Diospyros melanoxylon Health effects and herbal facts

Coromandel Ebony or East Indian Ebony is a species of flowering tree in the family Ebenaceae that is native to India and Sri Lanka and that has a hard, dry bark. Its common name derives from Coromandel, the coast of southeastern India. Locally it is known as temburini or by its Hindi name tendu. In Odisha and Jharkhand it is known as kendu. The leaves can be wrapped around tobacco to create the Indian beedi, which has outsold conventional cigarettes in India.

Diospyros melanoxylon

Medical use

Gallery

Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon Diospyros melanoxylon

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Sri Lanka

Biological activities

Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Antiviral
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood (1000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (100 ppm);found in Plant (50 ppm);found in Heart Wood (100 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark (5000 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark (2500 ppm);found in Wood (200 ppm);found in Plant (2000 ppm);found in Heart Wood (200 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulin Bark 5,000
Fruit
Leaf
Stem Bark 2,500
Wood 100 200
Plant 2,000
Heart Wood 200
Betulinic-acid Bark
Wood 100 1,000
Fruit
Leaf
Stem Bark 100
Plant 50
Heart Wood 100
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]