Croton eluteria Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
seaside balsam

Croton eluteria, known as Cascarilla, is a plant species of the genus Croton, that is native to the Caribbean. It has been naturalized in other tropical regions of the Americas. It grows to be a small tree or tall shrub, rarely reaching 20 feet in height. Leaves scanty, alternate, ovate-lanceolate, averaging 2 inches long, closely scaled below, giving a metallic silver-bronze appearance, with scattered white scales above. The flowers are small, with white petals, and very fragrant, appearing in March and April. The scented bark is fissured, pale yellowish brown, and may be covered in lichen. Tincture from the bark is used as a tonic and stimulant, and a fever reducer. Cascarilla bark is also used to flavour the liqueurs Campari and Vermouth.

Croton eluteria

Medical use

Economic importance of Croton eluteria

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Croton eluteria Croton eluteria Croton eluteria Croton eluteria Croton eluteria Croton eluteria Croton eluteria

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Bark
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Dipentene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Analgesic
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Anesthetic
Eugenol found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark
AntiHIV
Lignin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Bark
Antiacetylcholinesterase
D-limonene found in Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiallergic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Antianemic
Vanillin found in Bark
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiasthmatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Bark
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Dipentene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Lignin found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Bark
Anticancer
Lignin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Bark
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Anticoronary
Lignin found in Bark
Antidiarrheic
Lignin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Bark
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark
Antiedemic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Antigastritic
Betaine found in Bark
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Bark
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Bark
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Bark
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Bark
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Cuparene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Bark
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Bark
Antimelanomic
D-limonene found in Bark
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Bark
Antimutagenic
Eugenol found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Bark
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark
Antinitrosaminic
Lignin found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Bark
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Bark
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Bark
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Lignin found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Antipolio
Vanillin found in Bark
Antiproliferant
Beta-elemene found in Bark
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Bark
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Bark
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Bark
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Bark
Antitumor-Promoter
D-limonene found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Antitumor
Eugenol found in Bark
Lignin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Antitussive
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Antiulcer
Eugenol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Dipentene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Lignin found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Bark
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Bark
D-limonene found in Bark
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Bacteristat
Vanillin found in Bark
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Bark
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Bark
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Bark
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Bark
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
D-limonene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Bark
Cardioprotective
Betaine found in Bark
Carminative
Eugenol found in Bark
Chelator
Lignin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Chemopreventive
D-limonene found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Choleretic
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Bark
Differentiator
D-limonene found in Bark
Diuretic
Betaine found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Bark
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Bark
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Bark
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Betaine found in Bark
Camphene found in Bark
Dipentene found in Bark
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Camphene found in Bark
D-limonene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Fungicide
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Hepatoprotective
Betaine found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Hypocholesterolemic
D-limonene found in Bark
Lignin found in Bark
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Bark
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Inhalant
Borneol found in Bark
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Bark
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
D-limonene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Camphene found in Bark
D-limonene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Dipentene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Bark
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Bark
Laxative
Lignin found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Litholytic
D-limonene found in Bark
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Bark
Mucogenic
Betaine found in Bark
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Nematicide
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Bark
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
D-limonene found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Betaine found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Camphene found in Bark
D-limonene found in Bark
Dipentene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark
Lignin found in Bark
Myrcene found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Vanillin found in Bark
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Dipentene found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Camphene found in Bark
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Bark
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Borneol found in Bark
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Bark
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Bark
Ulcerogenic
Eugenol found in Bark
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Bark
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Bark
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Bark
Vulnerary
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-calacorene Bark
Alpha-copaene Bark
Alpha-pinene Bark
Alpha-thujene Bark
Beta-caryophyllene Bark
Beta-elemene Bark
Beta-pinene Bark
Betaine Bark
Borneol Bark
Calamenene Bark
Camphene Bark
Cascarilladiene Plant
Cascarillic-acid Bark
Cascarillidone Bark
Cascarillin-a Bark
Cascarillone Bark
Cineole Bark
Cuparene Bark
Cuparophenol Bark
D-limonene Bark
Dipentene Bark
Eo Bark 15,000 30,000
Eugenol Bark
Euparophenol Bark
Gamma-terpinene Bark
Gamma-terpineol Bark
Lignin Bark
Linalol Bark
Methyl-thymol Bark
Myrcene Bark
P-cymene Bark
Pectic-acid Bark
Resin Bark 150,000
Tannin Bark
Terpinen-4-ol Bark
Vanillin Bark
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]