Dodonaea viscosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
broadleaf hopbush Florida hopbush giant hopbush hopshrub narrow-leaf hopbush sticky dodonea sticky hopbush wedge-leaf hopbush

Dodonaea viscosa is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae, that has a cosmopolitan distribution in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of Africa, the Americas, southern Asia and Australasia.

Dodonaea viscosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Dodonaea viscosa

Environmental ornamental revegetator wildlife habitat
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa Dodonaea viscosa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq
    • China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Celebes, Irian Jaya, Java, Kalimantan, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sumatra; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Northern Territory , Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Hidalgo, Morelos, Veracruz
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Bermuda; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman; Chile ; Uruguay

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (31400 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Cyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Anesthetic
Pinocembrin found in Shoot
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pinocembrin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Quercetol found in Flower
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidementia
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Antiischemic
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pinocembrin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Penduletin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Leaf
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Penduletin found in Shoot
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pinocembrin found in Shoot
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Erucic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Penduletin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Pinocembrin found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Pinocembrin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillarifortificant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Capillarigenic
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Seed (4125 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (31400 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pinocembrin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Stem
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (31400 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pinocembrin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed (31400 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypotensive
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (31400 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Stem
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (31400 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Hyperin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Penduletin found in Shoot
Pinocembrin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (108470 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (45315 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (31400 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (24900 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (31400 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Isorhamnetin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (58000 ppm);found in Leaf (59800 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]