Cymbopogon nardus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Ceylon citronella citronella citronella grass giant turpentine grass nard grass new citronella grass

Cymbopogon nardus is a perennial of the Poaceae grass family, originating in tropical Asia. It is commonly used as an essential oil known as "citronella oil". Cannot be eaten because of its unpalatable nature. Is an invasive species that renders pastureland useless as cattle will starve even in its abundance.

Cymbopogon nardus

Medical use

Economic importance of Cymbopogon nardus

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus Cymbopogon nardus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa - Cape Province , Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Sri Lanka
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
    • Malesia: Indonesia

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Acaricide
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (84 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Camphene found in Plant (960 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (750 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Analgesic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Anesthetic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (96 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Elemol found in Plant (204 ppm)
L-limonene found in Plant (1164 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Antiallergic
Menthol found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Plant
Antibacillus
Menthol found in Plant
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (168 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Plant
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Menthol found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Antidandruff
Menthol found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Menthol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Antihalitosic
Menthol found in Plant
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Plant
Sabinene found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Plant
Menthol found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Antileukemic
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Antilisteria
Menthol found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Menthol found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Plant (960 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (96 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Antipyretic
Menthol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Menthol found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Hexanol found in Plant (12 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Menthol found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (96 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (168 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Antitartar
Menthol found in Plant
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Antitumor
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Antitussive
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Elemol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant
Sabinene found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Menthol found in Plant
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Antivulvitic
Menthol found in Plant
Apoptotic
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Bradycardic
Menthol found in Plant
Bronchomucolytic
Menthol found in Plant
Bronchomucotropic
Menthol found in Plant
Bronchorrheic
Menthol found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Menthol found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Choleretic
Menthol found in Plant
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Ciliotoxic
Menthol found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Congestant
Menthol found in Plant
Convulsant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Counterirritant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Decongestant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Plant (84 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Plant
Menthol found in Plant
Diaphoretic
Menthol found in Plant
Diuretic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Menthol found in Plant
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Estrogenic
Nerol found in Plant
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (960 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphene found in Plant (960 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Citronellyl-butyrate found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (750 ppm)
Geranyl-butyrate found in Plant (180 ppm)
Geranyl-formate found in Plant (504 ppm)
Hexanol found in Plant (12 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (96 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Plant (84 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Plant (168 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (84 ppm)
Fungistat
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Gastrosedative
Menthol found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Insect-attractant
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphene found in Plant (960 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (750 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Plant
Menthol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Juvabional
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (96 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Mutagenic
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Neurodepressant
Menthol found in Plant
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Neuropathogenic
Menthol found in Plant
Nociceptive
Menthol found in Plant
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (750 ppm)
Geranyl-butyrate found in Plant (180 ppm)
Geranyl-formate found in Plant (504 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (96 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Plant (84 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (96 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphene found in Plant (960 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Plant
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Hexanol found in Plant (12 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (36 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Plant (36 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (84 ppm)
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Refrigerant
Menthol found in Plant
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Rubefacient
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Plant (750 ppm)
Geranyl-butyrate found in Plant (180 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (96 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (204 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Plant
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphene found in Plant (960 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Menthol found in Plant
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Plant (384 ppm)
Toxic
Methyl-isoeugenol found in Plant (864 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (312 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Citronellol found in Plant (1008 ppm)
Farnesol found in Plant (36 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (4794 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Ethanol found in Plant (300 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Plant (60 ppm)
Menthol found in Plant
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (1452 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (84 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-carvotanacetone Plant 327 1,284
Alpha-phellandrene Plant 24 96
Alpha-pinene Plant 78 312
Alpha-terpineol Plant
Beta-pinene Plant
Bourbonene Plant 30 120
Camphene Plant 150 960
Camphor Plant 15 60
Caryophyllene Plant 96 384
Cis-ocimene Plant 42 168
Citronellol Plant 252 1,008
Citronellyl-butyrate Plant
D-citronellal Plant 126 1,800
D-citronellol-acetate Plant 57 228
D-citronellol-n-butyrate Plant
Delta-3-carene Plant
Elemol Plant 51 204
Eo Plant 3,000 12,000
Ethanol Plant 75 300
Farnesol Plant 6 36
Furfurol Plant 69 276
Geraniol Plant 600 4,794
Geranyl-acetate Plant 188 750
Geranyl-butyrate Plant 45 180
Geranyl-formate Plant 126 504
Hexanol Plant 3 12
L-borneol Plant 198 792
L-limonene Plant 291 1,164
Linalol Plant 36 144
Linalyl-acetate Plant 24 96
Menthol Plant
Methyl-eugenol Plant 51 204
Methyl-heptenone Plant 6 24
Methyl-isoeugenol Plant 216 864
Myrcene Plant 9 36
Nerol Plant
Nerolidol Plant 9 36
P-cymene Plant
Perillaldehyde Plant 363 1,452
Phellandral Plant 253 1,012
Sabinene Plant
Terpinen-4-ol Plant 21 84
Terpinolene Plant 21 84
Thujyl-alcohol Plant
Trans-ocimene Plant 54 216
Tricyclene Plant 45 180
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]