Drimys winteri Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Winter's-bark

Drimys winteri is a slender tree, growing up to 20 m tall. It is native to the Magellanic and Valdivian temperate rain forests of Chile and Argentina, where it is a dominant tree in the coastal evergreen forests. It is found below 1,200 m between latitude 32° south and Cape Horn at latitude 56°. In its southernmost natural range it can tolerate temperatures down to −20 °C. The leaves are lanceolate, glossy green above, whitish below and can measure up to 20 cm. The flowers are white with a yellow center, and comprise a great number of petals and stamens. The fruit is a bluish berry.

Drimys winteri

Medical use

Economic importance of Drimys winteri

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Bark
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Mannitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Mannitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anesthetic
Eugenol found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Bark
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiacne
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Bark
Anticoronary
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Mannitol found in Bark
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Cryptomeridol found in Plant
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antimutagenic
Dihydroquercetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Bark
Antinitrosaminic
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Bark
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Antiophidic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Dihydroquercetin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiseptic
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Cryptomeridol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Dihydroquercetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Bark
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Bark
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Astringent
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Bark
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Bark
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Candidicide
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carminative
Eugenol found in Bark
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Choleretic
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Coronary-Dilator
Cryptomeridol found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Bark
Detoxicant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Bark
Emetic
Mannitol found in Bark
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Bark
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
FLavor
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Bark
Fungicide
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Wood (366000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Eugenol found in Bark
Hypocholesterolemic
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Eugenol found in Bark
Insectifuge
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Bark
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Eugenol found in Bark
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Bark
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Perfumery
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Pesticide
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (279000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sedative
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Sweetener
Mannitol found in Bark
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Bark
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Bark
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Bark
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Bark
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Bark
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Eugenol found in Bark
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Bark
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Bark
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Caryophyllene Bark
Cellulose Wood 353,000 366,000
Cineole Bark
Confertifolin Bark
Cryptomeridol Plant
Dihydroquercetin Leaf
Drimenol Plant
Drimine Bark
Drimol Leaf
Eo Bark 10,000
Eugenol Bark
Fuegine Bark
Furtonolide Bark
Hemicellulose Wood 353,000 366,000
Isotadeonal Plant
Kaempferol Leaf
L-3-beta-acetoxydrimenin Leaf
L-pinene Bark
Lignin Wood 277,000 279,000
Mannitol Bark
Quercetin Leaf
Rhamnose Plant
Tadeonol Plant
Tannic-acid Plant
Valdiviolide Bark
Winterin Bark
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]