Dianthus caryophyllus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
border carnation carnation clove pink divine-flower gilly-flower

Dianthus caryophyllus, carnation or clove pink, is a species of Dianthus. It is probably native to the Mediterranean region but its exact range is unknown due to extensive cultivation for the last 2,000 years. It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall. The leaves are glaucous greyish green to blue-green, slender, up to 15 cm long. The flowers are produced singly or up to five together in a cyme; they are 3–5 cm diameter, and sweetly scented; the original natural flower colour is bright pinkish-purple, but cultivars of other colours, including red, white, yellow and green, have been developed. Some fragrance-less carnation cultivars are often used as boutonnieres for men.

Dianthus caryophyllus

Medical use

Economic importance of Dianthus caryophyllus

Environmental ornamental
Gene sources ornamental features
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Dianthus caryophyllus Dianthus caryophyllus Dianthus caryophyllus Dianthus caryophyllus Dianthus caryophyllus Dianthus caryophyllus Dianthus caryophyllus Dianthus caryophyllus Dianthus caryophyllus Dianthus caryophyllus

Biological activities

Acaricide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Seed
Allergenic
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Benzyl-salicylate found in Flower (145 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Analgesic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Anesthetic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
AntiHIV
Dianthin-30 found in Leaf
Dianthin-32 found in Leaf
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antiapoptotic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root
Antibacterial
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Anticancer
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Anticarcinogenic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Anticollegenase
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Pectin found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Root
Antidysmenorrheic
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Antiedemic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antielastase
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antifeedant
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Root
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Root
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Seed
Antihyperglycemic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antihyperinsulinemic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antihyperleptinemic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antilithic
Pectin found in Root
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Root
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antimyopic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antiobesity
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Pectin found in Root
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Seed
Antioxidant
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed
Antiproliferant
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antiproteinigenic
Dianthin-30 found in Leaf
Dianthin-32 found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Antiribosomal
Dianthin-30 found in Leaf
Dianthin-32 found in Leaf
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antiseptic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antitumor
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Root
Antiulcer
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antivaricose
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Antiviral
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Dianthin-30 found in Leaf
Dianthin-32 found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Artemicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Candidicide
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Carminative
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Pectin found in Root
Choleretic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Seed
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Root
Sucrose found in Seed
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
FLavor
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Benzyl-salicylate found in Flower (145 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Seed
Stachyose found in Seed
Sucrose found in Seed
Fungicide
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Kaempferide-triglycoside found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Goitrogenic
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Hemostat
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Pectin found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Herbicide
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Pectin found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Pectin found in Root
Hypotensive
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Insecticide
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Insectiphile
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Irritant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
NO-Scavenger
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Nematicide
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Pediculicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Perfumery
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Root
Pesticide
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Flower (29 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Preservative
Sucrose found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Scabicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Flower (1160 ppm)
Sedative
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Seed
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Vasoactive
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Vasodilator
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Vasoprotective
Anthocyanins found in Flower
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Flower (870 ppm)
Vulnerary
Sucrose found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]