Dioscorea villosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinaroot wild yam

Dioscorea villosa is a species of a twining tuberous vine that is native to eastern North America. It is common and widespread in a range stretching from Texas and Florida north to Minnesota, Ontario and Massachusetts. Creams and dietary supplements made from Dioscorea villosa are claimed to contain human hormones and promoted as a medicine for a variety of purposes, including cancer prevention and the treatment of Crohn's disease and whooping cough. However, according to the American Cancer Society, the claims are false and there is no evidence to support these substances being either safe or effective.

Dioscorea villosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Dioscorea villosa

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea villosa

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota , Missouri, Nebraska , Oklahoma , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (200000 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Tin found in Root (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Tin found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Tuber (23000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Tuber (23000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (200000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (1730 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Campesterol found in Root (200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (210 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Tuber (23000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (210 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (1730 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Mucilage found in Root (150000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (210 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (14.7 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Root (150000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (200000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (210 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (14.7 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Tuber (23000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Fungicide
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Tuber (23000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (1770 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Campesterol found in Root (200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Tuber (23000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Mucilage found in Root (150000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Root (1000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (1730 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Tuber (23000 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (1730 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (210 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Tin found in Root (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (200000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (100 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (19 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (29 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (700 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.8 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (3060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1630 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (10 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (5420 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Rhizome (149 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (5.6 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Root 50 210
Ascorbic-acid Rhizome 149
Root 110 460
Ash Root 19,680 82,000
Beta-carotene Root 7 29
Beta-sitosterol Root 70 700
Calcium Root 734 3,060
Campesterol Root 20 200
Carbohydrates Root 215,280 897,000
Chromium Root 0.6 2.6
Cobalt Root 3.5 14.7
Diosgenin Plant
Tissue Culture
Tuber 23,000
Fat Root 1,440 6,000
Fiber(crude) Root 130,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 360,000
Iron Root 7 31
Magnesium Root 391 1,630
Manganese Root 1.5 6.4
Mucilage Root 36,000 150,000
Niacin Root 2.4 10
Phosphorus Root 415 1,730
Phytosterols Root 100 1,000
Potassium Root 1,301 5,420
Protein Root 14,640 61,000
Riboflavin Root 0.1 0.6
Sapogenins Tuber 13,000
Selenium Root 0.2 0.8
Silicon Root
Sodium Root 425 1,770
Starch Root 48,000 200,000
Stigmasterol Root 10 100
Thiamine Root 0.3 1.1
Tin Root 4.6 19
Water Root 760,000
Zinc Root 1.3 5.6
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]