Euonymus atropurpureus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bitter-ash burningbush eastern wahoo wahoo

Euonymus atropurpureus is a species of Euonymus native primarily to the Midwestern United States, but its range extends from southern Ontario south to northern Florida and Texas. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 8 m tall, with stems up to 10 cm diameter. The bark is gray, smooth, and lightly fissured. The twigs are dark purplish-brown, slender, sometimes four-angled or slightly winged. The leaves are opposite, elliptical, 8.5–11.3 cm long and 3.2–5.5 cm broad, abruptly long pointed at the tip, and with a finely serrated margin; they are green above, paler and often with fine hairs beneath, and turn bright red in the fall. The flowers are bisexual, 10–12 mm diameter, with four greenish sepals, four brown-purple petals and four stamens; they are produced in small axillary cymes. The fruit is a smooth reddish to pink four-lobed capsule, up to 17 mm diameter, each lobe containing a single seed, orange with a fleshy red aril. Because of the shape and color of the fruit, it has been called Hearts Bursting with Love. The fruit is poisonous to humans, but is eaten by several species of birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings.

Euonymus atropurpureus

Medical use

Economic importance of Euonymus atropurpureus

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus Euonymus atropurpureus

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan , New Hampshire, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota , Missouri, Nebraska , North Dakota , Oklahoma, South Dakota , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama , Arkansas, Delaware, Florida , Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Root
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antibacterial
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Tannin found in Root
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Root
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Root
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Root
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Root
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Root
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Root
Antioxidant
Tannin found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Plant
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Root
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Bark
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Root
Antitumor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Dulcitol found in Root (20900 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antiulcer
Tannin found in Root
Antiviral
Tannin found in Root
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Chelator
Tannin found in Root
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Asparagine found in Bark
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Phytosterols found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Pesticide
Malic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Dulcitol found in Root (20900 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Asparagine Bark
Atropurol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Atropurpurin Bark
Cerotic-acid Plant
Citric-acid Plant
Citrullol Bark
Dulcitol Root 20,900
Euonic-acid Plant
Euonymol Bark
Euonysterol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Furan-beta-carbonic-acid Root
Galactitol Plant
Homoeuonysterol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Linoleic-acid Plant
Malic-acid Plant
Phytosterols Plant
Tannin Root
Tartaric-acid Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]