Ephedra gerardiana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Indian joint-fir Pakistani ephedra
Ephedra gerardiana

Medical use

Economic importance of Ephedra gerardiana

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Ephedra gerardiana Ephedra gerardiana Ephedra gerardiana Ephedra gerardiana Ephedra gerardiana Ephedra gerardiana Ephedra gerardiana

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Adrenergic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Anesthetic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiallergic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiappetant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antibacterial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antibronchitic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiemphysemic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antienuretic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antihiccup
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Saponins found in Plant
Antimyasthenic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antinarcoleptic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antirhinitic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antisinusitic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antisyncopic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiviral
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Apoptotic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bronchodilator
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Cerebrostimulant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Controlled
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Culicide
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Decongestant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Expectorant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hallucinogenic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hypertensive
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Saponins found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Insecticide
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Insectifuge
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Mydriatic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Myocardiotonic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Perfumery
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Pesticide
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Stimulant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Sympathomimetic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Tachycardic
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tracheorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Catechins found in Plant
Uterocontractant
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
Ephedrine found in Plant (7000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
10-nonacosanol Leaf
Alkaloids Plant 8,000 14,000
Catechins Plant
D-n-methyl-pseudoephedrine Plant
D-pseudoephedrine Plant
Ellagic-acid Plant
Ephedrine Plant 4,000 7,000
Gallic-acid Plant
L-n-methyl-ephedrine Plant
L-norephedrine Plant
N-1-triacontanol Leaf
N-norpseudoephedrine Plant
Saponins Plant
Tannins Plant
Terpineol Essential Oil
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]