Eriodictyon californicum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
mountain balm

Eriodictyon californicum is a species of plant within the Hydrophyllaceae family. It is also known as yerba santa, mountain balm, consumptive's weed and bear weed.

Eriodictyon californicum

Medical use

Economic importance of Eriodictyon californicum

Food additives flavoring
Materials alcohol
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Eriodictyon californicum Eriodictyon californicum Eriodictyon californicum Eriodictyon californicum Eriodictyon californicum Eriodictyon californicum

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Plant
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Bark
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chrysoeriol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Cirsimaritin found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anesthetic
Pinocembrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
AntiHIV
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
AntiMDR
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (62.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antibacillary
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Cirsimaritin found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Bark (2300 ppm);found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Hesperetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Sakuranetin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (22.5 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticolitic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Chrysoeriol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Glucose found in Bark
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Antifeedant
Eriodictyol found in Bark (2300 ppm);found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Hesperetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Homoeriodictyol found in Bark ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (4250 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antigout
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Glucose found in Bark
Hispidulin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (62.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Cirsimaritin found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Bark (2300 ppm);found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Bark
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antileukemic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Hesperetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Chrysoeriol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Cirsimaritin found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (10600 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Eriodictyol found in Bark (2300 ppm);found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (62.5 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (62.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antirhinoviral
Chrysoeriol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Pinocembrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Sakuranetin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (22.5 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antishigellic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antithrombic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Plant
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (62.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Bark
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Chrysoeriol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Hesperetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (10600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Eriodictyol found in Bark (2300 ppm);found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Homoeriodictyol found in Bark ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (4250 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Artemicide
Pinocembrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Cirsimaritin found in Shoot (106 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Cirsimaritin found in Shoot (106 ppm)
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Chrysoeriol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Cirsimaritin found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Bark (2300 ppm);found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Hesperetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hispidulin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (62.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Candidicide
Pinocembrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Caspase-9-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Choleretic
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
DNA-Protective
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Emetic
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Estrogenic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Eriodictyol found in Bark (2300 ppm);found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot (106 ppm)
FLavor
Formic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Sakuranetin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (22.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant
Hesperetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
Hemostat
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Hesperetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Herbistat
Pentatriacontane found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Bark
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (380 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (91 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (10600 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Irritant
Formic-acid found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Juvabional
Eriodictyol found in Bark (2300 ppm);found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Bark
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Mutagenic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Osteoblastogenic
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (10600 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
PPAR-Gamma-Antagonist
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Cirsimaritin found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Eriodictyol found in Bark (2300 ppm);found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot (106 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Hesperetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Homoeriodictyol found in Bark ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (4250 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Pinocembrin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (3.7 ppm)
Sakuranetin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (22.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Plant
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Diosmetin found in Leaf (114000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Termitifuge
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Testosterogenic
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Velutin found in Leaf (45000 ppm)
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (96 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2900 ppm)
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (9800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (70 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (9400 ppm)
Vasorelaxant
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (2.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf (39000 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavone Plant
3'-methyl-4'-isobutyryleriodictyol Plant
Shoot 19
3,4',5-trihydroxy-7-methoxy-flavanone Leaf 410,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap
4',5,7-trihydroxy-3',6-dimethoxyflavanone Shoot 50
4',5-dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavanone Shoot 24
Acetic-acid Plant
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 0.4 1.7
Ash Leaf 15,620 71,000
Beta-carotene Leaf 21 96
Butyric-acid Plant
Calcium Leaf 638 2,900
Cerotic-acid Bark
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Chromium Leaf 0.4 1.7
Chrysin Plant
Shoot 2.5
Chrysoeriodictyol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Chrysoeriol Plant
Shoot 106
Cirsimaritin Shoot 106
Cirsimaritrin Plant
Cobalt Leaf 3 14
Diosmetin Leaf 114,000
Eriodictyol Bark 2,300
Leaf 2,300 6,000
Shoot 106
Eriodictyonic-acid Leaf
Eriodictyonine Leaf 30,000 60,000
Eriodin Shoot
Eriodonol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Shoot
Fat Leaf 18,040 82,000
Fiber(crude) Leaf 150,000
Fiber(dietary) Leaf 380,000
Formic-acid Plant
Glucose Bark
Gum Leaf 26,400 120,000
Hesperetin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hispidulin Plant
Shoot 62.5
Homoeridictyol Leaf 42,000 128,000
Homoeriodictyol Bark
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Leaf
Shoot 4,250
Iron Leaf 24 110
Luteolin Leaf 39,000
Magnesium Leaf 2,156 9,800
Manganese Leaf 20 91
N-pentatriacontane Bark
Shoot
N-triacontane Bark
Shoot
Naringenin-4'-methyl-ether Shoot 7.5
Niacin Leaf 15 70
Pentatriacontane Resin, Exudate, Sap
Persicogenin Leaf 36,000
Phosphorus Leaf 2,332 10,600
Phytosterols Plant
Pinocembrin Plant
Shoot 3.7
Potassium Leaf 2,068 9,400
Protein Leaf 13,200 60,000
Resin Leaf 8,800 80,000
Riboflavin Leaf
Sakuranetin Plant
Shoot 22.5
Selenium Leaf 2.6 12
Silicon Leaf 1.5 7
Sodium Leaf 84 380
Sugars Leaf 19,800 90,000
Tannic-acid Shoot
Tannin Plant
Thiamine Leaf
Triacontane Resin, Exudate, Sap
Velutin Leaf 45,000
Water Leaf 780,000
Xanthoeridol Shoot
Xanthoeriodictyol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Zinc Leaf 0.4 1.7
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]