Cucurbita maxima Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
banana squash buttercup squash giant pumpkin great pumpkin Hubbard squash pumpkin red gourd squash turban squash winter squash

Cucurbita maxima, one of at least five species of cultivated squash, is one of the most diverse domesticated species, perhaps with more cultivated forms than any other crop. This species originated in South America from the wild C. maxima ssp. andreana over 4000 years ago. The two species hybridize quite readily but have noticeably different calcium levels.

Cucurbita maxima

Medical use

Economic importance of Cucurbita maxima

Human food fruit
Gene sources graft stock relative for melon graft stock relative for watermelon
Medicines folklore
Social religious/secular

Gallery

Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita maxima

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Uruguay

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21450 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Analgesic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Anticataract
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antioxidant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiseptic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Antiulcer
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21450 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21450 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21450 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21450 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21450 ppm)
Pesticide
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (145 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (151750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (128065 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21450 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (44360 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21450 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (2580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2752 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Leaf (54 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Arachidic-acid Seed 1,100
Ash Leaf 18,200 129,100
Calcium Leaf 364 2,580
Copper Leaf 4.2 30
Fat Leaf 17,500 124,000
Seed 366,000
Glycolipids Plant 4,270 35,055
Iron Leaf 20.4 145
Linoleic-acid Seed 151,750
Magnesium Leaf 388 2,752
Oleic-acid Seed 128,065
Palmitic-acid Seed 44,360
Phospholipids Plant 5,338 37,860
Protein Leaf 45,800 324,800
Stearic-acid Seed 21,450
Water Leaf 859,000
Zinc Leaf 7.6 54
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]