Digitalis lanata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
digitalis Grecian foxglove woolly digitalis woolly foxglove

Digitalis lanata is a species of foxglove. It gets its name due to the texture of the leaves. Digitalis lanata, like some other foxglove species, is highly toxic in all parts of the plant. Even the ingestion of small amounts by humans can be fatal particularly for children. Symptoms of digitalis poisoning include nausea, vomiting, severe headache, dilated pupils, problems with eyesight, and convulsions at the worst level of toxicity. The plant is also harmful to other animals. In some cases it is considered invasive or a noxious weed. Minnesota is one of the few places that consider it invasive as noted by the Western Weed Society. It is in leaf all year, in flower in June and July, and the seeds ripen in early-mid September. The flowers are hermaphroditic. Bees pollinate the flowers; the flowers are quite attractive.

Digitalis lanata

Medical use

Economic importance of Digitalis lanata

Environmental ornamental
Medicines source of acetyldigoxin, deslanoside, digoxin, & lanatosides A,B,C
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Digitalis lanata Digitalis lanata Digitalis lanata Digitalis lanata Digitalis lanata Digitalis lanata Digitalis lanata Digitalis lanata Digitalis lanata

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Hungary; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Moldova
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Romania; Serbia
    Naturalized
    • East Europe: Ukraine

Biological activities

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Scutellarein found in Leaf
Allergenic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Cycloartenol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Gitoxigenin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Lanatoside-a found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Lanatoside-b found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Lanatoside-c found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Seed (100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antichoreic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Antidementia
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Antidote
Digitoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Digitoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiflu
Lanatoside-a found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Lanatoside-b found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Scutellarein found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Cycloartenol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Scutellarein found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antimanic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Campesterol found in Plant
Cholesterol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Scutellarein found in Leaf
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antirheumatic
Cycloartenol found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Cycloartenol found in Leaf
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Lanatoside-c found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antitumor
Digitoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Digitoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Gitoxin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Lanatoside-a found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Lanatoside-b found in Leaf (500 ppm);found in Seed (20 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Scutellarein found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Luteolin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Digoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Scutellarein found in Leaf
Cardiac
Strospeside found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Diginatin found in Leaf
Digitoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Digoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Gitoxin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Choleretic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Cholinergic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Leaf
Digitalic
Lanatoside-c found in Leaf (2400 ppm);found in Seed (100 ppm)
Diuretic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Estrogen
Digoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Estrogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hallucinogenic
Digoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Campesterol found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hypokalemic
Digoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Hypotensive
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Choline found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Pesticide
Cycloartenol found in Leaf
Gitoxin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Scutellarein found in Leaf
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Spasmogenic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Stimulant
Digitoxin found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Toxic
Diginatin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Cycloartenol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-methoxy-2-methyl-anthraquinone Leaf
24-methylene-cycloartenol Leaf
28-isofucosterol Plant
3-methoxy-2-methyl-anthraquinone Leaf
4-methyl-scutellarein Leaf
5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3',6'-dimethoxyflavone Leaf
5,7,4'-trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavone Leaf
Acetyl-choline Leaf
Acetyldigitoxins Leaf 50 300
Acetyldigoxins Leaf 50 300
Acetylgitaloxins Leaf 10 20
Acetylgitoxins Leaf 10 50
Campesterol Plant
Cholesterol Plant
Choline Leaf 1,000
Cycloartenol Leaf
Desacetyllanatoside-c Leaf 50 120
Seed 20
Digilanidase Leaf
Digilutein Leaf
Diginatigenin Leaf
Diginatin Leaf
Digiproside Leaf 10 30
Digitogenin Plant
Digitoxigenin Leaf 50 200
Digitoxigenin-allomethyloside Leaf
Digitoxigenin-bisdigitoxoside Leaf 5
Digitoxigenin-digilanidobioside Plant
Digitoxigenin-glucomethyloside Leaf 30 100
Digitoxigenin-glucoside Leaf 10 30
Seed 20
Digitoxin Leaf 50 200
Digoxigenin Leaf 5 20
Digoxigenin-digitoxoside Leaf
Digoxin Leaf 50 200
Digoxoside Leaf
Evatromonoside Leaf 30 50
Gitaloxigenin Leaf 1 10
Gitaloxin Leaf 50
Gitoroside Leaf 50 200
Gitoxigenin Leaf 5 20
Gitoxigenin-fucoside Leaf 5
Gitoxin Leaf 10 50
Gluco-evatromonoside Leaf 200 600
Seed 800 1,300
Glucodigifucoside Leaf 100 300
Seed 100 200
Glucodigitoxigenin-acetylglucomethyloside Leaf 10 30
Seed 20
Glucodigitoxigenin-allomethyloside Leaf 50 100
Seed 20
Glucodigitoxigenin-bisdigitoxoside Leaf 20 120
Glucodigitoxigenin-glucomethyloside Leaf 10
Plant
Glucodigoxigenin-bisdigitoxoside Leaf 150 500
Seed 30 50
Glucodigoxigenin-digitoxoside Leaf 50 100
Seed 30 50
Glucogitaloxin Leaf 10 30
Glucogitofucoside Leaf 50 200
Seed 50 100
Glucogitoroside Leaf 200 600
Seed 500 100
Glucolanadoxin Leaf 200 1,200
Seed 300
Glucoverodoxin Leaf 200 1,000
Seed 200 300
Glycosides Leaf 10,000
Lanadoxin Leaf 50 200
Lanagitoside Leaf
Lanatigonin Plant
Lanatigoside Leaf
Lanatoside-a Leaf 800 2,400
Seed 100 200
Lanatoside-b Leaf 100 500
Seed 10 20
Lanatoside-c Leaf 800 2,400
Seed 50 100
Lanatoside-d Leaf 20 100
Seed 100
Lanatoside-e Leaf 50 200
Seed 30 50
Luteolin Leaf
Neoacetyldigoxin Leaf
Neodesacetyllanatoside-c Leaf 5 20
Seed 5
Neodigagenin Plant
Neodigitalogenin Plant
Neodigitogenin Plant
Neodigoxin Leaf
Neodigoxoside Leaf
Neoglucodigifucoside Leaf 200 500
Neoglucoverodoxin Leaf 20 100
Neolanatoside-c Leaf 20 100
Seed 50
Neoodorobioside-g Leaf 30 100
Odorobioside-g Leaf 10 30
Seed 50 100
Odorobioside-h Leaf 5
Purpureaglycoside-a Leaf 30 100
Seed 20 250
Purpureaglycoside-b Leaf 200 800
Seed 20
Scutellarein Leaf
Strospeside Leaf 50 200
Tigonin Leaf
Verodoxin Leaf 50 100
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]