Erythrina crista-galli Health effects and herbal facts

Erythrina crista-galli is a flowering tree in the family Fabaceae, native to Argentina, Uruguay, southern Brazil and Paraguay. It is widely planted as a street or garden tree in other countries, most notably in California. It is known by several common names within South America: ceibo, seíbo, corticeira and the more ambiguous bucaré, to name a few. In English it is often known as the Cockspur Coral Tree. The ceibo is the national tree of Argentina, and its flower the national flower of Argentina and Uruguay. This species characteristically grows wild in gallery forest ecosystems along watercourses, as well as in swamps and wetlands. In urban settings, it is often planted in parks for its bright red flowers.

Erythrina crista-galli

Medical use

Gallery

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Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6500 ppm)
Abortifacient
Genistein found in Bark
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Genistein found in Bark
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Genistein found in Bark
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Genistein found in Bark
Anticlimacteric
Genistein found in Bark
Anticonvulsant
Erysopine found in Seed
Erysothiopine found in Seed
Erysothiovine found in Seed
Erysovine found in Seed
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antiendoccytotic
Genistein found in Bark
Antiestrogenic
Genistein found in Bark
Antifeedant
Hypaphorine found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Antifertility
Genistein found in Bark
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Genistein found in Bark
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Genistein found in Bark
Antiinflammatory
Genistein found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Antiischemic
Genistein found in Bark
Antileukemic
Genistein found in Bark
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Genistein found in Bark
Antilymphomic
Genistein found in Bark
Antimelanomic
Genistein found in Bark
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antimicrobial
Genistein found in Bark
Antimitogenic
Genistein found in Bark
Antimutagenic
Genistein found in Bark
Antineuroblastomic
Genistein found in Bark
Antiosteoporotic
Genistein found in Bark
Antioxidant
Genistein found in Bark
Myristic-acid found in Seed (3175 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Genistein found in Bark
Antiprostatadenomic
Genistein found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Genistein found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Antiseptic
Erycristagallin found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Genistein found in Bark
Antiviral
Genistein found in Bark
Apoptotic
Genistein found in Bark
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Beta-erythroidine found in Seed
Erysopine found in Seed
Erysothiopine found in Seed
Erysothiovine found in Seed
Erysovine found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Genistein found in Bark
Cancer-Preventive
Genistein found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (3175 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Genistein found in Bark
Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Convulsant
Hypaphorine found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (3175 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6500 ppm)
Curarimimetic
Beta-erythroidine found in Seed
Cytotoxic
Genistein found in Bark
DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Estrogen-Agonist
Genistein found in Bark
Estrogenic
Genistein found in Bark
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6500 ppm)
Flatulent
Genistein found in Bark
Fungicide
Genistein found in Bark
Fungistat
Genistein found in Bark
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Hydrocholerectic
Erysopine found in Seed
Erysothiopine found in Seed
Erysothiovine found in Seed
Erysovine found in Seed
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (3175 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Hypnotic
Beta-erythroidine found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Genistein found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6500 ppm)
Hypotensive
Beta-erythroidine found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Genistein found in Bark
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Lipase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (3175 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6500 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
MDR-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Erysopine found in Seed
Erysothiopine found in Seed
Erysothiovine found in Seed
Erysovine found in Seed
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Natriuretic
Genistein found in Bark
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (3175 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Neuroparalytic
Erysodine found in Seed
Erysopine found in Seed
Erysothiopine found in Seed
Erysothiovine found in Seed
Erysovine found in Seed
Erythraline found in Seed
Neurotoxic
Erysonine found in Seed
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
PTK-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6500 ppm)
Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Pesticide
Erycristagallin found in Plant
Genistein found in Bark
Hypaphorine found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Genistein found in Bark
Pituitary-sensitizer
Genistein found in Bark
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (31560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (85000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6500 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Genistein found in Bark
Respiradepressant
Beta-erythroidine found in Seed
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6500 ppm)
Tetanic
Hypaphorine found in Seed (29000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Topoisomerase-II-Poison
Genistein found in Bark
Trypanosomastat
Genistein found in Bark
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark
Uterotrophic
Genistein found in Bark
VEGF-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Bark

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Seed 24,000 45,300
Arachidic-acid Seed 5,345
Beta-erythroidine Seed
Cristadine Plant
Cristamidine Plant
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Plant
Cyanidin-3-sophoroside Plant
Eicosenoic-acid Seed 15,000
Erycristagallin Plant
Erysodine Seed
Erysonine Seed
Erysopine Seed
Erysothiopine Seed
Erysothiovine Seed
Erysovine Seed
Erythraline Seed
Erythramine Seed
Erythratine Seed
Erythratinone Seed
Fat Seed 167,000
Genistein Bark
Hypaphorine Seed 21,000 29,000
Linoleic-acid Seed 31,560
Myristic-acid Seed 3,175
Oleic-acid Seed 85,000
Palmitic-acid Seed 19,000
Pelargonidin-3-glucoside Plant
Pelargonidin-3-sophoroside Plant
Protein Seed 303,000
Stearic-acid Seed 6,500
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]