Fallopia japonica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Japanese knotweed Mexican-bamboo

Fallopia japonica, commonly known as Japanese knotweed, is a large, herbaceous perennial plant of the family Polygonaceae, native to Eastern Asia in Japan, China and Korea. In North America and Europe the species is very successful and has been classified as an invasive species in several countries. Japanese knotweed has hollow stems with distinct raised nodes that give it the appearance of bamboo, though it is not closely related. While stems may reach a maximum height of 3–4 m each growing season, it is typical to see much smaller plants in places where they sprout through cracks in the pavement or are repeatedly cut down. The leaves are broad oval with a truncated base, 7–14 cm long and 5–12 cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are small, cream or white, produced in erect racemes 6–15 cm long in late summer and early autumn. Closely related species include giant knotweed and Russian vine. Other English names for Japanese knotweed include fleeceflower, Himalayan fleece vine, monkeyweed, monkey fungus, Hancock's curse, elephant ears, pea shooters, donkey rhubarb, sally rhubarb, Japanese bamboo, American bamboo, and Mexican bamboo.

Fallopia japonica

Economic importance of Fallopia japonica

Environmental ornamental
Human food vegetable
Animal food foder
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu , Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi , Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido , Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Korea, South; Taiwan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand - North Island, South Island
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland ; Ireland; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Italy ; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal ; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Utah
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Chile

Biological activities

5-HETE-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Plant
Akt-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Reynoutrin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Plant
Allergenic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Analgesic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Antiacne
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Plant
Antiaging
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Chlorine found in Plant (6000 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Piceid found in Root
Polydatin found in Plant
Polygonin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Anticancer
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Plant
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Anticoronary
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiedemic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antieicosanoid
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiflu
Polydatin found in Plant
Polygonin found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Plant
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Polydatin found in Plant
Polygonin found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Chlorine found in Plant (6000 ppm)
Polydatin found in Plant
Polygonin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Rutin found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiischemic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antileukemic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Piceid found in Root
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Antilithic
Anthraquinones found in Root
Antilymphomic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiophidic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Antiseptic
Chlorine found in Plant (6000 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Questin found in Root
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antisprout
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antithrombic
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Plant
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antitumor
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Antitussive
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Plant
Antiviral
Chlorine found in Plant (6000 ppm)
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant
Polydatin found in Plant
Polygonin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Artemicide
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Bird-Repellent
Anthraquinones found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Chrysophanol found in Root
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Candidicide
Chlorine found in Plant (6000 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Anthraquinones found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Casein-Kinase-II-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Catabolic
Rutin found in Plant
Cathartic
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Choleretic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Detoxicant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Differentiator
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Dye
Quercitrin found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Estrogenic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Fungicide
Chlorine found in Plant (6000 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant
Piceid found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Genotoxic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Plant
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Hydroperoxidase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Polydatin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (330 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Polydatin found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Polydatin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
IKB-kinase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Insecticide
Rutin found in Plant
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Juvabional
Rutin found in Plant
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Larvistat
Rutin found in Plant
Laxative
Anthraquinones found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Lipolytic
Polydatin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Litholytic
Anthraquinones found in Root
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Plant (14 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Mutagenic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Plant
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
PKD-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Piceid found in Root
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Plant
Chlorine found in Plant (6000 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Emodin-8-glucoside found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Piceid found in Root
Polydatin found in Plant
Polygonin found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Questin found in Root
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Pigment
Chrysophanol found in Root
Prooxidant
Iron found in Plant (1300 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf (240000 ppm);found in Stem (130000 ppm)
Purgative
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Plant (10 ppm)
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Spermistat
Emodin-8-glucoside found in Root
Styptic
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Termitifuge
Chrysophanol found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Toxic
Anthraquinones found in Root
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Root (1 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Root ;found in Stem (50 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Plant (12000 ppm)
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Polydatin found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant (22000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Plant (49 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root (6700 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Root 2
2,5-dimethyl-7-hydroxychromone Root 2
2,5-dimethyl-7-hydroxychromone-7-monoacetate Root 0.5
2-methoxy-6-acetyl-7-methyl-juglone Root 3
2-methoxy-6-acetyl-7-methyl-juglone-monoacetate Root 0.5
7-hydroxy-4-methoxy-5-methylcoumarin Root 3
7-hydroxy-4-methoxy-5-methylcoumarin-8-monoacetate Root 0.5
Anthraquinones Root
Arsenic Plant
Barium Plant 14 32
Bromine Plant 11 80
Calcium Plant 11,000 12,000
Chlorine Plant 4,000 6,000
Chromium Plant 8 14
Chrysophanol Root
Citreorosein Root
Copper Plant 9 10
Emodin Root 4,000 6,700
Emodin-8-beta-d-glucoside Root
Emodin-8-glucoside Root
Fallacinol Root
Iodine Plant
Iron Plant 360 1,300
Isoquercitrin Plant
Lead Plant
Manganese Plant 59 330
Molybdenum Plant
Nickel Plant
Phosphorus Plant 2,300 2,800
Physcion-8-beta-d-glucoside Root
Physcion-8-glucoside Root
Piceid Root
Plastoquinone-b Leaf
Plastoquinone-c Leaf
Polydatin Plant
Polydatoside Root
Polygonin Root
Polysaccharides Root
Potassium Plant 18,700 22,000
Protocatechuic-acid Root 1
Quercitrin Plant
Questin Root
Questinol Root 1
Resveratrol Root
Stem 30 50
Resveratrol-3-monoglucoside Root
Reynoutrin Leaf 3,000
Rubidium Plant 8 33
Rutin Plant
Stilbenes Root
Strontium Plant 15 120
Sulfur Plant 2,300 2,600
Tannin Leaf 170,000 240,000
Stem 30,000 130,000
Titanium Plant 30 90
Torachrysone-8-o-d-glucose Root 10
Torachrysone-8-o-d-glucose-9-pentacetate Root 3.5
Zinc Plant 42 49
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]