Cymbopogon flexuosus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Cochin lemongrass East Indian lemongrass lemongrass Malabar grass Malabar lemongrass

Cymbopogon flexuosus also called Cochin Grass or Malabar Grass . Lemongrass essential oil is produced by steam distillation of the freshly cut leaves, or can be extracted using alcohol. It is believed to help with stress-related disorders, and has been shown to have antifungal and antimicrobial properties. Cymbopogon flexuosus completely inhibits all MRSA colony growth.

Cymbopogon flexuosus

Medical use

Economic importance of Cymbopogon flexuosus

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils lipids
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Cymbopogon flexuosus Cymbopogon flexuosus Cymbopogon flexuosus Cymbopogon flexuosus Cymbopogon flexuosus Cymbopogon flexuosus Cymbopogon flexuosus Cymbopogon flexuosus

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Plant
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Acaricide
Citronellal found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Plant
Allelochemic
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Allergenic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Analgesic
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anesthetic
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Farnesol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Antiallergic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Plant
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Anticancer
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiflu
Limonene found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Farnesol found in Leaf
Antilithic
Limonene found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Farnesol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Plant
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Plant
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Antiradicular
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Antiseptic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Farnesol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Citronellal found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Antitumor
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Antiulcer
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Farnesol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Choleretic
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Plant
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Emetic
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Expectorant
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Dipentene found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
FLavor
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
N-decanal found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fungicide
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant
Fungistat
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Herbicide
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Plant
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Insecticide
Limonene found in Plant
Insectifuge
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Insectiphile
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Irritant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Juvabional
Farnesol found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Citronellal found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Nematicide
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant
Perfumery
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Leaf
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Sedative
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Dipentene found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Teratogenic
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Borneol found in Leaf (1500 ppm)
Transdermal
Limonene found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Farnesol found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant (2500 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf (4250 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Arundoin Plant
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Borneol Leaf 750 1,500
Citral Leaf 250 4,250
Citronellal Leaf
Dipentene Leaf
Eo Leaf 2,500 5,000
Farnesol Leaf
Geraniol Plant 875 2,500
Guanic-acid Leaf
Heptenol Leaf
Limonene Plant
Methyl-eugenol Plant 500 1,000
Methyl-heptenol Plant
Myrcene Plant
N-decanal Leaf
N-decylaldehyde Leaf
Triacontane Plant
Triacontanol Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]