Enterolobium cyclocarpum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
devil's-ear earpodtree elephant's-ear monkeysoap

Enterolobium cyclocarpum, commonly known as Guanacaste, Caro Caro, or Elephant Ear Tree, is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to tropical regions of the Americas, from central Mexico south to northern Brazil and Venezuela. It is known for its large proportions, its expansive, often spherical crown, and its curiously shaped seedpods. The abundance of this tree, especially in Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica, where it is prized for the shady relief it provides from the intense sun, coupled with its immensity, have made it a widely recognized species. It is the national tree of Costa Rica. In North America it is often called elephant ear tree, due to the shape of the seed pods. Other common names include Devil's Ear and Earpod Tree, parota and orejón or huanacaxtle. In El Salvador, it is known as conacaste.

Enterolobium cyclocarpum

Medical use

Economic importance of Enterolobium cyclocarpum

Environmental agroforestry ornamental shade/shelter soil improver
Fuels fuelwod
Materials beads wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum Enterolobium cyclocarpum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Malesia: Philippines; Singapore
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Veracruz
  • PACIFIC
    Cultivated
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Venezuela - Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Carabobo, Cojedes, Falcon, Federal District, Guarico, Lara, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Yaracuy, Zulia
    • Brazil: Brazil - Roraima
    • Western South America: Colombia
    Uncertain
    • Northern South America: Suriname
    Cultivated
    • Caribbean: Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia

Biological activities

Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Antiviral
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (60 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulinic-acid Bark 60
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]