Cyrtosperma chamissonis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
giant swamp-taro
Cyrtosperma chamissonis

Economic importance of Cyrtosperma chamissonis

Human food starch vegetable

Gallery

Cyrtosperma chamissonis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Brunei; Indonesia - Irian Jaya, Java, Kalimantan, Sumatra; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia - Marquesas Islands, Society Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Samoa; Solomon Islands

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (655340 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Root (4 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (22 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Iron found in Root (22 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (22 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (655340 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Boron found in Root (4 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Boron found in Root (4 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (790 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (63 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (63 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (790 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (63 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (19370 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (655340 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (63 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Root (4 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (4855 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (790 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (19370 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (19370 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (19370 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (790 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (63 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (655340 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Iron found in Root (22 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (195 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.2 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10630 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (127265 ppm);found in Root (114563 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1215 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (2575 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (762 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Root 13 63
Ascorbic-acid Root 0 762
Ash Leaf 16,000 145,545
Root 5,700 35,925
Beta-carotene Root 0 0.2
Boron Root 0.8 4
Calcium Root 1,450 10,630
Calcium-oxalate Root 3,990 19,370
Citrates Root 500 2,425
Copper Root 0.9 4.4
Fat Leaf 6,000 54,545
Root 1,000 6,800
Fiber Leaf 14,000 127,265
Root 23,600 114,563
Iron Root 4 22
Kilocalories Leaf 348 3,164
Root 619 3,005
Magnesium Root 180 1,215
Malates Root 1,060 8,250
Manganese Root 2.2 12
Niacin Root 4 22
Oxalate Plant 2,970 14,565
Phosphorus Root 140 790
Potassium Root 530 2,575
Protein Leaf 32,000 290,900
Root 4,500 27,670
Riboflavin Root 0.2 1
Sodium Root 440 4,855
Starch Root 135,000 655,340
Sucinates Root 1,400 21,845
Sugars Root 5,000 51,455
Sulfur Root 26 195
Thiamin Root 0.1 1.2
Water Leaf 890,000
Root 600,000 794,000
Zinc Root 10 50
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]