Filipendula ulmaria Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow
Filipendula ulmaria

Medical use

Economic importance of Filipendula ulmaria

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria Filipendula ulmaria

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • China: China - Xinjiang
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Avicularin found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Spiraeoside found in Flower
Allelochemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicylaldehyde found in Essential Oil (750000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (748000 ppm);found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
Allergenic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Flower
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Ethyl-salicylate found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Flower
Rugosin-d found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicin found in Flower
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antianemic
Vanillin found in Flower
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Flower
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antibiotic
Avicularin found in Leaf
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Flower
Anticancer
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Flower
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Flower
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicin found in Flower
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiflu
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rugosin-d found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Gaultherin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Flower
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Flower
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Antimyalgic
Ethyl-salicylate found in Plant
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Salicin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Spiraeoside found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiperiodic
Salicin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Heliotropine found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antipodagric
Salicin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Salicin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antirheumatalgic
Ethyl-salicylate found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Salicin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Rugosin-d found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Flower
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Antitumor
Citric-acid found in Flower
Coumarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rugosin-d found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rugosin-d found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Vanillin found in Flower
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
Bruchiphobe
Coumarin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Candidicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Coumarin found in Plant
Carminative
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cerebrodepressant
Heliotropine found in Flower
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Avicularin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Heliotropine found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Flower
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Avicularin found in Leaf
Gaultherin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Emetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Estrogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
FLavor
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Flower
Ethyl-benzoate found in Flower
Ethyl-salicylate found in Plant
Heliotropine found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Salicylaldehyde found in Essential Oil (750000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (748000 ppm);found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Fungicide
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Plant
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Mucilage found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Insecticide
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Insectifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Insectiphile
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Juvabional
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Larvistat
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Flower
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Flower
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Flower
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Pediculicide
Heliotropine found in Flower
Perfumery
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Salicylaldehyde found in Essential Oil (750000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (748000 ppm);found in Flower
Vanillin found in Flower
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Avicularin found in Leaf
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Heliotropine found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil (15000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rugosin-d found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Salicin found in Flower
Salicylaldehyde found in Essential Oil (750000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (748000 ppm);found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Vanillin found in Flower
Phagocytotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Spiraeoside found in Flower
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Flower
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Plant
Sedative
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Salicin found in Flower
Sprout-Inhibitor
Salicylaldehyde found in Essential Oil (750000 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (748000 ppm);found in Flower
Stomachic
Salicin found in Flower
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Teratogenic
Salicin found in Flower
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Tonic
Salicin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem (16 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Salicin found in Flower
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rugosin-d found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf ;found in Root (86200 ppm);found in Shoot (93100 ppm)
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-hydroxyphenylmethyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside Flower
3'-o-beta-d-glucoside-3,4',5,7-tetrahydroxy-flavone Leaf
4-methoxy-benzaldehyde Flower Essent. Oil 20,000
Anisealdehyde Essential Oil 20,000
Anthocyanidin Flower
Ascorbic-acid Flower
Plant
Avicularin Leaf
Benzyl-alcohol Essential Oil 20,000
Flower Essent. Oil 21,000
Catechols Leaf
Citric-acid Flower
Coumarin Plant
Ethyl-benzoate Flower
Ethyl-salicylate Plant
Filalbin Leaf
Flavonoids Flower 60,000
Plant 5,000
Gaultherin Flower
Heliotropine Flower
Heparin Plant
Heparin-protein-complex Flower
Hexahydrodiphenic-acid-esters Plant
Hyperoside Leaf
Isoamyl-amine Flower
Isobutyl-amine Flower
Isosalicin Flower
Plant
Kaempferol Flower
Kaempferol-glucoside Plant
Methoxy-benzaldehyde Plant
Methyl-salicylate Essential Oil 15,000
Monotropin Plant
Monotropitin Flower
Mucilage Plant
N-1-n-5-n-10-tri-trans-4-coumaroyl-spermidine Flower
Phenethyl-phenylacetate Flower
Phenyl-ethyl-alcohol Essential Oil 20,000
Phenylacetate Plant
Phenylethanol Flower Essent. Oil 28,000
Phyllalbin Leaf
Quercetin Flower
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Flower
Quercetin-dipentoside Leaf
Rugosin-d Plant
Rutin Plant
Shoot
Salicin Flower
Salicylaldehyde Essential Oil 700,000 750,000
Flower Essent. Oil 748,000
Flower
Salicylic-acid Flower
Stem 16
Salicylic-acid-methyl-ester Flower Essent. Oil 13,000
Spiraein Flower
Spiraeoside Flower
Spireine Flower
Tannin Leaf
Root 86,200
Shoot 93,100
Tannins Plant 10,000 125,000
Vanillin Flower
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]