Datura metel Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
downy thorn-apple Hindu datura Hindu thorn-apple hoary thorn-apple horn-of-plenty metel purple thorn-apple

Datura metel is a shrub-like perennial herb, commonly known as devil's trumpet and metel. Datura metel grows in the wild in all the warmer parts of the world, such as India and is cultivated worldwide for its chemical and ornamental properties. It was first described by Linnaeus in 1753, but no botanically correct illustrations or descriptions were made until after the New World was settled. It is not possible to be sure about its original home. The plant is an annual herb growing up to 3 ft. high. It is slightly furry, with dark violet shoots and oval to broad oval leaves that are often dark violet as well. The pleasantly-scented 6-8 in. flowers are immensely varied, and can be single or double. Colors range from white to cream, yellow, red, and violet. The seed capsule is covered with numerous conical humps and a few spines. It is similar to D. inoxia, but D. metel has almost glabrous leaves and fruits that are knobby, not spiny. D. inoxia is pilose all over and has a spiny fruit.

Datura metel

Medical use

Economic importance of Datura metel

Environmental ornamental
Medicines source of hyoscine
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel Datura metel

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Allergenic
Atropine found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Amnesigenic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Atropine found in Seed
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Atropine found in Seed
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Antianoxic
Atropine found in Seed
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Atropine found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Atropine found in Seed
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antibradycardic
Atropine found in Seed
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Tigloidine found in Root
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antidandruff
Allantoin found in Seed
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antideliriant
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiemetic
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antiemphysemic
Atropine found in Seed
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antienuretic
Atropine found in Seed
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antihiccup
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Allantoin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antiiritic
Atropine found in Seed
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antimanic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antimuscarinic
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Tigloidine found in Root
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antioxidant
Allantoin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Tigloidine found in Root
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antipeptic
Allantoin found in Seed
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Atropine found in Seed
Antiperspirant
Atropine found in Seed
Antipertussic
Atropine found in Seed
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antipolio
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Allantoin found in Seed
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiradicular
Allantoin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antisialogogue
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Tigloidine found in Root
Antispermatorrheic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Antiulcer
Allantoin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antiuveitic
Atropine found in Seed
Antivertigo
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Antivinous
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Tigloidine found in Root
CNS-Stimulant
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Choleretic
Atropine found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Cyclopegic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Hyperkinetic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Hyperpyrexic
Atropine found in Seed
Hypnotic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Allantoin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Insecticide
Atropine found in Seed
Insectifuge
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Irritant
Caproic-acid found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Keratolytic
Allantoin found in Seed
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Mydriatic
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Atropine found in Seed
Tigloidine found in Root
Neurotoxic
Atropine found in Seed
Paralytic
Atropine found in Seed
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Atropine found in Seed
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Photophobigenic
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Preanesthetic
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Psychoactive
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Psychotomimetic
Atropine found in Seed
Sedative
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Tigloidine found in Root
Sunscreen
Allantoin found in Seed
Suppurative
Allantoin found in Seed
Tachycardic
Atropine found in Seed
Scopolamine found in Leaf (1750 ppm);found in Root (1170 ppm);found in Stem (390 ppm);found in Seed (3235 ppm)
Toxic
Hyoscyamine found in Root (3560 ppm)
Tropine found in Root
Transdermal
Atropine found in Seed
Tumorigenic
Atropine found in Seed
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)
Atropine found in Seed
Vulnerary
Allantoin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (2220 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3-alpha-tigloyloxytropane Root
3alpha,6beta-ditigloyloxytropan-7beta-ol Root
3alpha,6beta-ditigloyloxytropane Root
3alpha-acetoxytropane Root
7-hydroxy-3,6-ditigloyloxytropane Root
Alkaloids Flower 1,700 9,800
Seed 1,700 5,900
Sprout Seedling 1,900
Stem 300 4,100
Fruit 890 2,700
Leaf 700 5,500
Plant 900 5,500
Root 1,000 7,000
Allantoin Seed
Alpha-linoleic-acid Seed 28,260
Apohyoscine Root
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 2,220
Atropine Seed
Beta-linoleic-acid Seed 3,500
Caproic-acid Seed 1,200
Coumarins Seed
Cuscohygrine Root
Daturanolone Seed
Fastusine Root
Fastusinine Seed
Fastussic-acid Seed
Fat Seed 100,000 120,000
Festudine Seed
Festunine Seed
Festusic-acid Seed
Hyoscine Root
Hyoscyamine Root 2,330 3,560
Meteloidine Root
Noratropine Root
Norhyoscine Root
Norhyoscyamine Root
Oleic-acid Seed 73,000
Scopolamine Leaf 1,750
Root 1,170
Stem 390
Seed 340 3,235
Tigloidine Root
Tropine Root
Withametelin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]