Cucurbita foetidissima Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
buffalo gourd Missouri gourd prairie gourd

Cucurbita foetidissima, has numerous common names, including: buffalo gourd, calabazilla, chilicote, coyote gourd, fetid gourd, fetid wild pumpkin, Missouri gourd, prairie gourd, stinking gourd, wild gourd, and wild pumpkin. The plant is tuberous and a true xerophytic plant found in the Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico. The type specimen was collected from Mexico by Humboldt and Bonpland sometime before 1817. The feral perennial Buffalo gourd has evolved in the semiarid regions and is well adapted to desert environments. It has abundant yields of oil, protein and carbohydrates. The carbohydrates that are formed in the tap root have led to the idea to grow the plant for biofuel. The fruit is consumed by humans and animals. When the fruit is mature, a stage marked by increasing desiccation of vine, leaves, fruit-stem, and fruit itself, it begins its final gourd stage. Geographic location and genetics make it highly likely that Cucurbita scabridifolia is a naturally occurring hybrid of C. foetidissima and Cucurbita pedatifolia.

Cucurbita foetidissima

Medical use

Economic importance of Cucurbita foetidissima

Human food potential as oil/fat potential as starch
Animal food foder
Fuels potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol
Gene sources tertiary genetic relative of maxima pumpkin/squash tertiary genetic relative of moschata pumpkin/squash tertiary genetic relative of pepo pumpkin/squash tertiary genetic relative of cushaw tertiary genetic relative of fig-leaf gourd
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita foetidissima

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska , Oklahoma
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California , Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco , Mexico, Queretaro

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28475 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (550000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Analgesic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (46000 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (33000 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Antibiotic
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Isocucurbitacin-b found in Root
Anticataract
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Antidementia
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (46000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (67000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (13680 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (73530 ppm)
Antifatigue
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Antigastritic
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Antigibberellin
Cucurbitacin-b found in Root
Cucurbitacin-e found in Root
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Cucurbitacin-b found in Root
Cucurbitacin-e found in Root
Glucose found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Lysine found in Seed (33000 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (73530 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Cucurbitacin-b found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (73530 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Antimigraine
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (37280 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (550000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2600 ppm);found in Root (220 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (17100 ppm)
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (46000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (13680 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (44000 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (13680 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (73530 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (73530 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (46000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Antitumor
Cucurbitacin-b found in Root
Cucurbitacin-d found in Root
Cucurbitacin-e found in Root
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (26000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (13680 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (46000 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (73530 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2600 ppm);found in Root (220 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Seed (17100 ppm)
Cucurbitacin-b found in Root
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (680 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Serine found in Seed (20180 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (13680 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (680 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28475 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Cucurbitacin-b found in Root
Cucurbitacin-d found in Root
Cucurbitacin-e found in Root
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Detoxicant
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (550000 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (44000 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (67000 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (33000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (26000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28475 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (26000 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (48000 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Seed (11000 ppm)
Stachyose found in Seed (9000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (33000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28475 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2600 ppm);found in Root (220 ppm)
Insectifuge
Cucurbitacin-b found in Root
Cucurbitacin-d found in Root
Cucurbitacin-e found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Insectiphile
Cucurbitacin-b found in Root
Cucurbitacin-d found in Root
Cucurbitacin-e found in Root
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28475 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed (6000 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (46000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (13680 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (37280 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (73530 ppm)
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2600 ppm);found in Root (220 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (17100 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28475 ppm)
Pesticide
Cysteine found in Seed (3080 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (550000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221365 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (169500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28475 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (37280 ppm)
Sedative
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (48140 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (28475 ppm)
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (46000 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed (5472 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Glycine found in Seed (27700 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (19000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed (143000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (77600 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (102000 ppm);found in Seed (265000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (25300 ppm)
Vulnerary
Sucrose found in Seed (23000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Seed 10,130 17,100
Amylose Root 260,000
Arginine Seed 39,900 143,000
Ash Fruit 95,000
Leaf 215,000
Seed 31,000 48,000
Root 49,000
Aspartic-acid Seed 29,165 37,280
Calcium Leaf 77,600
Carbohydrates Leaf 492,000
Cucurbitacin-b Root
Cucurbitacin-d Root
Cucurbitacin-e Root
Cysteine Seed 2,150 3,080
Fat Leaf 40,000
Seed 243,000 428,000
Fiber Leaf 102,000
Seed 151,000 265,000
Foetidissimoside-a Root
Glucose Seed 6,000
Glutamic-acid Seed 52,800 73,530
Glycine Seed 14,735 27,700
Hemicellulose Fruit 238,000
Root 190,000
Histidine Seed 5,835 19,000
Isocucurbitacin-b Root
Isoleucine Seed 9,825 44,000
Leucine Seed 14,120 67,000
Linoleic-acid Seed 92,340 221,365
Linolenic-acid Seed 3,645 5,085
Lysine Seed 10,130 33,000
Methionine Seed 2,610 19,000
Myristic-acid Seed 486 680
Oleic-acid Seed 56,135 169,500
Palmitic-acid Seed 14,823 48,140
Phenylalanine Seed 11,050 46,000
Phosphorus Leaf 2,600
Root 220
Phytate Seed 19,000
Potassium Leaf 25,300
Proline Seed 8,290 15,390
Protein Fruit 231,000
Seed 222,000 351,000
Leaf 253,000
Root 204,000
Raffinose Seed 11,000
Serine Seed 12,585 20,180
Sfa Seed 60,600
Stachyose Seed 9,000
Starch Root 259,000 550,000
Stearic-acid Seed 2,430 28,475
Sucrose Seed 23,000
Threonine Seed 4,605 26,000
Tryptophan Seed 1,840 5,472
Tyrosine Seed 11,350 13,680
Valine Seed 11,665 48,000
Water Fruit 899,000
Root 653,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]