Erythroxylum novogranatense var. novogranatense Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Colombian coca Trujillo coca Truxillo coca

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Western South America: Colombia - Antioquia, Cauca, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Guajira, Huila, Magdalena, Narino, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Tolima, Valle; Ecuador - Carchi; Peru - Amazonas, Cajamarca, Huanuco, La Libertad, Lima, San Martin
    Cultivated
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Allergenic
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Analgesic
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Anesthetic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Anorexic
Cocaine found in Leaf
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (97 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (97 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Cocaine found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Cocaine found in Leaf
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Anticancer
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (97 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Anticataract
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (97 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiedemic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiepistactic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Antifeedant
Cocaine found in Leaf
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (97 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Antioxidant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Antiradicular
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antiseptic
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antitumor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiviral
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Apoptotic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Arterioconstrictor
Cocaine found in Leaf
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Cocaine found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Carminative
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Catabolic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Choleretic
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Leaf
Collagenic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Convulsant
Cocaine found in Leaf
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Debridemant
Cocaine found in Leaf
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Cocaine found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
FLavor
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Fungicide
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Hallucinogen
Cocaine found in Leaf
Hemostat
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cocaine found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Cocaine found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Insecticide
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Juvabional
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Larvistat
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Mydriatic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Narcotic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Cocaine found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Perfumery
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Pesticide
Cocaine found in Leaf
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Leaf (1300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (97 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Psychotomimetic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Pyrogenic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Cocaine found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
Cocaine found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6900 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7800 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Leaf (33 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (5000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin-3-o-alpha-l-rhamnopyranoside Stem
(+)-catechin-3-rhamnoside Plant
Alkaloids Leaf 14,000
Benzoylecgonine Leaf
Calcium Leaf 10,200 13,000
Cinnamylcocaine Leaf
Cocaine Leaf
Copper Leaf 2.5 2.7
Erythrodiol Fruit
Gentisic-acid Leaf
Iron Leaf 86 97
Isoquercitrin Leaf 100
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-rutinoside Leaf
Magnesium Leaf 3,800 6,900
Manganese Leaf 28 55
Methyl-salicylate Leaf 1,300
Ombuin-3-o-rutinoside Leaf
Palmityl-beta-amyrin Leaf
Potassium Leaf 6,600 7,800
Quercetin-3-o-glucoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-rutinoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-triglycoside Leaf
Rutin Leaf 5,000
Zinc Leaf 16 33
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]