Cymbopogon winterianus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Burma citronella Java citronella
Cymbopogon winterianus

Economic importance of Cymbopogon winterianus

Environmental erosion control
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Cymbopogon winterianus Cymbopogon winterianus Cymbopogon winterianus Cymbopogon winterianus Cymbopogon winterianus Cymbopogon winterianus Cymbopogon winterianus Cymbopogon winterianus Cymbopogon winterianus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Honduras
    • Brazil: Brazil

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Plant
Acaricide
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Vanillin found in Plant
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (556 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Vanillin found in Plant
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (140 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Elemol found in Plant (420 ppm)
Isopulegol found in Plant
L-limonene found in Plant (350 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antiallergic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antianemic
Vanillin found in Plant
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Neral found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Anticancer
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Plant
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Vanillin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Plant (70 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antileukemic
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Vanillin found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Plant
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Antioxidant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (140 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Vanillin found in Plant
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Antipolio
Vanillin found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Beta-elemene found in Plant (70 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antipyretic
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Antiseptic
2-hexen-1-ol found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (140 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Neral found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Vanillin found in Plant
Antitumor
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Elemol found in Plant (420 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Antiyeast
Vanillin found in Plant
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Plant (70 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Bacteristat
Vanillin found in Plant
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Carminative
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Choleretic
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Emetic
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Estrogenic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Citronellyl-acetate found in Plant (280 ppm)
Citronellyl-butyrate found in Plant
Diacetyl found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (556 ppm)
Geranyl-butyrate found in Plant (233 ppm)
Geranyl-formate found in Plant (175 ppm)
Isopulegol found in Plant
Isovaleraldehyde found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (140 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Fungicide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Vanillin found in Plant
Fungistat
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Vanillin found in Plant
Insect-attractant
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (556 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Citronellyl-acetate found in Plant (280 ppm)
Diacetyl found in Plant
Dipentene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Isobutyl-alcohol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Vanillin found in Plant
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (140 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Isobutyl-alcohol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Perfume
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (556 ppm)
Geranyl-butyrate found in Plant (233 ppm)
Geranyl-formate found in Plant (175 ppm)
Isopulegol found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (140 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Pesticide
2-hexen-1-ol found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Neral found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (556 ppm)
Geranyl-butyrate found in Plant (233 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (140 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (60 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Teratogenic
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellal found in Plant (2289 ppm)
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Neral found in Plant
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Plant (147 ppm)
Toxic
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (161 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (770 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (42 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (3150 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant (539 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Citral found in Plant (14 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Plant (233 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-hexen-1-al Plant
2-hexen-1-ol Plant
Alpha-celanene Plant
Alpha-pinene Plant
Benzaldehyde Plant
Beta-elemene Plant 40 70
Bisabolene Plant
Bourbonene Plant
Cadinol Plant
Calamenene Plant
Caryophyllene Plant 84 147
Citral Plant 8 14
Citronellal Plant 1,000 2,289
Citronellol Plant 440 770
Citronellyl-acetate Plant 80 280
Citronellyl-butyrate Plant
Citronellyl-citronellate Plant 66 233
Cubebene Plant
Cymbopol Plant 60 105
D-1-methyl-3-cyclohexanone Plant
Diacetyl Plant
Dicitronelloxide Plant
Dipentene Plant
Elemol Plant 40 420
Eo Plant 4,000 7,000
Eugenol Plant 66 233
Farnesol Plant 24 42
Furfural Plant
Gamma-cadinene Plant 40 158
Gamma-cadinol Plant 60 105
Geraniol Plant 1,064 3,150
Geranyl-acetate Plant 120 556
Geranyl-butyrate Plant 66 233
Geranyl-formate Plant 100 175
Hydroxycitronellic-acid Plant
Isoamyl-alcohol Plant
Isobutyl-alcohol Plant
Isopulegol Plant
Isovaleraldehyde Plant
L-3-methyl-1-pentanal Plant
L-3-methyl-1-pentanol Plant
L-limonene Plant 80 350
Linalol Plant 40 105
Linalyl-acetate Plant 80 140
Methyl-eugenol Plant 20 60
Methyl-heptenone Plant
Methyl-isoeugenol Plant 92 161
Myrcene Plant
N-1-hexanol Plant
Neral Plant
Nerol Plant 308 539
Sesquicitronellene Plant
Vanillin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]