Dianthus superbus Health effects and herbal facts
Dianthus superbus is a species of Dianthus native to Europe and northern Asia, from northernmost Spain and France north to arctic Norway, and east to Japan; in the south of its range, it occurs at high altitudes, up to 2,400 m.
It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall. The leaves are green to greyish green, slender, up to 8 cm long. The flowers are sweetly scented, 3–5 cm in diameter, with five deeply cut fringed petals, pink to lavender with a greenish base; they are produced in branched clusters at the top of the stems from early to late summer.
There are six subspecies:
Dianthus superbus subsp. superbus. Most of the species' range.
Dianthus superbus subsp. autumnalis Oberd. Southwestern France.
Dianthus superbus subsp. sylvestris Čelak. Germany.
Dianthus superbus subsp. alpestris Kablík. ex Čelak.. Alps, Carpathians, at high altitudes. Shorter stems; leaves greyer; flowers large.
Dianthus superbus subsp. stenocalyx Kleopow. Southern Russia, Ukraine.
Dianthus superbus subsp. longicalycinus Kitam. Japan. Also called nadeshiko.
It is the only food source of the large moth Coleophora musculella.
Economic importance of Dianthus superbus
- Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
- Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
- Mongolia: Mongolia
- Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
- China: China - Anhui, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Zhejiang
- Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
- Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway ; Sweden
- Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands ; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
- East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
- Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece - Macedonia ; Italy ; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
- Southwestern Europe: France