Crescentia alata Health effects and herbal facts

Crescentia alata is a species in the trumpet-flower family Bignoniaceae, native to southern Mexico and Central America south to Costa Rica. It is a small tree growing to 8 m tall. It has hard, cannonball-like fruit 7–10 cm diameter, that are difficult to break into. It is believed that these fruit characteristics evolved as a defense mechanism against seed predation. However, it seems to be a counter-productive strategy, as the seeds inside the fruits never germinate unless the fruits are broken open, and with the exception of horses and humans, no animals break open the fruits. It has been observed that domestic horses may smash the fruit with their hooves and eat the pulp and seeds. Daniel Janzen suggested that Gomphotheres may have previously been responsible for the dispersal of C. alata seeds. With their extinction, C. alata became threatened with the possibility of habitat loss and suffered an extremely limited ability to migrate, but the introduction of a new vector, in the form of domestic horses, has allowed the species to maintain its viability. C. alata is, not surprisingly, most often found in open areas, such as pastures and fields.

Crescentia alata

Medical use

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Analgesic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
AntiLyme
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (97 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antialzheimeran
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antianemic
Iron found in Seed (97 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Hcn found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (97 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Anticataract
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (97 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antidementia
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antidote
Hcn found in Fruit
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antifatigue
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antigastritic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Antihangover
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (97 ppm)
Antimigraine
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (10020 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antiradicular
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antitussive
Hcn found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (10020 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Fruit
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Diuretic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (10020 ppm)
Insecticide
Hcn found in Fruit
Insectifuge
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (10020 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Pesticide
Hcn found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Seed (7.6 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (97 ppm)
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Fruit
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Fruit
Sedative
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.2 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Seed (518 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (25000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ash Seed 38,000 39,000
Beta-carotene Seed 0.2
Calcium Seed 500 518
Carbohydrates Seed 229,000 237,000
Fat Seed 397,000 411,000
Fiber Seed 24,000 25,000
Hcn Fruit
Heterosides Leaf
Iron Seed 94 97
Kilocalories Seed 5,300 5,490
Leucoanthocyanins Leaf
Niacin Seed 9
Oleic-acid Seed
Phenols Leaf
Phosphorus Seed 9,680 10,020
Protein Seed 302,000 313,000
Riboflavin Seed 1.2
Thiamin Seed 7.3 7.6
Triterpenoids Leaf
Water Seed 34,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]