forage
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis Galega officinalis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
ACE-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Flower
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Abortifacient
Vasicine found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Shoot (3500 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Daucosterol found in Shoot (260 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Allergenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Anthelmintic
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Shoot
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Shoot
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiacne
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiaging
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiarrhythmic
Quercitrin found in Flower
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiasthenic
Citrulline found in Seed
Antiasthmatic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antibacterial
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Shoot
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antidandruff
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Shoot
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antidiabetic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Galegine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiedemic
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antifatigue
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Flower
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Flower
Antihepatotic
Citrulline found in Seed
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antiinflammatory
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antileukemic
Daucosterol found in Shoot (260 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimitochondrial
Galegine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Saponins found in Flower
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiobesity
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antioxidant
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipeptic
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipsoriac
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiradicular
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiseptic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Antispasmodic
Daucosterol found in Shoot (260 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Shoot
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitumor
Daucosterol found in Shoot (260 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiulcer
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Medicagol found in Shoot (2.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiviral
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Shoot
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Shoot
Bronchoconstrictor
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Quercitrin found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Shoot
Cancer-Preventive
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Candidicide
Quercetin found in Shoot
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Flower
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Shoot
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Cholinergic
Deoxyvasicinone found in Seed (3 ppm);found in Shoot (11.3 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Detoxicant
Quercitrin found in Flower
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Shoot
Diuretic
Citrulline found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Dye
Quercitrin found in Flower
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Expectorant
Vasicine found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Shoot (3500 ppm)
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Medicagol found in Shoot (2.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Flower
Hypocholesterolemic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Hypoglycemic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Shoot (260 ppm)
Galegine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Hypotensive
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Immunomodulator
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Saponins found in Flower
Immunostimulant
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Insecticide
Rutin found in Shoot
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Keratolytic
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Shoot
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Shoot
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Shoot
Oxytocic
Vasicine found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Shoot (3500 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Shoot
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Flower
Pesticide
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Medicagol found in Shoot (2.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Shoot
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Respirastimulant
Vasicinone found in Seed (9.3 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Sunscreen
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Suppurative
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Toxic
Galegine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Shoot
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Allantoin found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Shoot
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxy-flavanone Seed
2,3',4,4',6-pentahydroxy-dibenzoylmethane Seed
2,3-(alpha-hydroxy-trimethylene)-quinazol-4-one Shoot
3-o-(beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(1,2)-beta-d-glucuronopyranosyl)-soyasapogenol-b Shoot 113
4-hydroxygalegine Seed
Shoot
Allantoin Shoot 3.7
Chromium Leaf 3.7
Citrulline Seed
Daucosterol Shoot 260
Dearabinosyl-pneumanthoside Shoot 1.4
Deoxyvasicine Seed 12
Shoot 6.5
Deoxyvasicinone Seed 3
Shoot 11.3
Flavonoids Flower
Galegin Shoot
Galegine Plant 3,000 5,000
Shoot
Sprout Seedling
Seed
Galuteolin Seed
Hydroxygalegine Leaf
Shoot
Kaempferol Shoot
Medicagol Shoot 2.4
Medicagol-methyl-ether Shoot 0.1
Peganine Leaf
Quercetin Shoot
Quercitrin Flower
Rutin Shoot
Saponins Flower
Tannins Flower
Vasicine Seed 300
Shoot 3,500
Vasicinone Seed 9.3
Shoot 300
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]