Euphorbia hirta Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
asthmaplant garden spurge pill-bearing spurge

Euphorbia hirta is a pantropical weed, possibly native to India. It is a hairy herb that grows in open grasslands, roadsides and pathways. It is widely used as a medicinal herb in most places it grows.

Euphorbia hirta

Medical use

Economic importance of Euphorbia hirta

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hirta

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Israel; Lebanon; Syria
    • China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Taiwan
    Adventive
    • Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales , Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand - North Island
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
    • Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; U.S. Outlying Islands - Wake Island
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: Kiribati - Gilbert Islands
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Martinique; Montserrat; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Leucocyanidol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Inositol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Leucocyanidol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hcn found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Anticapillary-Fragility
Quercetol found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Stem
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Plant
Inositol found in Plant
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidote
Hcn found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Plant
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Betulin found in Stem
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Betulin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Friedelin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimanic
Choline found in Plant
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Campesterol found in Plant
Cholesterol found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Stem
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Betulin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Hcn found in Plant
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Taraxerol found in Stem
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Betulin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Stem
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Plant
Bruchifuge
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Plant
Cholinergic
Choline found in Plant
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Betulin found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Friedelin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Dye
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Emetic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Leucocyanidol found in Plant
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Campesterol found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Stem
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
Hcn found in Plant
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipotropic
Choline found in Plant
Inositol found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hcn found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Stem
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rhamnetin found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Plant
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Plant
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Sweetener
Inositol found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Inositol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Stem
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (443 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]