Elaeagnus angustifolia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
oleaster Russian-olive trebizond-date

Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called silver berry, oleaster, Russian olive, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Afghanistan, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey and Iran. It is now also widely established in North America as an introduced species. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a usually thorny shrub or small tree growing to 5–7 m in height. Its stems, buds, and leaves have a dense covering of silvery to rusty scales. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, 4–9 cm long and 1-2.5 cm broad, with a smooth margin. The highly aromatic flowers, produced in clusters of 1-3, are 1 cm long with a four-lobed creamy yellow calyx; they appear in early summer and are followed by clusters of fruit, a small cherry-like drupe 1-1.7 cm long, orange-red covered in silvery scales. The fruits are edible and sweet, though with a dryish, mealy texture. Its common name comes from its similarity in appearance to the olive, in a different botanical family, Oleaceae. The shrub can fix nitrogen in its roots, enabling it to grow on bare mineral substrates. In Iran, the dried powder of the fruits is used mixed with milk for rheumatoid arthritis and joint pains.

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Medical use

Economic importance of Elaeagnus angustifolia

Bee plants honey production
Environmental erosion control ornamental revegetator shade/shelter
Human food beverage base fruit
Fuels fuelwod
Materials gum/resin wod
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnus angustifolia

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part
    Naturalized
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (495 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (235 ppm)
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anabolic
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
AntiMS
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Antianginal
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antichoreic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticoronary
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (0.48 ppm)
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antifeedant
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiganglionic
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (0.48 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Antihyperlipidemic
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (0.48 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antilupus
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antineuritic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiophthalmic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiosteotic
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (0.48 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root (0.48 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Antisclerodermic
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antisickling
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Antistroke
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Harmol found in Root Bark ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Glutamic-acid found in Root (0.48 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Astringent
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bradycardic
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Sedative
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
COMP-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Cardiovascular
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Choline-Sparing
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Circulotonic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Convulsant
Harman found in Root Bark ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (235 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Harman found in Root Bark ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Desmutagenic
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Euphoriant
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
FLavor
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Flower (790 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (235 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hallucinogenic
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Hemostat
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Harman found in Root Bark ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Stearic-acid found in Seed (235 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Calligonine found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Interleukin-1-alpha-Inhibitor
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Interleukin-6-mRNA-Inhibitor
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (235 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Harman found in Root Bark ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Flower (790 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (0.48 ppm)
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pancreatogenic
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Perfumery
Stearic-acid found in Seed (235 ppm)
Peroxynitrite-Scavenger
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Photoactive
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Propecic
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (235 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (1145 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (495 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (235 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Harman found in Root Bark ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Harman found in Root Bark ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Tremorigenic
Harman found in Root Bark ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Harmine found in Root ;found in Shoot
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tocopherol found in Fruit (20 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark (2140 ppm);found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-quebrachitol Fruit
1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline Plant
1-isobutyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline Root Bark
10-hydroxy-tridecaf-6,8-dienoic-acid Seed Oil
12,13-epoxy-octadec-9-enoic-acid Seed Oil
12-hydroxy-octadeca-8-dienoic-acid Seed Oil
12-hydroxy-octadecanoic-acid Seed Oil
15,16-epoxy-octadeca-9,12-dienoic-acid Seed Oil
2-carboxyarabinitol Leaf 311
2-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline Bark
3-o-(gluco-galacto)-feruloyl-isorhamnetin Plant
7-o-coumaroylkaempferol-3-o-glucoside Plant
9,10-epoxy-octadec-12-enoic-acid Seed Oil
9-hydroxy-hexadec-10-enoic-acid Seed Oil
Alkaloids Bark 2,000
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 40 500
Ash Seed 24,000
Caffeic-acid Fruit
Leaf
Calligonine Bark
Catechin Bark
Bark
Catincin Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Dihydroharman Bark
Plant
Elaeagnine Plant
Ellagic-acid Leaf
Eo Flower 1,000
Shoot
Epicatechin Bark
Bark
Ethyl-cinnamate Flower 790
Fat Seed 18,000 263,000
Ferulic-acid Leaf
Glutamic-acid Root 0.48
Harman Root Bark
Shoot
Root
Harmine Root
Shoot
Harmol Root Bark
Shoot
Isorhamnetin Fruit
Plant
Isorhamnetin-3-o-galactoside Plant
Isorhamnetin-3-o-glucosylgalactoside Plant
Kaempferol Leaf
N(b)-methyl-tetrahydroharmol Bark
N-methyl-tetrahydroharmol Plant
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Octadecadienoic-acid Seed 13,570 15,365
Octadecatrienoic-acid Seed 3,170
Octadecenoic-acid Seed 6,085
Oleanolic-acid Bark 2,140
Plant
P-coumaric-acid Leaf
Palmitic-acid Seed 1,145
Palmitoleic-acid Seed 495
Protein Seed 92,000 420,000
Quercetin Leaf
Sinapic-acid Leaf
Stearic-acid Seed 235
Tetrahydroharman Bark
Plant
Tetrahydroharmol Bark
Tocopherol Fruit 1 20
Trans-cinnamic-acid-ethyl-ester Flower Essent. Oil 788,800
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]