Euphorbia lathyris Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
caper spurge gopherplant moleplant

Euphorbia lathyris is a species of spurge native to southern Europe, northwest Africa, and eastward through southwest Asia to western China. Other names occasionally used include Gopher Spurge, Gopher Plant or Mole Plant.

Euphorbia lathyris

Medical use

Economic importance of Euphorbia lathyris

Fuels potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol
Materials lipids
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris Euphorbia lathyris

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France - Corsica

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Analgesic
Daphnetin found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Daphnetin found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Betulin found in Plant
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiflu
Betulin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Betulin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antimorphinic
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antineuroleptic
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antireserpine
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Stem
Antiseptic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitremor
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Betulin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Taraxerol found in Stem
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Betulin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Plant
Aphrodisiac
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Arrhythmigenic
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
CNS-Active
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiovascular
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Daphnetin found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Depressant
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Dopaminergic
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Emetic
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Fungicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hallucinogen
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypertensive
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Leaf
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Daphnetin found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Miotic
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
L-dopa found in Latex Exudate (17000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Daphnetin found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (365500 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
16-hydroxyingenol Plant
3,4-dioxyphenylalanine Latex Exudate 5,000
6,20-epoxylathyrol-5,10-diacetate-3-phenylacetate Plant
7-hydroxylathyrol Plant
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Betulin Plant
Caoutchouc Latex Exudate
Daphnetin Seed
Euphorbetin Seed
Euphorbiasteroid Seed
Fat Seed 400,000 475,000
Ferulic-acid Leaf
Hentriacontane Stem
Ingenol-3-hexadecanic-acid-ester Plant
Kaempferol Leaf
Kaempferol-3-glucuronide Leaf
L-dopa Latex Exudate 17,000
Lathyrols Seed
Oleic-acid Seed 340,000 365,500
P-coumaric-acid Leaf
Protein Seed 150,000
Quercetin Leaf
Quercetin-3-beta-d-glucuronide Leaf
Taraxerol Stem
Taraxerone Stem
Wax Leaf 2,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]