Diospyros virginiana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American persimmon persimmon
Diospyros virginiana

Medical use

Economic importance of Diospyros virginiana

Environmental ornamental
Human food fruit
Gene sources graft stock for kaki
Materials wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut , Indiana, New Jersey, New York , Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa , Kansas , Missouri, Nebraska , Oklahoma
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Borneol found in Fruit
Delphinidin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Allergenic
Delphinidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Borneol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Stem (38 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Fruit
Antiacne
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Leaf (16 ppm);found in Stem (8 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem (1620 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Myricetin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem (1620 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Borneol found in Fruit
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Fruit
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem (1620 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem (1620 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Borneol found in Fruit
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiflu
Neryl-acetate found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Myricetin found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Borneol found in Fruit
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimanic
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem (1620 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Stem (38 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Stem (38 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (730 ppm);found in Stem (2592 ppm);found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Fruit
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Delphinidin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Borneol found in Fruit
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Fruit
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antiseptic
(e)-2-hexenal found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Stem (378 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Borneol found in Fruit
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Borneol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Stem (378 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Neryl-acetate found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Fruit
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (730 ppm);found in Stem (2592 ppm);found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Fruit
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Fruit
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Delphinidin found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Stem (378 ppm)
Borneol found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Stem (54 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Choleretic
Borneol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Stem (378 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Stem (54 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Stem (38 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Expectorant
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
FLavor
Borneol found in Fruit
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
Neryl-acetate found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Fruit
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Fungicide
Borneol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Herbicide
Borneol found in Fruit
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1500 ppm);found in Stem (1080 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (730 ppm);found in Stem (2592 ppm);found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Fruit
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Fruit
Insectifuge
Borneol found in Fruit
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Leaf (16 ppm);found in Stem (8 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
Borneol found in Fruit
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Stem (2.7 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Fruit
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Delphinidin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
Borneol found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Nephrotoxic
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (730 ppm);found in Stem (2592 ppm);found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Perfumery
Borneol found in Fruit
Neryl-acetate found in Fruit
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Fruit
Pesticide
(e)-2-hexenal found in Fruit
Aluminum found in Stem (378 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Borneol found in Fruit
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
Delphinidin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Neryl-acetate found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pigment
Delphinidin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Delphinidin found in Plant
Iron found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Stem (1620 ppm)
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (7.5 ppm);found in Stem (108 ppm)
Sedative
Borneol found in Fruit
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Toxic
Vanadium found in Leaf (1.5 ppm);found in Stem (1.08 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Borneol found in Fruit
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (758 ppm);found in Stem (17820 ppm);found in Leaf (12500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (42135 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (5000 ppm);found in Stem (5400 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Potassium found in Fruit (8710 ppm);found in Stem (16200 ppm);found in Leaf (16000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1855 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Stem (162 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-2-hexenal Fruit
Aluminum Stem 4 378
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 660 1,855
Ash Fruit 9,000 25,280
Leaf 50,000
Stem 22,000 54,000
Barium Leaf 1 910
Stem 3 1,080
Benzothiazole Fruit
Borneol Fruit
Bornyl-acetate Fruit
Boron Leaf 4 50
Stem 1 38
Calcium Fruit 270 758
Stem 2,640 17,820
Leaf 1,150 12,500
Carbohydrates Fruit 335,000 941,000
Chromium Leaf 0 1
Stem 0 2.7
Cobalt Leaf 0 100
Stem 0 54
Copper Leaf 1 7.5
Stem 0.2 108
Delphinidin Plant
Fat Fruit 4,000 11,230
Seed 26,000
Fiber Fruit 15,000 42,135
Gallium Leaf 0 0.25
Iron Fruit 25 70
Leaf 15 500
Stem 3 1,620
Kaempferol Plant
Kilocalories Fruit 1,270 3,567
Lanthanum Leaf 1.5 15
Stem 0.7 16.2
Lead Leaf 0.5 35
Stem 0.2 81
Magnesium Leaf 1,500 5,000
Stem 660 5,400
Manganese Leaf 25 1,500
Stem 22 1,080
Molbdenum Leaf 0 1
Molybdenum Stem 0 1.08
Myricetin Plant
Neodymium Leaf 3.5 15
Stem 1.5 37.8
Neryl-acetate Fruit
Nickel Leaf 0.3 16
Stem 0.1 8
Palmitic-acid Fruit
Phenyl-acetaldehyde Fruit
Phenylethyl-acetate Fruit
Phosphorus Fruit 260 730
Stem 132 2,592
Leaf 450 1,500
Potassium Fruit 3,100 8,710
Stem 1,716 16,200
Leaf 7,500 16,000
Protein Fruit 8,000 22,470
Seed 100,000
Quercetin Plant
Sodium Fruit 10 28
Strontium Leaf 7 1,000
Stem 6.6 378
Titanium Leaf 0.2 50
Stem 0 162
Vanadium Leaf 0.25 1.5
Stem 0.11 1.08
Water Fruit 644,000
Ytterbium Leaf 0.1 1
Stem 0.04 0.38
Yttrium Leaf 0.2 15
Stem 0.1 16.2
Zinc Leaf 5 25
Stem 9 162
Zirconium Leaf 1 3.5
Stem 0.4 1.6
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]