Cuminum cyminum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
cumin
Cuminum cyminum

Medical use

Economic importance of Cuminum cyminum

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum Cuminum cyminum

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Seed (360 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Apiin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Cosmosiin found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Seed (500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Benzyl-cinnamate found in Seed (1341 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Mannitol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Mannitol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Mannitol found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
AntiHIV
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Seed
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Seed (3.6 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (450 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (748 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (748 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Seed
Antiarrhythmic
Apiin found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Piperitone found in Seed (172 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Cosmosiin found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (270 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3200 ppm);found in Seed (1014 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antibradykinic
Apiin found in Seed
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (748 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (748 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Seed
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Seed
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Seed
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Seed (435 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiepileptic
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Seed (435 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Seed
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Mannitol found in Seed
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3200 ppm);found in Seed (1014 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Seed (435 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (270 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Seed
Mannitol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (450 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Seed
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Seed
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antimalarial
Myrtenol found in Seed
Trans-pinocarveol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antimelanomic
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (748 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Anisaldehyde found in Seed (837 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Mannitol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Seed
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Boron found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Boron found in Seed (50 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (5673 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (50 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Mannitol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Myrtenol found in Seed
Trans-pinocarveol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Seed (30 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiproliferative
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root (680 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Salicylates found in Seed (450 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Mannitol found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Seed
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Seed (360 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3200 ppm);found in Seed (1014 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antishock
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Apiin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Mannitol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Seed
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Seed
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Seed (435 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-bisabolene found in Seed (360 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3200 ppm);found in Seed (1014 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (450 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-bisabolene found in Seed (360 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Seed
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (5673 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Seed
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-elemene found in Seed (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Carveol found in Seed (435 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Seed (435 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Seed (500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (4 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Cosmosiin found in Seed (1500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (2.2 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Carminative
Copaene found in Seed (30 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Seed
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
DNA-Binder
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (270 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Mannitol found in Seed
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Mannitol found in Seed
Energizer
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (2.2 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Boron found in Seed (50 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Seed (279 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Benzyl-cinnamate found in Seed (1341 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Cumin-alcohol found in Seed Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (270 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Seed (138 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Piperitone found in Seed (172 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Seed
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Seed (837 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Seed (279 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Seed (435 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Piperitone found in Seed (172 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Seed (450 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (2028 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed (50 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Seed (500 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Root (680 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (33 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (450 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (5673 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Seed (837 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Seed (435 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Seed (138 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (270 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Piperitone found in Seed (172 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Xanthophyll found in Seed
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Seed (3.6 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Benzyl-cinnamate found in Seed (1341 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (270 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Seed
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Memorigenic
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (8.4 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Mutagenic
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Narcotic
Cumene found in Seed
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Seed (138 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Seed
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (5673 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Choline found in Seed (3003 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Benzyl-cinnamate found in Seed (1341 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Seed (360 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (700 ppm);found in Seed (279 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Isocaryophyllene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2800 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Seed (138 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Piperitone found in Seed (172 ppm)
Sabinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3200 ppm);found in Seed (1014 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil (8400 ppm);found in Seed (60 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Seed (837 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Seed (435 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Seed (270 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (135100 ppm);found in Seed (11800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Seed
Mannitol found in Seed
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed (30 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Seed (138 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Piperitone found in Seed (172 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Xanthophyll found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (748 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (154000 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Seed
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (16 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Seed (36 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Dipentene found in Seed
Eugenol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed (310 ppm)
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Seed (27 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Camphene found in Seed Essent. Oil (400 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Seed (360 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Sweetener
Mannitol found in Seed
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Seed (320 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Seed (330 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (60300 ppm);found in Seed (6600 ppm)
Limonene found in Seed Essent. Oil (2500 ppm);found in Seed (696 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Seed (138 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Farnesol found in Seed (834 ppm)
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil (57400 ppm);found in Seed (12639 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Seed
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Seed
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Seed Essent. Oil (300 ppm);found in Seed (318 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Anisaldehyde found in Seed (837 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed (8 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed (300 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Seed Essent. Oil (480000 ppm);found in Seed (16000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (350000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Salicylates found in Seed (450 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Seed
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Vasodilator
Acetyl-choline found in Seed (68 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Calcium found in Seed (15511 ppm)
Eugenol found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (136000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (49 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (20916 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Seed Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Seed
Vibriocide
Perillaldehyde found in Seed (336 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed Essent. Oil (500 ppm);found in Seed (275 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (76 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Seed Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (58 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Seed 40 138
Acetyl-choline Seed 68
Aldehydes Seed 12,000 30,000
Alpha-p-dimethyl-styrene Seed 30
Alpha-phellandrene Seed Essent. Oil 8,400
Seed 60
Alpha-pinene Seed Essent. Oil 3,000
Seed 9 330
Alpha-terpinene Seed Essent. Oil 5,000
Seed 27
Alpha-terpineol Seed Essent. Oil 500
Seed 30 275
Alpha-thujene Seed 24
Anisaldehyde Seed 837
Apigenin-5-o-glucoside Seed
Apigenin-7-glucoside Seed
Apigenin-7-glucuronosyl-glucoside Seed
Apigetrin Seed
Apiin Seed
Ascorbic-acid Seed 0 76
Tissue Culture
Ash Seed 58,000 89,000
Benzyl-cinnamate Seed 1,341
Beta-bisabolene Seed 60 360
Beta-carotene Seed 5 8
Beta-elemene Seed 30
Beta-farnesene Seed 220 440
Beta-phellandrene Seed Essent. Oil 700
Seed 90 279
Beta-pinene Seed Essent. Oil 60,300
Seed 48 6,600
Beta-sitosterol Seed 300
Beta-terpinene Seed 204
Bornyl-acetate Seed 36
Boron Seed 34 50
Calcium Seed 9,310 15,511
Campesterol Seed 50
Camphene Seed Essent. Oil 400
Car-3-ene Seed Essent. Oil 200
Carbohydrates Seed 442,000 570,000
Carveol Seed 435
Caryophyllene Seed 144 320
Caryophyllene-oxide Seed 435
Choline Seed 3,003
Chromium Seed 8.4
Cis-beta-farnesene Seed Essent. Oil 4,500
Cis-gamma-bisabolene Seed 30
Cis-sabinene-hydrate Seed Essent. Oil 1,500
Seed 207
Cobalt Seed 2.2
Copaene Seed 30
Copper Seed 9 16
Cosmosiin Seed 1,500
Cryptone Seed
Cumene Seed
Cumin-alcohol Seed Essent. Oil 4,200
Cuminaldehyde Seed Essent. Oil 205,100 480,000
Seed 4,000 16,000
Essential Oil 350,000
Cuminic-acid Seed 1
Cuminic-alcohol Seed
Cuminyl-alcohol Seed 300 21,660
Cynaroside Seed 500
Daucene Seed 90
Delta-3-carene Seed 270
Delta-5,6-octadecenoic-acid Seed
Dillapiole Seed 150
Dipentene Seed
Eo Seed 20,000 50,000
Eugenol Seed
Farnesol Seed 834
Fat Seed 134,000 270,380
Fiber Seed 105,000 136,000
Gamma-terpinene Seed Essent. Oil 135,100
Seed 174 11,800
Essential Oil
Gum Seed
Iron Seed 155 748
Isocaryophyllene Seed Essent. Oil 2,800
Limonene Seed Essent. Oil 2,500
Seed 60 696
Linalool Seed Essent. Oil 300
Seed 30 318
Luteolin Leaf
Seed
Luteolin-7-glucoside Seed
Luteolin-7-glucuronosyl-glucoside Seed
Manganese Seed 24 33
Mannitol Seed
Methyl-chavicol Seed 30
Methyl-cinnamate Seed 138
Myrcene Seed Essent. Oil 5,000
Seed 36 120
Myrtenol Seed
Niacin Seed 46 49
Nickel Seed 3.6
Octadeca-5,6-dienoic-acid Seed Oil
Oleic-acid Seed Oil
Seed 154,000
P-cymene Seed Essent. Oil 57,400
Seed 810 12,639
Essential Oil
P-isopropylphenol Seed Essent. Oil 800
P-menth-3-en-7-al Seed Essent. Oil 4,400
P-mentha-1,3-dien-7-al Seed Essent. Oil 60,100
Seed 3,330 4,560
Essential Oil
P-mentha-1,4-dien-7-al Seed Essent. Oil 319,800
Essential Oil
Seed 7,080 7,290
P-mentha-3-en-7-ol Seed 140 280
Perillaldehyde Seed 336
Petroselinic-acid Seed Oil
Seed 522,000
Phellandral Seed
Phosphorus Seed 4,900 5,673
Phytosterols Root 680
Piperitol Seed 243
Piperitone Seed 172
Potassium Seed 17,880 20,916
Protein Seed 166,000 212,000
Resin Seed
Riboflavin Seed 3 4
Sabinene Seed Essent. Oil 3,200
Seed 30 1,014
Salicylates Seed 450
Sodium Seed 1,680 2,028
Stigmasterol Seed 310
Tannin Seed
Terpinen-4-ol Seed Essent. Oil 1,000
Seed 30
Terpinolene Seed Essent. Oil 400
Terpinolene-epoxide Seed 60
Thiamin Seed 6 7
Thymol Seed Essent. Oil 200
Trans-alpha-bergamotene Seed Essent. Oil 900
Trans-pinocarveol Seed 30
Trans-sabinene-hydrate Seed Essent. Oil 800
Seed 87
Water Seed 81,000
Xanthophyll Seed
Zinc Seed 41 58
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]