Dioscorea bulbifera Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
aerial yam air-potato bitter yam cheeky yam potato yam

Dioscorea bulbifera, the air potato, is a true yam species in the Dioscoreaceae, or true yam family. It is known as varahi in Sanskrit, kaachil in Malayalam and dukkar kand in Marathi. It is native to Africa, southern Asia and northern Australia. It is widely cultivated and has escaped to become naturalized in many regions.

Dioscorea bulbifera

Medical use

Economic importance of Dioscorea bulbifera

Environmental ornamental
Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscorea bulbifera

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
    • West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Tuber (800000 ppm)
Analgesic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.37 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Tuber
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Tuber
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antibacterial
Tannin found in Tuber
Anticancer
Tannin found in Tuber
Anticanker
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Tuber
Anticataract
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Tuber
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Tuber
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Tuber (4500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Tuber
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Tannin found in Tuber
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Tuber (4500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Tuber
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Tannin found in Tuber
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Tuber
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Tuber (800000 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Tuber
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Tuber (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Antioxidant
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Tannin found in Tuber
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Tuber
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Tuber
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiseptic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Tuber (4500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Tuber
Antitumor
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Tannin found in Tuber
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Tannin found in Tuber
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Antiviral
Tannin found in Tuber
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Tuber (1000 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Tannin found in Tuber
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Tuber
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Tuber
Collagenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Tuber
Deodorant
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Tuber
Emollient
Starch found in Tuber (800000 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Estrogenic
Diosgenin found in Tuber (4500 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Tuber
Hepatoprotective
Diosgenin found in Tuber (4500 ppm)
Tannin found in Tuber
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Rhizome (378 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Tuber (4500 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Rhizome (4 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Tuber (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Tuber
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Tuber
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Tuber
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Tuber
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Tuber
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Tuber
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Tuber (4500 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Rhizome (0.02 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Tuber
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Tuber (1000 ppm)
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.37 ppm)
Tannin found in Tuber
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Tuber (800000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Tuber
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Rhizome (2379 ppm)
Fiber found in Tuber (96400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (3570 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Rhizome (12 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Tuber

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2,4,5,6-tetrahydroxyphenanthrene Tuber
2,4,6,7-tetrahydroxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene Tuber
Arsenic Rhizome 0.37
Ash Tuber 9,000 31,000
Calcium Rhizome 690 2,379
Calcium-oxalate Tuber
Carbohydrates Tuber 265,000 914,900
Copper Rhizome 8
D-sorbitol Rhizome
Diosbulbin-a Tuber
Diosbulbin-b Tuber
Diosbulbin-c Tuber
Diosbulbin-d Tuber
Diosbulbin-e Tuber
Diosbulbin-f Tuber
Diosbulbin-g Tuber
Diosbulbin-h Tuber
Diosbulbinoside-d Tuber
Diosbulbinoside-f Tuber
Diosgenin Tuber 4,500
Fat Tuber 1,000 12,800
Fiber Tuber 9,000 96,400
Gum Tuber 900
Iron Rhizome 40
Kilocalories Tuber 1,120 3,860
Magnesium Rhizome 370
Manganese Rhizome 4
Mercury Rhizome 0.02
Phosphorus Tuber 290 1,000
Phosphorus-oxide-(p2o5) Tuber 4,500 7,700
Potassium Rhizome 3,570
Protein Tuber 15,000 133,100
Saponin Tuber 57,000
Sodium Rhizome 378
Starch Tuber 800,000
Tannin Tuber
Water Tuber 710,000
Zinc Rhizome 12
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]