Foeniculum vulgare Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
aniseed-weed bitter fennel common fennel fennel Florence fennel Roman fennel sweet fennel
Foeniculum vulgare

Medical use

Economic importance of Foeniculum vulgare

Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare Foeniculum vulgare

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Georgia
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Seed
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Seed
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Abortifacient
Apiole found in Seed
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Seed
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Seed
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Seed
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (2435 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Cynaroside found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Guaijaverin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Juglanin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Plant (230 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillin found in Seed
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (540 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
O-coumaric-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citric-acid found in Seed
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Vanillin found in Seed
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Trans-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (865200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (610800 ppm);found in Plant (5550 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (77400 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (412000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (218000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (36 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Trans-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (865200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (610800 ppm);found in Plant (5550 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (77400 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (412000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (218000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7098 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Seed
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Seed
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
D-limonene found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
L-limonene found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Seed (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antiaflatoxin
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Salicylates found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant (270 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm);found in Seed (240 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Antialopecic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Choline found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (270 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm);found in Seed (240 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Seed
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Seed
Antiappetant
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (3631 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (0.4 ppm);found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Seed
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Cis-ocimene found in Seed (600 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citric-acid found in Seed
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Cynarin found in Plant
Dillapiol found in Root Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
O-coumaric-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Sabinene found in Seed (60 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Seed (11 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antibiotic
Avicularin found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Seed
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant (270 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm);found in Seed (240 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Seed
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Plant (270 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm);found in Seed (240 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Seed
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Seed (150000 ppm);found in Seed (24000 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antichoreic
Choline found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Seed
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Anticonvulsant
Bergapten found in Seed
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Seed
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Choline found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7098 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Fumaric-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Seed
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Apiole found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antidyspeptic
Cynarin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4498 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (10037 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Seed
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (32427 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Seed
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Vanillin found in Seed
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Seed
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Plant (230 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Seed
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Trans-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (865200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (610800 ppm);found in Plant (5550 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (77400 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (412000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (218000 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antigout
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Sabinene found in Seed (60 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Seed
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Seed
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Seed
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Seed
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed (2435 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (32427 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Scoparone found in Seed
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Salicylates found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiischemic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Seed
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Seed
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citric-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Seselin found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Seed
Antilipogenic
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Cynarin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Seed
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (32427 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antilymphomic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antimalarial
Apiole found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Antimange
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Antimelanomic
D-limonene found in Seed
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant (270 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm);found in Seed (240 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Seed
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (20111 ppm)
Antimutagenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (8200 ppm);found in Seed (1080 ppm);found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citric-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimycotic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (3631 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Apiole found in Seed
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Plant (230 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Choline found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Seed (0.4 ppm);found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (36 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (5100 ppm);found in Seed (5960 ppm);found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (0.4 ppm);found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (8655 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (540 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Gamma-tocotrienol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Gentisic-acid found in Seed
Histidine found in Seed (3631 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
P-hydroxycinnamic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (230 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Trans-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (865200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (610800 ppm);found in Plant (5550 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (77400 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (412000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (218000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7098 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4498 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (7624 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4498 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Vanillin found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (32427 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (700 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Seed
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antipsoriac
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (5 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Seed
Antipyretic
Apiole found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Salicylates found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiradicular
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Trans-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (865200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (610800 ppm);found in Plant (5550 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (77400 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (412000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (218000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Antireproductive
Apiole found in Seed
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (32427 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Scoparone found in Seed
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Malic-acid found in Seed
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citric-acid found in Seed
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Guaijaverin found in Leaf
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Sabinene found in Seed (60 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7098 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Seed (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Apiole found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Seed (600 ppm)
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Cynarin found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Seed
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Cynarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Seed
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Seed
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
D-limonene found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antitumor
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (5 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil (1600 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citric-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (3631 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Pectin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Sabinene found in Seed (60 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (6604 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4498 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (3631 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Seed (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Seed
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiviral
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Seed
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Antivitiligic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (5 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7098 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Vanillin found in Seed
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (32427 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (5100 ppm);found in Seed (5960 ppm);found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
D-limonene found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteriophagicide
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Vanillin found in Seed
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Bruchifuge
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Seed
Bufocide
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Bergapten found in Seed
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Apiole found in Seed
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Apiole found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cynaroside found in Leaf
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (390 ppm);found in Seed (4018 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Trans-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (865200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (610800 ppm);found in Plant (5550 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (77400 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (412000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (218000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Cancer-Preventive
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (5 ppm)
Alanine found in Seed (8655 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Essential Oil (19000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
D-limonene found in Seed
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Serine found in Seed (9873 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed (4498 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Aluminum found in Seed (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillin found in Seed
Candidistat
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Scoparone found in Seed
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Choline found in Seed
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (3.1 ppm);found in Seed (3.1 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (0.4 ppm);found in Seed (0.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Seed
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Seed
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
D-limonene found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Cynarin found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Quinic-acid found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Cholesterolytic
Cynarin found in Plant
Glycolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Seed
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Seed
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Seed (150000 ppm);found in Seed (24000 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Avicularin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Cynarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Seed
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (390 ppm);found in Seed (4018 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Deliriant
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Seed
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Plant (230 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Differentiator
D-limonene found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Digestive
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Seed
Diuretic
Apiole found in Seed
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Plant
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Glycolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Emmenagogue
Apiole found in Seed
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Seed (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Seed
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (3.1 ppm);found in Seed (3.1 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (3631 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (7624 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (6604 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (10037 ppm)
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (36 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Dianethole found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed (1020 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (540 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (540 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citric-acid found in Seed
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
D-limonene found in Seed
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Seed (150000 ppm);found in Seed (24000 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Fenchyl-alcohol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Fumaric-acid found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Plant (230 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (6604 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (865200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (610800 ppm);found in Plant (5550 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (77400 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (412000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (218000 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (10037 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (5 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (8200 ppm);found in Seed (1080 ppm);found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed (1020 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Cis-ocimene found in Seed (600 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
O-coumaric-acid found in Seed
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Seselin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (230 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Genotoxic
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hallucinogenic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Seed
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Seed
Pectin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (390 ppm);found in Seed (4018 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Seed
Cynarin found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Hepatoregenerative
Cynarin found in Plant
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Cynarin found in Plant
Glycolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Apiole found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Hyperemic
Cynarin found in Plant
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (1980 ppm);found in Seed (710 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Seed
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Cynarin found in Plant
Cynaroside found in Leaf
D-limonene found in Seed
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Pectin found in Seed
Phytosterols found in Seed (700 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Trigonelline found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (4.3 ppm);found in Seed (721 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Salicylates found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Trigonelline found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Cynarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Choline found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (390 ppm);found in Seed (4018 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Cynarin found in Plant
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (5100 ppm);found in Seed (5960 ppm);found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Insecticide-Synergist
Dillapiol found in Root Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (8200 ppm);found in Seed (1080 ppm);found in Plant
Apiole found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
D-limonene found in Seed
Dillapiol found in Root Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (390 ppm);found in Seed (4018 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (540 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
D-limonene found in Seed
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Intoxicant
Apiole found in Seed
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Apiole found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Seed
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Glycolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Seed
Tartaric-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Seed
Cynarin found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Lipotropic
Choline found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Seed
D-limonene found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Melaninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (5 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Melatoninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (5 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (0.5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Mitogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Seed
Dillapiol found in Root Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7098 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4498 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Seed
Mutagenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Trigonelline found in Seed
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Seed
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Seed
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (20111 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (32427 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Seed
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Seed
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (5100 ppm);found in Seed (5960 ppm);found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Seed
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (8655 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (3631 ppm)
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Seed
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
D-limonene found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Seed
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Choline found in Seed
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil (1600 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Essential Oil (19000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed (1020 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Estragole found in Seed Essent. Oil (344000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (64000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Seed (150000 ppm);found in Seed (24000 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Sabinene found in Seed (60 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (230 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillin found in Seed
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (198000 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Aluminum found in Seed (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (8200 ppm);found in Seed (1080 ppm);found in Plant
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Apiole found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (540 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Cynarin found in Plant
D-limonene found in Seed
Dillapiol found in Root Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Seed (342 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm);found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Guaijaverin found in Leaf
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant (390 ppm);found in Seed (4018 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed (2700 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
O-coumaric-acid found in Seed
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Pectin found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Seselin found in Seed
Shikimic-acid found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (230 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (11 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Tin found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Seed (11 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Vanillin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Seed
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Photocarcinogenic
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Photodermatitigenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (5 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Phototoxic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Seed
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed (1 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (270 ppm);found in Seed (21 ppm);found in Seed (240 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (18539 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (108712 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Seed
Protisticide
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Seed
Psychoactive
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Seed
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Seed
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (20111 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (24 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Apiole found in Seed
Fenchone found in Seed Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Seed (150000 ppm);found in Seed (24000 ppm);found in Plant (30 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Dillapiol found in Root Essent. Oil (900000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Dipentene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (340 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Seed
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Malic-acid found in Seed
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Plant (135 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (540 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Seed
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Sweetener
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cynarin found in Plant
Trans-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (865200 ppm);found in Essential Oil (610800 ppm);found in Plant (5550 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Seed (77400 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (412000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (16000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (218000 ppm)
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (680000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (692000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed (800000 ppm);found in Plant
Synergist
Apiole found in Seed
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tachycardic
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Taenicide
Tin found in Seed (11 ppm);found in Seed (11 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Seed Essent. Oil
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Seed (0.002 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Psoralen found in Seed (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Toxic
Cis-anethole found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Scoparone found in Seed
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (12000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (56000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Plant (480 ppm);found in Seed (8820 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Seed (780 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (131000 ppm);found in Seed (9420 ppm);found in Plant (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (578000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (342000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (324400 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7098 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (12000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (300 ppm)
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol found in Essential Oil (2800 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Geraniol found in Essential Oil (800 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (30000 ppm);found in Seed (480 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Trypanocide
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (6300 ppm);found in Plant (60 ppm);found in Seed (2050 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Seed (2775 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Anisaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (8200 ppm);found in Seed (1080 ppm);found in Plant
Anisic-acid found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Seed Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Seed (93 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Plant (241 ppm);found in Seed (1 ppm);found in Seed (0.9 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Seed
Syringic-acid found in Seed
Vanillic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (340 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Glycine found in Seed (12144 ppm)
Salicylates found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (3302 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed (0.5 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed
Uterotonic
Apiole found in Seed
Myristicin found in Root Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Seed
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (160 ppm);found in Seed (16 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Vasodilator
Acetyl-choline found in Seed
Apiole found in Seed
Arginine found in Seed (7460 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10556 ppm);found in Seed (13941 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Fiber found in Plant (50000 ppm);found in Seed (183338 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (3650 ppm);found in Seed (5012 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (65 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (39700 ppm);found in Seed (13100 ppm);found in Seed (19400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
Scoparone found in Seed
Tocopherol found in Seed
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Seed
Vermicide
Carvone found in Seed Essent. Oil
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Seed (180 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed (6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (123600 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm);found in Plant (3148 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (0.7 ppm);found in Seed (33 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Seed (225 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Root ;found in Seed
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Seed
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf ;found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-alpha-phellandrene Essential Oil
(+)-alpha-pinene Plant
(+)-fenchone Seed Essent. Oil 17,000
Sprout Seedling
Essential Oil 1,000 8,000
(+)-pinene Seed
1,8-cineole Essential Oil 1,000 12,000
Plant
Seed 1 300
3-carene Seed 120 720
5-methoxy-psoralen Seed 0 5
8-methoxy-psoralen Seed 0 1
Abscisic-acid Seed 0.4
Acetyl-choline Seed
Alanine Seed 7,890 8,655
Alpha-fenchol-acetate Essential Oil 1,000
Alpha-humulene Essential Oil 1,600
Alpha-phellandrene Essential Oil 1,000 198,000
Seed 44 6,600
Plant 135
Alpha-pinene Seed Essent. Oil 4,700 12,000
Essential Oil 5,800 56,000
Root Essent. Oil 10,000
Plant 480
Seed 200 8,820
Alpha-terpinene Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 1
Plant 135
Alpha-terpineol Seed 1 6
Alpha-thujene Seed
Aluminum Seed 56
Seed 6 56
Anethole Seed Essent. Oil 680,000
Essential Oil 692,000
Seed
Seed 64,800 800,000
Plant
Anisaldehyde Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil 8,200
Seed 1 1,080
Plant
Anisic-acid Essential Oil
Seed
Anisic-ketone Seed
Anisketone Seed Essent. Oil
Anol Seed
Apiole Seed
Arginine Seed 6,800 7,460
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 123,600
Seed 0
Seed 0
Plant 340 3,148
Ash Plant 17,000 170,000
Seed 79,600 93,026
Seed 9,720 90,000
Aspartic-acid Seed 18,333 20,111
Avicularin Leaf
Benzoic-acid Seed
Bergapten Seed
Beta-carotene Plant 21 241
Seed 0 1
Seed 0.1 0.9
Beta-caryophyllene Essential Oil 200
Beta-fenchol-acetate Essential Oil 1,000 6,000
Sprout Seedling
Root Essent. Oil 10,000
Beta-myrcene Essential Oil 6,000 19,000
Beta-phellandrene Seed 170 1,020
Beta-pinene Essential Oil 1,000 6,000
Seed 1 780
Plant 10
Beta-sitosterol Seed 310 340
Boron Leaf 1 36
Caffeic-acid Seed 0.5 225
Calcium Leaf 1,000 10,556
Seed 880 13,941
Seed 1,415 13,100
Campesterol Leaf 10 12
Camphene Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 10 540
Camphor Seed 10 180
Carbohydrates Plant 51,000 519,000
Seed 522,900 577,680
Seed 61,884 573,000
Carvone Seed Essent. Oil
Ceryl-alcohol Seed
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Choline Seed
Chromium Seed 0.1 0.5
Seed 4 5
Cinnamic-acid Seed
Cis-anethole Seed Essent. Oil 3,000
Plant 50
Seed 10 300
Cis-miyabenol-c Seed 7.3
Cis-ocimene Seed 40 600
Citral Seed Essent. Oil
Citric-acid Seed
Citronellal Seed Essent. Oil
Citronellol Essential Oil 2,800
Cobalt Seed 0.3 3.1
Seed 1 3.1
Columbianetin Seed
Copper Seed 8 24
Cynarin Plant
Cynaroside Leaf
Cystine Seed 2,220 2,435
D-limonene Seed
Di-p-methoxystilbene Plant
Dianethole Seed
Dillapiol Root Essent. Oil 873,000 900,000
Sprout Seedling
Dipentene Essential Oil
Plant
Eo Plant 10,000
Seed 9,400 86,000
Tissue Culture
Seed 2,160 60,000
Root 5,000 7,000
Estragole Seed Essent. Oil 30,000 344,000
Sprout Seedling
Seed 64,000
Essential Oil 27,000 56,000
Eugenol Root Essent. Oil 2,000
Sprout Seedling
Fat Plant 4,000 46,000
Seed 90,000 280,000
Seed 17,604 163,000
Fenchol Seed Essent. Oil
Fenchol-acetate Essential Oil
Fenchone Seed Essent. Oil 7,000 130,000
Essential Oil 87,000
Seed 10,800 150,000
Seed 0 24,000
Plant 30
Fenchyl-alcohol Seed Essent. Oil
Feniculin Plant
Ferulic-acid Seed 0.5
Fiber Plant 5,000 50,000
Seed 144,250 183,338
Fiber(crude) Seed 172,000
Foeniculin Seed
Foeniculoside-i Seed 11
Foeniculoside-ii Seed 4.8
Foeniculoside-iii Seed 10.8
Foeniculoside-iv Seed 2.6
Fumaric-acid Seed
Gamma-terpinene Seed Essent. Oil 8,600 20,000
Seed 1 342
Plant 135
Essential Oil 4,000 20,000
Gamma-tocotrienol Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Gentisic-acid Seed
Geraniol Essential Oil 800
Glutamic-acid Seed 29,560 32,427
Glycine Seed 11,070 12,144
Glycolic-acid Plant
Root
Guaijaverin Leaf
Histidine Seed 3,310 3,631
Imperatorin Seed 0 3
Iodine Seed 0.002
Iron Plant 27 270
Seed 2.3 21
Seed 100 240
Isoleucine Seed 6,950 7,624
Isopimpinellin Seed 0 1
Isoquercitrin Seed
Jasmonic-acid Leaf
Juglanin Seed
Kaempferol Leaf
Plant
Kaempferol-3-arabinoside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-glucuronide Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide Seed
L-limonene Seed
Limonene Seed Essent. Oil 25,000 131,000
Seed 200 9,420
Plant 1,800
Leaf Essent. Oil 578,000
Flower Essent. Oil 342,000
Essential Oil 2,000 324,400
Linalool Seed Essent. Oil 700 6,300
Plant 60
Seed 1 2,050
Linoleic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 14,000 18,539
Magnesium Seed 394 3,650
Seed 1,730 5,012
Malic-acid Seed
Manganese Seed 0.5 4.3
Seed 24 721
Marmesin Seed
Methionine Seed 3,010 3,302
Methyl-chavicol Plant 390
Seed 70 4,018
Miyabenol-c Seed 5.3
Myrcene Seed 100 2,700
Myristicin Root Essent. Oil 28,000
Seed
N-docosyl-arachidate Plant
N-eicosyl-arachidate Plant
N-hexacosyl-arachidate Plant
N-octacosyl-arachidate Plant
N-tetracosyl-arachidate Plant
N-triacontyl-arachidate Plant
Niacin Plant 7 65
Seed 7 66
Seed 60 66
Nickel Seed 1
O-coumaric-acid Seed
Octadeca-5,6-dienoic-acid Seed Oil
Octan-1-al Seed Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 22,000 108,712
Seed Oil
Osthenol Seed
P-anisaldehyde Seed Essent. Oil 12,000
Sprout Seedling
P-anisic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid Seed 60 93
P-cymene Essential Oil 1,000 10,000
Root Essent. Oil 30,000
Seed 20 480
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Seed
P-hydroxycinnamic-acid Seed
Palmitic-acid Seed 4,000 6,000
Pectin Seed
Petroselinic-acid Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 72,000 729,000
Seed Oil
Phellandrene Seed
Phenylalanine Seed 6,470 7,098
Phosphorus Plant 510 5,100
Seed 4,449 5,960
Seed 644 5,960
Photoantheole Seed
Phytosterols Seed 660 700
Potassium Plant 3,380 39,700
Seed 1,415 13,100
Seed 14,800 19,400
Proline Seed 9,000 9,873
Protein Plant 28,000 280,000
Seed 148,735 200,000
Seed 18,684 173,000
Protocatechuic-acid Seed
Psoralen Seed 0 1
Quercetin Leaf
Seed
Quercetin-3-arabinoside Plant
Quercetin-3-glucuronide Plant
Seed
Quercetin-3-l-arabinoside Plant
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide Seed
Quinic-acid Seed
Riboflavin Plant 1 14
Seed 0.4 3.8
Seed 4
Rutin Seed
Sabinene Seed 1 60
Salicylates Leaf 1 8
Scoparone Seed
Scopoletin Seed
Selenium Seed 17.3 160
Seed 16
Serine Seed 9,000 9,873
Seselin Seed
Shikimic-acid Seed
Silicon Seed 0.4
Seed 0.1 0.4
Sinapic-acid Seed
Sodium Seed 50 1,980
Seed 77 710
Stigmasterol Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 310 340
Stigmasterol-palmitate Root
Sugar Seed 40,000 50,000
Syringic-acid Seed
Tartaric-acid Seed
Terpinen-4-ol Essential Oil 10,300
Seed 10 60
Terpinolene Plant 230
Seed 10 60
Thiamin Plant 1 11
Seed 4 5
Thiamine Seed 0.5 4.4
Threonine Seed 6,020 6,604
Tin Seed 1.2 11
Seed 11
Tocopherol Seed
Trans-1,8-terpin Seed
Trans-anethole Seed Essent. Oil 500,000 865,200
Essential Oil 610,800
Plant 5,550
Sprout Seedling
Seed 3,030 77,400
Flower Essent. Oil 412,000
Root Essent. Oil 16,000
Leaf Essent. Oil 218,000
Trans-ocimene Seed 20 330
Trigonelline Seed
Tryptophan Seed 2,530 2,775
Tyrosine Seed 4,100 4,498
Umbelliferone Root
Seed
Urease Leaf
Root
Stem
Valine Seed 9,150 10,037
Vanillic-acid Seed 0.5
Vanillin Seed
Water Plant 842,000 900,000
Seed 892,000
Seed 80,670 104,796
Xanthotoxin Seed
Zinc Seed 0.1 0.7
Seed 0.7 33
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]