Cyperus rotundus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
coco-grass ground-almond Java-grass nut sedge nut-grass purple nut sedge purple nut-grass red nut sedge
Cyperus rotundus

Medical use

Economic importance of Cyperus rotundus

Harmful organism host crop pests
Environmental erosion control
Human food vegetable
Animal food forage
Materials beads esential oils
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Middle Atlantic Ocean: St. Helena
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Western Sahara
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan; Yemen - Socotra
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China - Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; U.S. Outlying Islands - Wake Island
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia - Society Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Niue; Tonga
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (92000 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Allelochemic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.29 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Rhizome (430 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Antianemic
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Iron found in Rhizome (430 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Anticancer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Anticanker
Iron found in Rhizome (430 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Root
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Rhizome (430 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Root
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antifeedant
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antifertility
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiflu
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antileukemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antilipolytic
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antimalarial
Alpha-cyperone found in Root (5000 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Root
Cyperene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Rhizome (430 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (92000 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Root
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiophidic
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Camphene found in Root
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-cyperone found in Root (5000 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Root
Cyperene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Alpha-cyperone found in Root (5000 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antirenitic
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Root
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antitumor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Root
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Essential Oil
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Candidistat
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Carminative
Copaene found in Root
Chelator
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Contraceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Root
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Root
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Root
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Root
Demulcent
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Root
Deodorant
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Emollient
Starch found in Root (92000 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Root
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Fungistat
Limonene found in Essential Oil
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Hemostat
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Histaminic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Rhizome (254 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (28 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Root
Insecticide
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Laxative
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
MAO-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Myristic-acid found in Rhizome
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Essential Oil
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Root
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Root
Perfumery
Beta-pinene found in Root
Beta-selinene found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Root
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.29 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Root (37200 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Poultice
Starch found in Root (92000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Rhizome (430 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Rhizome
Oleic-acid found in Rhizome
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Psychotropic
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Root
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Root
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Camphene found in Root
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Root
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Root
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (3180 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Tuber
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (33 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Root (16200 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Root
4alpha,5alpha-oxidoeudesm-11-en-3-alpha-ol Rhizome
Alkaloids Root 2,100 2,400
Alpha-cyperone Root 1,500 5,000
Alpha-rotunol Root
Arsenic Rhizome 0.29
Ascorbic-acid Root 90
Beta-cyperone Rhizome
Beta-pinene Root
Beta-rotunol Root
Beta-selinene Root
Calcium Rhizome 3,180
Camphene Root
Copaene Root
Copper Rhizome 10
Cyperene Essential Oil
Cyperenone Essential Oil
Cyperol Essential Oil
Cyperolone Rhizome
Cyperotundone Essential Oil
D-copadiene Root
D-epoxyguaiene Root
D-fructose Root
D-glucose Root
Eo Root 5,000 10,000
Flavonoids Root 12,500
Gamma-cymene Root
Iron Rhizome 430
Isocyperol Rhizome
Isokobusone Rhizome
Kobusone Rhizome
Limonene Essential Oil
Linoleic-acid Rhizome
Linolenic-acid Rhizome
Magnesium Rhizome 1,500
Manganese Rhizome 28
Mustakone Root
Myristic-acid Rhizome
Oleanolic-acid Tuber
Oleanolic-acid-3-o-neohesperidoside Tuber
Oleic-acid Rhizome
P-cymol Root
Patchoulenone Rhizome
Pectin Root 37,200
Polyphenols Root 16,200
Potassium Rhizome 10,100
Resin Root 42,100
Rotundene Root
Rotundenol Root
Rotundone Root
Selinatriene Root
Sitosterol Root
Sodium Rhizome 254
Starch Root 92,000
Stearic-acid Rhizome
Sugars Root 132,200 144,000
Sugenol Rhizome
Sugeonol Rhizome
Sugetriol Rhizome
Zinc Rhizome 33
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]