Digitalis purpurea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
digitalis foxglove

Digitalis purpurea, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Digitalis, in the family Scrophulariaceae, native and widespread throughout most of temperate Europe. It is also naturalised in parts of North America and some other temperate regions. The plants are well known as the original source of the heart medicine digoxin,.

Digitalis purpurea

Medical use

Economic importance of Digitalis purpurea

Environmental ornamental
Medicines source of digitalin, digitoxin, & gitalin
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Italy - Sardinia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain - Baleares
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Ant-Repellent
Loliolide found in Leaf
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Flower
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Inositol found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Leaf
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Flower
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Digitonin found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Gitoxigenin found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antichoreic
Choline found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Leaf
Inositol found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Leaf
Antidementia
Choline found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Antidote
Digitoxin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Leaf
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Digitoxin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Gitogenin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antileukorrheic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Digitolutein found in Leaf
Antimanic
Choline found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Flower
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Saponins found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Digitolutein found in Leaf
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Digitonin found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antistress
Apigenin found in Flower
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Digitoxin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Tigogenin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Antiviral
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Digitoxin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Gitoxin found in Leaf (250 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antixerotic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Flower
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Bruchiphobe
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Flower
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Strospeside found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Digitalin found in Plant
Digitoxin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Gitalin found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Gitoxin found in Leaf (250 ppm)
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Leaf
Cholinergic
Choline found in Leaf
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Fungistat
Digitonin found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Flower
Choline found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Saponins found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Flower
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Choline found in Leaf
Inositol found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Choline found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Flower
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Flower
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Flower
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Flower
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Flower
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Digitonin found in Leaf ;found in Seed (4000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Gitoxin found in Leaf (250 ppm)
Loliolide found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Progestational
Apigenin found in Flower
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Flower
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Flower
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Sedative
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Spasmogenic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Stimulant
Digitoxin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Inositol found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Toxic
Digitalin found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Inositol found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-methoxy-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-anthraquinone Leaf
1-methoxy-2-methyl-anthraquinone Leaf
14alpha-digipronin Plant
16-acetylgitoxin Leaf
3-methoxy-2-methyl-anthraquinone Leaf
3-methyl-alizarin Leaf
3-methylpurpurin Plant
4-hydroxydigitolutein Leaf
6,8-dihydroxymyricetin Leaf
Acetic-acid Leaf
Acetyl-choline Leaf
Apigenin Flower
Apigenin-glucosylapioside Flower
Benzoic-acid Leaf
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Cardeonolides Leaf 1,600 4,000
Cerotic-acid Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Choline Leaf
Citric-acid Leaf
Cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside Leaf
Degalactotigogenin Leaf
Desglucodigitonin Seed 2,500
Digacetenin Leaf
Digalogenin Leaf
Digalonin Leaf
Digicitrin Leaf
Digifolein Leaf
Digifucocellobioside Seed 30
Diginin Leaf
Digipronin Leaf
Digiproside Leaf 5
Digipurpurin Leaf 225 560
Digipurpurogenin Plant
Digitalin Plant
Digitalonin Leaf
Digitogenin Leaf
Digitolutein Leaf
Digitonin Leaf
Seed 4,000
Digitopurpon Leaf
Digitoxigenin Leaf 1 10
Digitoxigenin-bisdigitoxoside Leaf 10 30
Digitoxigenin-glucomethyloside Leaf 30 100
Digitoxin Leaf 20 3,000
Dinatin Leaf
Evatromonoside Leaf 5 50
F-gitonin Leaf
Fat Leaf 12,200
Seed 500,000
Ferulic-acid Leaf
Formic-acid Leaf
Gallic-acid Leaf
Gitalin Leaf 3,000 9,000
Gitaloxigenin Leaf 1 10
Gitaloxigenin-bisdigitoxoside Leaf 1 20
Gitaloxin Leaf 10 300
Gitogenin Leaf 2,000 3,000
Gitonin Leaf
Seed 1,500
Gitorin Plant
Gitoroside Leaf 5 30
Gitostin Seed 200
Gitoxigenin Leaf 1 10
Gitoxigenin-bisdigitoxoside Leaf 1 20
Gitoxin Leaf 20 250
Gitoxincellobioside Seed 2
Gitoxoside Plant
Gluco-evatromonoside Leaf 20 250
Seed 200
Glucodigifucoside Leaf 10 30
Seed 600
Glucodigitoxigenin-bisdigitoxoside Leaf 20 120
Seed 10
Glucodigitoxigenin-glucomethyloside Leaf
Glucogitaloxigenin-bisdigitoxoside Leaf 10 100
Seed 20
Glucogitaloxin Leaf 100 1,000
Seed 200
Glucogitoroside Leaf 20 150
Seed 30
Glucogitoxigenin-bisdigitoxoside Leaf 20 80
Glucolanadoxin Leaf 20 200
Seed 150
Glucoverodoxin Leaf 100 400
Seed 1,000
Inositol Leaf
Isochrysophanol Leaf
Lactic-acid Leaf
Lanadoxin Leaf 5 30
Lanafolin Leaf
Loliolide Leaf
Luteolin Leaf
Luteolin-5-xyloside-7-glucuronide Leaf
Luteolin-7-d-glucoside Leaf
Luteolin-7-xyloside-5-glucuronide Leaf
Luteolin-diglucoside Flower
Luteolin-l-7-glucosyl-glucuronide Leaf
Luteolin-l-7-glucuronide Leaf
Melissyl-alcohol Leaf
Neodigitogenin Plant
Neodigtalogenin Plant
Neogitostin Seed 200
Odorobioside-g Leaf 20 50
Seed 50 100
Odorobioside-h Leaf 5
P-coumaric-acid Leaf
Pelargonidin-3,5-diglucoside Leaf
Phomarin Leaf
Phomarin-6-methyl-ether Leaf
Purlanoside-b Seed 20
Purpnin Plant
Purprin Leaf
Purpronin Leaf
Purpureagitoside Plant
Purpureaglycoside-a Leaf 200 1,200
Seed 30
Purpureaglycoside-b Leaf 200 800
Seed 10
Saponins Seed 10,000
Sitosterol Leaf
Spirostanol-glycosides Leaf 10,000
Strospeside Leaf 50 200
Succinic-acid Leaf
Tigogenin Leaf 4,000 7,000
Tigonin Leaf
Seed 300
Triacontane Leaf
Verodoxin Leaf 50 200
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]