Dictamnus albus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
burningbush dittany fraxinella gasplant
Dictamnus albus

Medical use

Economic importance of Dictamnus albus

Environmental ornamental ornamental
Medicines folklore folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals mamals

Gallery

Dictamnus albus Dictamnus albus Dictamnus albus Dictamnus albus Dictamnus albus Dictamnus albus Dictamnus albus Dictamnus albus Dictamnus albus Dictamnus albus

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Syria; Turkey
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Eastern Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Abortifacient
Fraxinellone found in Plant ;found in Root
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Acaricide
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Adrenostimulant
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Shoot
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Analgesic
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anesthetic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
AntiCVI
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Aurapten found in Leaf
Bergapten found in Root
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Estragole found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Root
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticapillary-Fragility
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Diosmin found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Anticataleptic
Limonin found in Root
Obacunone found in Root
Anticataract
Rutin found in Leaf
Antichoreic
Choline found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Root
Anticlastogen
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Bergapten found in Root
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Root
Anticytotoxic
Diosmin found in Leaf
Antidementia
Choline found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Psoralen found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Choline found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Root
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Limonin found in Root
Myricetin found in Leaf
Obacunone found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Shoot
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Fraxinellone found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Bergapten found in Root
Diosmin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Root
Antihyperglycemic
Trigonelline found in Root
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Root
Antikeratotic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonin found in Root
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Root
Psoralen found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Diosmin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Limonin found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Antimanic
Choline found in Root
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimetrorrhagic
Diosmin found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Trigonelline found in Root
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Root
Psoralen found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antimycotic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Camphene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot
Antiperiodontic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipityriasic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Bergapten found in Root
Psoralen found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Root
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Aurapten found in Leaf
Bergapten found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Root
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Diosmin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Psoralen found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Bergapten found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitussive
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Antiulcer
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antivitiligic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Bacteriophagicide
Psoralen found in Leaf
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Bufocide
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Bergapten found in Root
Skimmianine found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Skimmianine found in Leaf
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Bergapten found in Root
Estragole found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower ;found in Shoot (605 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (605 ppm)
Psoralen found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Estragole found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Bergapten found in Root
Estragole found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Root
Cardiotonic
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Catabolic
Rutin found in Leaf
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Root
Chemopreventive
Diosmin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Root
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Root
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Contraceptive
Psoralen found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Diosmin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Psoralen found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Root
DNA-Binder
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Estragole found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower ;found in Shoot (605 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (605 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Shoot
Dermatitigenic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Diosmin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Ecbolic
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Emetic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Root
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Estragole found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Fungicide
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Psoralen found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Genotoxic
Psoralen found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Hemostat
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Estragole found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower ;found in Shoot (605 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (605 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Choline found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Hypertensive
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Trigonelline found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Diosmin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Trigonelline found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Bergapten found in Root
Choline found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower ;found in Shoot (605 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (605 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Root
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Estragole found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower ;found in Shoot (605 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (605 ppm)
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Estragole found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Juvabional
Rutin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Root
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Choline found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Leaf
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Leaf
MDR-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Choline found in Root
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Mutagenic
Bergapten found in Root
Estragole found in Plant
Myricetin found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Trigonelline found in Root
Myocontractant
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Myotonic
Skimmianine found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Root
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Diosmin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Root
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Estragole found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Camphene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Limonin found in Root
Methyl-chavicol found in Flower ;found in Shoot (605 ppm);found in Shoot (200 ppm);found in Shoot (605 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Obacunone found in Root
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot
Trigonelline found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Photoactive
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Photocarcinogenic
Psoralen found in Leaf
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Phototoxic
Bergapten found in Root
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Psoralen found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
Psoralen found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Leaf
Propecic
Trigonelline found in Root
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Myricetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Diosmin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (0.7 ppm);found in Shoot (0.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Uterocontractant
Dictamnine found in Root (500 ppm)
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Myricetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf
Venoprotective
Diosmin found in Leaf
Venotonic
Diosmin found in Leaf
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (80 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm);found in Shoot (43 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-anethol Shoot 1,215 1,540
Shoot 1,215
Shoot 1,540
(e)-beta-ocimene Shoot 6 7
Shoot 7
Shoot 6
(z)-3-hexenyl-acetate Shoot 1.5 5
Shoot 1.5
Shoot 5
(z)-anethol Shoot 12 16
Shoot 16
Shoot 12
(z)-beta-ocimene Shoot 15
Shoot 0.5 15
Shoot 0.5
Alpha-pinene Shoot 0.7
Shoot 0.7 1
Shoot 1
Alpha-terpineol Shoot 2
Shoot 2 8
Shoot 8
Anethol Flower
Aurapten Leaf
Bergapten Root
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot 55
Shoot 23
Shoot 23 55
Beta-pinene Shoot 0.5 0.7
Shoot 0.5
Shoot 0.7
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Camphene Shoot 0.7
Shoot 1
Shoot 0.7 1
Carvacrol Shoot 80
Shoot 15 80
Shoot 15
Choline Root
Cineole Leaf
Cyanidin-rhamnoglucoside Leaf
Delphinidin-rhamnoglucoside Leaf
Dictagymnin Shoot 3,535
Shoot 2,555 3,535
Shoot 2,555
Dictamnine Root 500
Dictamnolactone Root
Dictamnolide Root
Diosmin Leaf
Eo Flower 500
Leaf 1,500
Shoot 5,500
Shoot 5,500 7,200
Shoot 7,200
Estragole Plant
Feniculin Shoot 545 1,650
Shoot 545
Shoot 1,650
Fraxinellone Plant
Root
Gamma-fagarine Root 30
Gamma-terpinene Shoot 40
Shoot 6 40
Shoot 6
Isodictamnine Root
Isomaculosidine Plant
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Limonene Shoot 13 17
Limonin Root
Linalol Shoot 4
Shoot 1.5 4
Shoot 1.5
Linonene Shoot 17
Shoot 13
Methyl-chavicol Flower
Shoot 605
Shoot 200
Shoot 200 605
Myrcene Leaf
Shoot 1
Shoot 0.7 1
Shoot 0.7
Myricetin Leaf
Nonanal Shoot 11
Shoot 4
Shoot 4 11
Obaculactone Root
Obacunone Root
P-cymol Leaf
Phenolcarbonic-acid Root
Pregeijerene Shoot 0.7
Shoot 0.7 3
Shoot 3
Preskimmianine Plant
Psoralen Leaf
Rutin Leaf
Saponin Root
Skimmianine Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol Shoot 3
Shoot 43
Shoot 3 43
Terpinolene Shoot
Trigonelline Root
Xanthotoxin Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]