Duboisia myoporoides Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
corkwoodtree eye-opening-tree eyeplant hard corkwood poison corkwood poisonous corkwood soft corkwood yellow-basswood

Duboisia myoporoides, or Corkwood, is a shrub or tree native to high-rainfall areas on the margins of rainforest in eastern Australia. It has a thick and corky bark. The leaves are obovate to elliptic in shape, 4–15 cm long and 1–4 cm wide. The small white flowers are produced in clusters. This is followed by globose purple-black berries.

Duboisia myoporoides

Medical use

Economic importance of Duboisia myoporoides

Medicines source of hyoscine

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Malesia: Papua New Guinea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Queensland
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
    Cultivated
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia

Biological activities

ANS-Paralytic
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
ANS-Stimulant
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Addictive
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Allelochemic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Allergenic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Amnesigenic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Analgesic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anesthetic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Anhydrotic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Anorectic
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
AntiHIV
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Antialzheimeran
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antianoxic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Antibacterial
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antibradycardic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Anticancer
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Scopolin found in Shoot
Tigloidine found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antideliriant
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiedemic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiemetic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antiemphysemic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Antienuretic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Antiescherichic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Antifeedant
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antifumitory
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Antihalitosic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antihiccup
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiiritic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Antileishmanic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antileukemic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Antilymphomic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antimalarial
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antimanic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antimeasles
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antimuscarinic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Tigloidine found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antinephritic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antiotitic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Tigloidine found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Antiperoxidant
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiperspirant
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Antipertussic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Antiplasmodial
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antipolio
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Antirhinitic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Antisialogogue
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Antismoking
Anabasine found in Leaf (7300 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem ;found in Stem (11 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (0.008 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Apoatropine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Tigloidine found in Leaf
Antispermatorrheic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antitumor
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiulcer
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiuveitic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Antivertigo
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antivinous
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Antiviral
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Apoptotic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Scopolin found in Shoot
CNS-Depressant
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Scopolin found in Shoot
Tigloidine found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Shoot
COX-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Candidicide
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Choleretic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Cholinergic
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Colorant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Cyclopegic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Deodorant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Diuretic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Dopaminigenic
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Dye
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Ectoparasiticide
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Epinephrininergic
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Fungicide
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Herbicide
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Hyperglycemic
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Hyperkinetic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Hyperpyrexic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hypnotic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Hypotensive
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Insecticide
Anabasine found in Leaf (7300 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem ;found in Stem (11 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (0.008 ppm)
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Shoot
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Mydriatic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Anabasine found in Leaf (7300 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem ;found in Stem (11 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (0.008 ppm)
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Tigloidine found in Leaf
Nematistat
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Neurotoxic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Oxidant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Paralytic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Perfumery
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Pesticide
Anabasine found in Leaf (7300 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem ;found in Stem (11 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (0.008 ppm)
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Chlorophyll found in Leaf
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Photophobigenic
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Piscicide
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Preanesthetic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Psychoactive
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Psychotomimetic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Respiradepressant
Apoatropine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Respirastimulant
Anabasine found in Leaf (7300 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem ;found in Stem (11 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (0.008 ppm)
Sedative
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Tigloidine found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Sialogogue
Anabasine found in Leaf (7300 ppm);found in Root (22 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem ;found in Stem (11 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (0.008 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Tachycardic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Scopolamine found in Leaf (12000 ppm);found in Leaf (0.002 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm);found in Root (79 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Stem (24 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (3929 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot ;found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Toxic
Hyoscyamine found in Leaf (10200 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (910 ppm);found in Stem (0.001 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (29 ppm);found in Root (152 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Tropine found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tranquilizer
Nicotine found in Leaf (1700 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Sprout Seedling
Transdermal
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Shoot
Vasodilator
Atropine found in Leaf (0.001 ppm);found in Stem (0.002 ppm);found in Root
Vasopressor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Vulnerary
Chlorophyll found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-hyoscyamine Tissue Culture
(-)-pelletierine Plant
3-alpha-tigloyloxytropane Shoot
3-hydroxydotriacontan-28-one Shoot 15
6-beta-hydroxyhyoscyamine Leaf
Root
6-hydroxy-apoatropine Root
6-hydroxyhyoscyamine Leaf
6-methyl-dotriacontane Shoot 833
8-hydroxydotriacontan-30-one Shoot 2
Acetoxytropine Root
Acetylatropine Root
Acetyltropine Leaf
Alkaloids Leaf 20,000
Alpha-poroidine Shoot
Anabasine Leaf 7,300
Root 22
Leaf 0 24
Leaf 0 0.002
Sprout Seedling
Stem
Stem 9 11
Stem 0.002
Root
Leaf 0.004 0.008
Anatabine Leaf
Antabasine Stem
Apoatropine Leaf
Root
Apohyoscine Leaf
Aposcopolamine Leaf
Shoot
Root
Atropine Leaf 0.001
Stem 0.002
Root
Betulonic-acid Shoot 100
Butropine Leaf
Shoot
Chlorophyll Leaf
Cuscohygrine Root
Dl-isopelletierine Leaf
Dotriacontan-1-ol Shoot 14
Fatty-acids Leaf
Hentriacontanyl-tetratacontanoate Shoot 90
Hygrine Leaf 1,900
Root
Hyoscine Sprout Seedling
Hyoscyamine Leaf 1,700 10,200
Tissue Culture 26 910
Stem 0.001
Sprout Seedling
Shoot
Root 29
Root 152
Leaf 0 0.001
Leaf 0 0.001
Isoporoidine Leaf
L-anabasine Leaf
Nicotine Leaf 1,700
Root
Stem
Sprout Seedling
Noratropine Shoot
Norhyoscyamine Leaf
Nornicotine Leaf 0 0.001
Leaf 0.001 0.003
Root 32
Stem
Stem 0.001
Stem 18 34
Sprout Seedling
Root
Leaf 0.003
Leaf 0 61
Norscopolamine Shoot
Pentatriacontan-4-one Shoot 6.3
Phosphodiesterase Tissue Culture
Poroidine Leaf
Propionyl-oxytropane Root
Scopolamine Leaf 5,700 12,000
Leaf 0.001 0.002
Root 36
Root 79
Plant
Sprout Seedling
Stem 0 24
Tissue Culture 76 3,929
Stem
Stem
Shoot
Leaf 0 0.001
Scopoletin Shoot
Scopolin Shoot
Tetramethylputrescine Root
Tetratriacontanoic-acid Shoot 76
Tigloidine Leaf
Tigloyltropine Leaf
Tropine Leaf
Root
Tropine-nonanoate Leaf
Tropinone Root
Ursolic-acid Shoot 10
Valerodinine Leaf
Valeroidine Root
Shoot
Valtropine Leaf
Shoot
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]