Eschscholzia californica subsp. californica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
California-poppy Mexican gold-poppy Mexican-gold

Economic importance of Eschscholzia californica subsp. californica

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon , Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico , Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada , Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte , Chihuahua , Sonora
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

Biological activities

12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
ACE-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Berberine found in Shoot
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Acidulant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Root
Adrenalytic
Glaucine found in Plant
Adrenolytic
Berberine found in Shoot
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Allocryptopine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (260 ppm);found in Seed
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Allergenic
Morphine found in Plant
Amebicide
Berberine found in Shoot
Amphicholeretic
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Analeptic
Corytuberine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Analgesic
Allocryptopine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (260 ppm);found in Seed
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Codeine found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anesthetic
Berberine found in Shoot
Codeine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antiacne
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Berberine found in Shoot
Isocorydine found in Shoot
Antiaggregant
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiallergic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antialzheimeran
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiamnesic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiarrhythmic
Allocryptopine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (260 ppm);found in Seed
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Berberine found in Shoot
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiasthmatic
Hcn found in Root
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiatherosclerotic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antibacillus
Berberine found in Shoot
Antibacterial
Berberine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Chelirubine found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (11.5 ppm)
Fumarine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antibiotic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antibradykinic
Morphine found in Plant
Anticancer
Berberine found in Shoot
Corytuberine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Anticariogenic
Berberine found in Shoot
Anticataract
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antichlamydial
Berberine found in Shoot
Anticholecystitic
Berberine found in Shoot
Anticholera
Berberine found in Shoot
Anticholinergic
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Anticholinesterase
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Anticirrhotic
Berberine found in Shoot
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Anticonjunctivitic
Berberine found in Shoot
Anticonvulsant
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Anticoryzic
Codeine found in Plant
Antidementia
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antidermatitic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antidiabetic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antidiarrheic
Berberine found in Shoot
Codeine found in Plant
Antidiuretic
Morphine found in Plant
Antidote
Hcn found in Root
Antidysenteric
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiedemic
Berberine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antiendotoxic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antienterotoxic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiesherichic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Succinic-acid found in Root
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifibrillary
Allocryptopine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (260 ppm);found in Seed
Antiflu
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antigiardial
Berberine found in Shoot
Antigingivitic
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antiglaucomic
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Morphine found in Plant
Antigonorrhea
Berberine found in Shoot
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antihepatotic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antihepatotoxic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiherpetic
Berberine found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antihistaminic
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiinflammatory
Berberine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Coptisine found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Stem
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antiischemic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antilipogenic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimalarial
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antimitotic
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antimuscarinic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antimyalgic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antimycotic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antineoplastic
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antinephritic
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antineuromuscular
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Antinociceptive
Glaucine found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antiperiodontic
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antiperistaltic
Berberine found in Shoot
Morphine found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antipharyngitic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiphotooxidative
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiplaque
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antiplasmodial
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antipneumonic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antipsoriac
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antipyretic
Berberine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antisalmonella
Berberine found in Shoot
Antisecretory
Berberine found in Shoot
Antiseptic
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antishigellic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antispasmodic
Berberine found in Shoot
Codeine found in Plant
Glaucine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antispermigenic
Berberine found in Shoot
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Berberine found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antistrep
Berberine found in Shoot
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antisuperoxidogenic
Glaucine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antisyphilitic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antitetanic
Morphine found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antitrachomic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antitrypanosomic
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antitubercular
Berberine found in Shoot
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antitumor
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Coptisine found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Stem
Corydine found in Shoot
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Antitussive
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Codeine found in Plant
Glaucine found in Plant
Hcn found in Root
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Antiulcer
Berberine found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antivaginitic
Berberine found in Shoot
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Antiviral
Berberine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Codeine found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Astringent
Berberine found in Shoot
Bilirubinolytic
Berberine found in Shoot
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Root
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Succinic-acid found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Corydine found in Shoot
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
CNS-Paralytic
Beta-homochelidonine found in Plant
CNS-Suppressant
Corytuberine found in Shoot (6 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Shoot
Calcium-Antagonist
Berberine found in Shoot
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Succinic-acid found in Root
Candidicide
Berberine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Cardioactive
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Berberine found in Shoot
Corydine found in Shoot
Cardiotonic
Berberine found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Cardiovascular
Morphine found in Plant
Carminative
Berberine found in Shoot
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Cataleptic
Isocorydine found in Shoot
Catatonic
Morphine found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Cholagogue
Berberine found in Shoot
Cholekinetic
Berberine found in Shoot
Choleretic
Berberine found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant
Collyrium
Berberine found in Shoot
Colorant
Antheraxanthin found in Flower
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Zeaxanthin found in Plant
Convulsant
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Curaroid
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Shoot
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Cytotoxic
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
DNA-Intercalator
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Dermatitigenic
Morphine found in Plant
Detoxicant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Digestive
Berberine found in Shoot
Diuretic
Berberine found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Dye
Quercitrin found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Root
Emetic
Berberine found in Shoot
Codeine found in Plant
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Euphoric
Morphine found in Plant
Expectorant
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
FLavor
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fungicide
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Gastrocontractant
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Gastrosedative
Morphine found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Berberine found in Shoot
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemostat
Berberine found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Zeaxanthin found in Plant
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Hypertensive
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Hypnotic
Corydine found in Shoot
Hypocholesterolemic
Berberine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Hypoglycemic
Berberine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Glaucine found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Glaucine found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Immunomodulator
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Immunostimulant
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Inotropic
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Insecticide
Hcn found in Root
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Insectifuge
Xanthophyll found in Plant
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Irritant
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Juvabional
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Lachrymatory
Berberine found in Shoot
Larvicide
Berberine found in Shoot
Larvistat
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Leucocytogenic
Berberine found in Shoot
Lipase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Shoot
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Molluscicide
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Chelirubine found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (11.5 ppm)
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Mutagenic
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Mycobactericide
Berberine found in Shoot
Mydriatic
Berberine found in Shoot
Myocardiocontractant
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Myocardiodepressant
Berberine found in Shoot
Myocontractant
Coptisine found in Leaf ;found in Root ;found in Stem
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Myorelaxant
Berberine found in Shoot
Fumarine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Narcotic
Codeine found in Plant
Isocorydine found in Shoot
Morphine found in Plant
Nematicide
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Neurotoxic
Morphine found in Plant
Occulotensive
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Oxytocic
Alpha-allocryptopine found in Root
PAF-Inhibitor
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Paralytic
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant
Perfumery
Succinic-acid found in Root
Pesticide
Berberine found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Chelirubine found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (11.5 ppm)
Hcn found in Root
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Succinic-acid found in Root
Xanthophyll found in Plant
Phototoxic
Berberine found in Shoot
Plasmodicide
Berberine found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Shoot
Protisticide
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Pyrogenic
Glaucine found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Zeaxanthin found in Plant
RNA-Depressant
Berberine found in Shoot
RT-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Shoot
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Respiradepressant
Berberine found in Shoot
Glaucine found in Plant
Respirainhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Respirasedative
Codeine found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Respirodepressant
Corydine found in Shoot
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Root
Sedative
Berberine found in Shoot
Codeine found in Plant
Corydine found in Shoot
Fumarine found in Plant
Isocorydine found in Shoot
Morphine found in Plant
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Sialogogue
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Soporific
Allocryptopine found in Plant ;found in Shoot (260 ppm);found in Seed
Spasmogenic
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Spinodepressant
Codeine found in Plant
Stimulant
Isocorydine found in Shoot
Morphine found in Plant
Stomachic
Berberine found in Shoot
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Sympatholytic
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Tetanic
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chelerythrine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed ;found in Tissue Culture (100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Toxic
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Triglochinin found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
Berberine found in Shoot
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Trypanocide
Berberine found in Shoot
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uterocontractant
Berberine found in Shoot
Uterotonic
Berberine found in Shoot
Cryptocavine found in Plant
Cryptopine found in Shoot
Protopine found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot (150 ppm);found in Root
Vagostimulant
Berberine found in Shoot
Vasoconstrictor
Berberine found in Shoot
Vasodilator
Berberine found in Shoot
Magnoflorine found in Root (93 ppm);found in Shoot
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Root
Sanguinarine found in Leaf ;found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture (60 ppm);found in Stem
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence
Vermifuge
Berberine found in Shoot
Vibriofuge
Berberine found in Shoot
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (50000 ppm);found in Inflorescence

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-alpha-canadine Root 129
(-)-alpha-canadine-methohydroxide Root 129
(-)-caryachine Shoot
(-)-norargemonine Root 50
10-hydroxychelerythrine Tissue Culture 4
10-hydroxysanguinarine Tissue Culture 50.5
12-hydroxychelirubine Tissue Culture 137
2',4'-dihydroxy-7-methoxyisoflavone Plant
2'-methoxyformononetin Plant
Alkaloids Plant 600 2,900
Root 27,000
Allocryptopine Plant
Shoot 260
Seed
Alpha-allocryptopine Root
Alpha-homochelidonine Plant
Antheraxanthin Flower
Berberine Shoot
Beta-homochelidonine Plant
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Bisnorargemonine Plant
Shoot
Root 80
Californidine Plant
Shoot 1,900
Root 42 46.5
Californine Shoot 130
Chelerythrine Leaf
Shoot
Seed
Tissue Culture 4 100
Plant
Root
Chelilutine Root
Tissue Culture
Shoot
Chelirubine Root
Shoot
Tissue Culture 11.5
Cholestrol Plant
Codeine Plant
Coptisine Leaf
Root
Stem
Corydine Shoot
Corytuberine Shoot 6
Cryptocavine Plant
Cryptopine Shoot
Dihydrochelerythrine Tissue Culture
Dihydrochelilutine Tissue Culture
Dihydrochelirubine Tissue Culture 19.6
Dihydromacarpine Tissue Culture 27
Dihydrosanguinarine Plant
Tissue Culture 4.3
Dl-cheilanthifoline Plant
Escholamidine Shoot 20
Escholidine Root 422 791
Escholine Root
Escholinine Root 116 186
Eschscholtzidine Plant 11
Root 2,500
Eschscholtzine Flower 150.4
Shoot 300
Plant
Seed
Eschscholtzine-n-oxide Flower 203.5
Eschscholtzione Plant
Eschscholtzxanthin Plant
Escolzine Shoot
Esholine Root 143
Fat Seed 468,000
Fumaric-acid Plant
Fumarine Plant
Glaucine Plant
Hcn Root
Hunnemanine Plant
Ionidine Plant
Isocorydine Shoot
Lauroscholtzine Seed
Shoot
Macarpine Shoot
Tissue Culture 7 23
Magnoflorine Root 93
Shoot
Morphine Plant
N-methyl-laurotetanine Shoot 80
Norargemonine Shoot
Norisoargemonine Shoot
Norsanguinarine Plant
O-mehtyl-caryachine Shoot
O-methyl-caratachine Plant
O-methylcariachine Shoot
Protein Seed 250,000
Protopine Plant
Seed
Shoot 30 150
Root
Quercitrin Plant
Rutin Flower 5,000 50,000
Inflorescence
Sanguinarine Leaf
Seed
Plant
Root
Shoot
Tissue Culture 1.4 60
Stem
Sanguiritrine Root
Succinic-acid Root
Triglochinin Leaf
Violaxanthin Flower
Xanthophyll Plant
Zeaxanthin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]